Belle Kearney

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Belle Kearney
Belle Kearney - Mississippi State Senator.jpg
Member of the Mississippi Senate
from the 18th district
In office
1924 - 1932
Personal details
Born(1863-03-06)March 6, 1863
Flora, Mississippi
DiedFebruary 27, 1939(1939-02-27) (aged 75)
Jackson, Mississippi
Political partyDemocratic

Carrie Belle Kearney (March 6, 1863 - February 27, 1939) was an American temperance reformer, suffragist, teacher, white supremacist, and the first woman elected to the Mississippi State Senate.[1]

Early life[edit]

Kearney was born on her family's plantation in Flora, Mississippi. Her father, Walter Guston Kearney, was a successful slave-owning planter who suffered significant financial losses after the Civil War.[2]

Belle Kearney attended Canton Young Ladies' Academy, but was forced to leave due to the cost of tuition. She educated herself, and opened a private school in a spare bedroom of the plantation house. She later began teaching in the public school system.[2]

Activism, beliefs and works[edit]

Kearney was a Methodist, and a member of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. She was also active in the American suffrage movement, and was hired as a speaker and lobbyist by the National American Woman Suffrage Association. In this role, she traveled throughout the United States, Canada, and Europe, and was a respected orator.[1]

Kearney was a white supremacist, and used her public speaking events to advocate her racial views. While delivering the keynote address at the National American Woman Suffrage Association Convention in 1903, she said that women's suffrage would bring about "immediate and durable white supremacy, honestly attained".[2]

Kearney authored two novels: A Slaveholder's Daughter (1900), and Conqueror or Conquered: Or, the Sex Challenge Answered (1921). She also edited Mama Flower (1918).[3]

Elected office[edit]

In 1922, Kearney ran unsuccessfