List of former zoos and aquariums
- 1 Accra Zoo
- 2 African Lion Safari, Warragamba
- 3 Ager Zoo
- 4 Aqualand
- 5 Belle Isle Zoo, Detroit
- 6 Belle Vue Zoological Gardens
- 7 Barnum's Aquarial Gardens
- 8 Boston Aquarial and Zoological Gardens
- 9 Bullen's Animal World
- 10 Catskill Game Farm
- 11 Clacton Pier Dolphinarium
- 12 Clifton Fish Aquarium
- 13 Dierenpark Tilburg
- 14 Discovery Island at Walt Disney World Resort
- 15 Eastlake Zoo
- 16 Ferme Angrignon
- 17 Gatwick Zoo
- 18 Gay's Lion Farm
- 19 Glasgow Zoo
- 20 Gondwana Rainforest Sanctuary
- 21 Griffith Park Zoo
- 22 Hacienda Nápoles
- 23 Heaven's Corner
- 24 High Delta Safari Park
- 25 Hobart Zoo
- 26 Jungleland USA
- 27 Jurong Reptile Park
- 28 Kjøbenhavns Aquarium
- 29 Knaresborough Zoo
- 30 La Fontaine Park
- 31 Lai Chi Kok Zoo
- 32 Leeds Castle
- 33 Lion Country Safari, Cincinnati, Ohio
- 34 Lion Country Safari, Grand Prairie, Texas
- 35 Lion Country Safari, Irvine, California
- 36 Lion Country Safari, Richmond, Virginia
- 37 Little River Zoo
- 38 Manchester Zoological Gardens
- 39 Manito Park and Zoo
- 40 Marapana Wildlife Park
- 41 Marineland, Napier
- 42 Marine World/Africa USA
- 43 Marineland of the Pacific
- 44 ME's Zoo
- 45 Muskingum County Animal Farm
- 46 Okanagan Game Farm
- 47 Penscynor Wildlife Park
- 48 Peshwe Park
- 49 Philadelphia Aquarium
- 50 Pier 54 Aquarium
- 51 Rainbow Springs State Park
- 52 St. Paul at Chittenden Locks
- 53 Seattle Marine Aquarium
- 54 SeaWorld Ohio
- 55 Selig Zoo
- 56 Senning's Park
- 57 Seven Seas Marine Life Park
- 58 Singapore Crocodile Farm
- 59 Slater Park Zoo
- 60 Soco Gardens Zoo
- 61 South Boston Aquarium
- 62 Southport Zoo
- 63 Stanley Park Zoo
- 64 Surrey Zoological Gardens
- 65 Tel Aviv Zoo
- 66 Tift Park Zoo
- 67 Triangle Metro Zoo
- 68 Upper Clements Wildlife Park
- 69 Van Kleef Aquarium
- 70 Walk in the Wild
- 71 Wassenaar Zoo
- 72 Wheeler Park Zoo
- 73 Windsor Safari Park
- 74 The Zoo at Nay Aug
- 75 Zoo Labyrinth Boekelo
- 76 Zoo Nebraska
- 77 Zoological Garden of Hamburg
- 78 Notes
- 79 References
Accra Zoo, in Accra, Ghana, was originally a private zoo built in the 1960s by the first President, Osagyefo Dr Kwame Nkrumah at the Flagstaff House, but was later turned into a public zoo. All of the animals at the zoo were moved to the newly created Kumasi Zoo in 2006.
African Lion Safari, Warragamba
Ager Zoo was located in Lincoln Nebraska, United States. At one time it was one of three zoos in Lincoln. It was closed in 1980 when a study commissioned by the city determined that its facilities were substandard.
Aqualand was a zoo located in Vilas County, Wisconsin, United States. In the 1960s and 1970s it attracted some 72,000 visitors each year. It closed its doors in 1989 and was purchased by the owners of White Birch Village in 1992.
Belle Isle Zoo, Detroit
Belle Isle Zoo (1895–2002) was on Belle Isle in Detroit, Michigan, United States. It opened in 1895 with a few deer and a bear. Control of the facility passed to the Detroit Zoo in 1941. The original zoo closed in 2002, but in 2005, the Detroit Zoo opened the Belle Isle Nature Zoo at the former nature center on the island.
Belle Vue Zoological Gardens
Belle Vue Zoological Gardens was a large zoo, amusement park, exhibition hall complex and speedway stadium in Belle Vue, Manchester, England, that opened in 1836. The gardens closed down in phases, with the speedway closing last in November 1987.
Barnum's Aquarial Gardens
Barnum's Aquarial Gardens (June 1862 - February 1863) in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, was a public aquarium, zoo, and performance space located on Washington Street in the Financial District. P.T. Barnum bought the Boston Aquarial and Zoological Gardens in 1862, remodeled the space, changed the name of the business, and re-opened the collections to the public in June.
Boston Aquarial and Zoological Gardens
The Boston Aquarial and Zoological Gardens (October 1860 - June 1862) in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, featured a public aquarium and zoo. It was located in the Financial District on Central Court (off Washington Street). On display were "hundreds of specimens of the finny tribe there to be seen sporting in their native element, in all their variety of hue and shape" as well as other animals. James Ambrose Cutting and Henry D. Butler ran the business, derived from an earlier incarnation known as the Boston Aquarial Gardens.
Bullen's Animal World
Catskill Game Farm
Catskill Game Farm was a 914-acre (370 ha) zoo in Catskill, New York, United States. It was opened in 1933 by Roland Lindemann, and was eventually home to about 2,000 animals representing more than 150 species. It closed permanently on Columbus Day 2006 after 73 years of operation.
Clacton Pier Dolphinarium
The Clacton Pier Dolphinarium was originally designed as an Olympic sized public swimming pool, and opened in 1932. The pool was closed to the public in 1971 due to falling income, and converted to a dolphinarium. The dolphins were all moved out of the facility in 1979 when a storm severely damaged the tank on New Year's Day. After storm damage was repaired, the facility continued to be used. Nemo, the last orca at the facility, was moved to Windsor Safari Park on June 26, 1985. A slide was installed after Nemo left, and the facility was used as a water park until at least 1988.
Clifton Fish Aquarium
Dierenpark Tilburg was a zoo at the Bredaseweg in Tilburg, Netherlands. The park opened its doors in 1932 as a wedding present from Johan Burgers (the founder of Royal Burgers' Zoo) to his daughter and her husband from Tilburg. In 1946 the park was sold to C. van Dijk & Sons, who helped to develop it. The park was closed in 1973.
Discovery Island at Walt Disney World Resort
Discovery Island was an 11.5 acres (4.7 ha) island in Bay Lake at the Walt Disney World Resort in Bay Lake, Florida. Between 1974 and 1999, the island was open to guests. Disney originally named it "Treasure Island", and later "Discovery Island". Here, guests could observe the island's many species of animals and birds. It was closed to guests once Discovery Island was opened at Disney's Animal Kingdom.
Eastlake Zoo, owned by the city of Los Angeles, opened in East Los Angeles Park in 1885.
The Ferme Angrignon, or Angrignon Farm, is a petting zoo in Montreal. Established in 1990  and administered by the Jardin Botanique de Montreal, the farm is located in Parc Angrignon, just outside the Angrignon subway station. It is home to over 20 species of farm animal. The farm is currently closed and its reopening is uncertain: there is no plan to reopen it in 2011.
Gatwick Zoo was opened in 1973 by Terry and Sheila Thorpe and was closed in September 2002. The 11.4-acre zoo was home to around 900 birds and mammals, which were relocated to Chessington Zoo, Colchester Zoo, Edinburgh Zoo and Leeds Castle.
Gay's Lion Farm
Gay's Lion Farm was a public selective breeding facility and tourist attraction located at the south-east junction of Peck Road and Valley Boulevard in El Monte, California, United States. It operated from 1925 through 1942, but closed due to wartime meat shortages, in what was thought at the time to be a temporary situation. However, it never reopened.
Glasgow Zoo opened in 1947 in Glasgow, Scotland. During the 56 years it was open, it was home to tigers, lions, polar bears, elephants, and animals big and small alike. It was closed in September 2003. 
Gondwana Rainforest Sanctuary
Gondwana Rainforest Sanctuary was established for Australian wildlife in the South Bank Parklands, in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, following World Expo 88. In the latter half of 2005, the sanctuary was closed and dismantled and an office and retail store were built.
Griffith Park Zoo
Griffith Park Zoo was the predecessor to the current Los Angeles Zoo. It opened in 1912 and was located about 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the current zoo site until it was closed in August, 1966 and the animals were moved to the new Los Angeles Zoo. Remnants of Griffith Park Zoo remain.
Hacienda Nápoles (Spanish for "Naples Estate") was a luxurious estate built and owned by Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar in Puerto Triunfo, Antioquia, Colombia (320 km (198.8 mi) NW of Bogotá). The estate covers about 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi) of land, and included a complete zoo housing animals from many continents, such as giraffes, ostriches, elephants, hippopotomuses, ponies, antelope, and exotic birds. The government of Columbia took over the estate after Escobar died, and most of the animals were shipped elsewhere.
Heaven's Corner was a non-profit, USDA-licensed and certified zoo and animal sanctuary located in West Alexandria, Ohio,United States. It closed down in 2015 because of a law that passed on exotic animals in Ohio that year.
High Delta Safari Park
The High Delta Drive Thru Safari Park was a 40-acre (16 ha) safari park located in Delhi, Louisiana, United States, that featured exotic and endangered species. It was auctioned off due to bankruptcy on 21 November 2009.
Jungleland USA was a theme park in Thousand Oaks, California, United States, on the current site of the Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza. It closed in October 1969, in part because of competition from other Southern California amusement parks, such as Disneyland, Knott's Berry Farm and Universal Studios Hollywood.
Jurong Reptile Park
Kjøbenhavns Aquarium at Vesterbrogade 33 in Copenhagen, Denmark, was designed in 1872 by Theodor Stuckenberg, and rebuilt in 1875 by Christian L. Thuren as a restaurant. It was demolished in 1877.
La Fontaine Park
La Fontaine Park (or Parc La Fontaine in French) is a 36-hectare (89-acre) urban park located in Montreal's Plateau Mont-Royal district. At one time it had a small children's zoo, which closed in 1989.
Lai Chi Kok Zoo
Lai Chi Kok Zoo was located in Hong Kong.
Leeds Castle is built on islands in a lake formed by the River Len to the east of the village of Leeds. An aviary was added in 1980 and by 2011 it contained over 100 species. However, it was decided to close the aviary in October 2012 as it was felt the charity managing the castle could better use the £200,000 a year it cost to keep the aviary running.
Lion Country Safari, Cincinnati, Ohio
Kings Island, in the town of Mason, Ohio, United States (just northeast of Cincinnati), operated a drive-through zoo called Lion Country Safari, which became Wild Animal Habitat between 1974 and 1993.
Lion Country Safari, Grand Prairie, Texas
Another Lion Country Safari operated in Grand Prairie, Texas, United States (a suburb of Dallas, Texas) between 1971 and 1992. The park (located near what is now Lone Star Park) would often close during spring due to flooding (its location was adjacent to the Trinity River). The property remains undeveloped as of 2011 due to being in a floodplain.
Lion Country Safari, Irvine, California
Another Lion Country Safari existed in Irvine, California, United States until 1984. The California park was designed by R. Duell & Associates (the same firm that designed Six Flags Magic Mountain). Lion Country was founded and headed up by South African CEO Harry Shuster of United Leisure in 1968. The first park opened in Florida in 1969, and the second park, in California, opened in June 1970.
Lion Country Safari, Richmond, Virginia
Kings Dominion, located in the town of Doswell, Virginia, United States (just north of Richmond), operated another Lion Country Safari from 1974 before the park's opening in 1975 through the fall of 1993.
Little River Zoo
Manchester Zoological Gardens
Manito Park and Zoo
Manito Park and Zoo opened in 1905, in Spokane, Washington, United STates. It was forced to close during the height of the Great Depression in 1932. Many of the animals were shot, including three bison and two grizzly bears. The surrounding park absorbed what was once the zoo, and it remains one of the most prominent parks of the city. All attempts to bring another multifaceted zoo to the Spokane area have failed to the present day. 
Marapana Wildlife Park
Marapana Wildlife Park was a 15-acre (6.1 ha) zoo located in Karnup, Western Australia, an outer suburb of Perth. It was home to wombats, dingoes, pythons, kangaroos, deer, emu, saltwater crocodiles, and other animals. It was forced to close on 8 May 2011 when a yellow sand mine took over the property.
Marine World/Africa USA
Marine World/Africa USA was a tourist attraction located in Redwood Shores, California,United States. The park was named Marine World when it first opened.
The park moved in 1986 to Vallejo, California, to eventually become Six Flags Discovery Kingdom. The land of the former Marine World/Africa U.S.A. is now occupied by the world headquarters of Oracle Corporation.
Marineland of the Pacific
Marineland of the Pacific was a public oceanarium and tourist attraction located on the Palos Verdes Peninsula coast in Los Angeles County, California, United States. It opened in 1954 and was closed in 1987.
ME's Zoo was a privately owned zoo in Parker City, Indiana, United States. The zoo covered over 40 acres (16 ha), and was home to more than 300 animals. ME's Zoo was especially popular in the weeks preceding Christmas, when the zoo grounds were decorated with more than 200,000 lights. The zoo closed on September 27, 2009.
Muskingum County Animal Farm
Muskingum County Animal Farm was a private zoo located in Zanesville, Ohio, United States. It closed in 2011 when the owner released the animals and committed suicide, having been frequently reported for cruelty to its residents.
Okanagan Game Farm
The Okanagan Game Farm was a private zoo located in Kaleden, British Columbia, a small community approximately 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Penticton, British Columbia. The park closed on March 31, 1999 after 33 years in operation.
Penscynor Wildlife Park
Peshwe Park was a small 7-acre (2.8 ha) zoo opened in 1953 by the Pune Municipal Corporation where Madhavrao Peshwe had established a private menagerie in 1870. Located in the heart of Pune, India at the base of the Parvati hills, this zoo exhibited animals in traditional cages. Starting in 1997, the animals were gradually moved to the Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park, the last animal being moved out on 16 March 2005.
The Philadelphia Aquarium, one of the first aquariums in the United States, was located on the shore of the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia’s decommissioned Fairmount Water Works buildings from 1911 to 1962 as part of Fairmount Park.
Pier 54 Aquarium
Rainbow Springs State Park
Rainbow Springs State Park is a Florida State Park located on U.S. 41, three miles (5 km) north of Dunnellon, Florida. There used to be a small zoo complex in the gardens. Some of the facilities still exist but are no longer used.
St. Paul at Chittenden Locks
Seattle Marine Aquarium
Seattle Marine Aquarium was a private aquarium owned and operated by Ted Griffin and located on Pier 56 in Seattle, Washington, United States. The aquarium closed in 1977, the same year that the Seattle Aquarium opened on Pier 59.
SeaWorld Ohio was a park in the SeaWorld chain of marine animal theme parks. The park opened in 1970 directly across from Geauga Lake in Aurora, Ohio, United States. In 2001, SeaWorld sold the park to Six Flags, combining it with Geauga Lake to form Six Flags Worlds of Adventure. The park was completely demolished after the 2003 season and was rebuilt into Wildwater Kingdom for the 2005 season.
Senning's Park was a park located across New Cut Road from Iroquois Park in Louisville, Kentucky, United States, on the site of present-day Colonial Gardens. It was the site of the first zoo in the city.
Seven Seas Marine Life Park
The city council of Arlington voted to close the park in 1976 because it did not generate enough revenue to both pay its operating expenses and pay off the bonded indebtedness. The Arlington Sheraton Hotel now stands on this property.
Singapore Crocodile Farm
Singapore Crocodile Farm (also known as the Tan Moh Hong Reptile Skin and Crocodile Farm) was located on Upper Serangoon Road in Singapore. This 1-acre (0.40 ha) facility was started in 1945 by Tan Gna Chua, and was eventually opened to the public. It was closed in 2012.
Slater Park Zoo
Soco Gardens Zoo
South Boston Aquarium
Stanley Park Zoo
Surrey Zoological Gardens
Surrey Zoological Gardens was a zoo located in the Royal Surrey Gardens in Kennington, London, England. The gardens were acquired in 1831 by impresario Edward Cross to be the location of his new Surrey Zoological Gardens, using animals from his menagerie at Exeter Exchange, in competition with the new London Zoo in Regent's Park. A large circular domed glass conservatory was built in the gardens, 300 feet (90 m) in circumference, with more than 6,000 square feet (560 m2) of glass, to contain separate cages for lions, tigers, a rhinoceros, and giraffes.
After Cross's death, the animals were sold off in 1856 to build Surrey Music Hall in the gardens.
Tel Aviv Zoo
Tift Park Zoo
Triangle Metro Zoo
Triangle Metro Zoo (originally Zoo Fauna) was a privately owned and operated 40-acre (16 ha) zoo that was open from 1998 until 2006. It was located in Wake Forest, North Carolina, United States. The zoo originated from Larry Seibel's long experience in breeding exotic animals, and was opened in 1998. It was situated in a heavily forested area astride a small stream. Its name derives from the area of North Carolina in which the zoo was located, which is called "the Triangle" because it comprises the three larger cities of Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill.
Shortly after the zoo opened in 1998, the barn containing the gift shop and restrooms burned down, and was never rebuilt. The owner cited lack of facilities at the zoo due to this fire, which prevented him from putting up a permanent sign on Capital Boulevard, as one of many factors that led to the lack of funds for the zoo and its eventual closure.
Seibel closed the zoo in February 2006, citing money and personal problems, as well as encroaching development that would require him to fence the entire property. After the zoo closed, the Bengal tiger Raja, who Seibel and staff had rescued from neglectful owners, was moved to the Carnivore Preservation Trust in Pittsboro, North Carolina after having first been quarantined at the North Carolina Zoo. Other animals were transferred to various private collections and zoos.
The zoo was home to some 500 animals representing 85 species. Mammals at the zoo included a Bengal tiger, blackbuck, Himalayan moon bears, camels, capybara, caracals, coati, donkeys, fallow deer, red kangaroos, lemurs, lions, llama, scimitar oryx, muntjac, sloths, servals, and zebras. Birds included chickens, sarus cranes, red-crowned cranes, blue-and-gold macaws, scarlet macaws, military macaws, doves, emu, ostriches, pheasants, pigeons, toucans. Reptiles included leopard geckos, bearded dragons, and various species of skinks and snakes.
Upper Clements Wildlife Park
In 1995 the Upper Clements Wildlife Park opened near the tourist town of Annapolis Royal in Upper Clements, Nova Scotia, Canada. In 2007 the wildlife park and an adjacent Upper Clements Theme Park were purchased by non-profit Upper Clements Parks Society. In 2010 the Wildlife Park was closed. In 2012, the Upper Clements Adventure Park was opened adjacent to Upper Clements Theme Park to form Upper Clements Parks.
Van Kleef Aquarium
Van Kleef Aquarium was located in Singapore.
Walk in the Wild
Walk in the Wild was located in what is now the city of Spokane Valley, Washington, United States, but which was an unincorporated area of Spokane County at the time. It operated from 1972 to 1995, becoming the second zoo to fail in the area after Manito (above) in 1932. Attendance peaked in the early 1990s, and the zoo even included rare snow leopards for a time. Nevertheless, there were financial and public relations struggles throughout its history, and it closed after failing to get enough funding from the county and donations. The grounds were turned into Mirabeau Point Park and a local YMCA. 
Wassenar Zoo (or Dierenpark Wassenaar) was just off the highway from Amsterdam to The Hague in Wassenaar, Netherlands, about 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) from the Hague. The zoo was opened in 1937 and closed on 1 December 1985. The buildings were abandoned but still standing as of 2010.
Wheeler Park Zoo
Wheeler Park Zoo was located in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States. Park land was donated to the city in 1902 by James B. Wheeler. A local man donated a deer to the park, and other donations in the form of pets and wild-caught animals followed. The resulting menagerie was first called "the zoo" by the Daily Oklahoman on August 19, 1903. The zoo had problems with flooding, and the animals were eventually moved to a new facility in Lincoln Park in 1920.
Windsor Safari Park
Windsor Safari Park was a popular family attraction built on St. Leonards Hill on the outskirts of the English town of Windsor in Berkshire; it has since been converted into the site of Legoland Windsor. Billed as "The African Adventure", the park included drive-through animal enclosures, aviaries, a dolphinarium and minor theme park rides.
The Zoo at Nay Aug
The Zoo at Nay Aug was located in Nay Aug Park in Scranton, Pennsylvania, United States. It once hosted the famous Tilly the elephant and Joshua the donkey. The zoo closed in 1988, and the newest elephant Toni was shipped to the National Zoo in Washington D.C. in 1989. The zoo remained closed until summer 2003, when it reopened as a smaller wildlife rehabilitation center. In an article in Time magazine, this zoo in 2008 was the 4th worst animal treatment (abuse) zoo in America. In 2009 the zoo once again closed, due to public outcry over conditions, with the site being given to Lackawanna College to use as a natural research center.
Zoo Labyrinth Boekelo 
Zoo Labyrinth Boekelo was in Enschede in the province of Overijssel, the Netherlands. It opened in 2005, and included a series of labyrinths and mazes to test the senses and help teach about nature. It also included a butterfly garden. The zoo was closed in 2012.
Zoological Garden of Hamburg
The Zoological Garden of Hamburg (German: Zoologischer Garten zu Hamburg) was a zoo in Hamburg, Germany that operated from 1863 until 1930. Its aquarium, which opened in 1864, was among the first in the world.
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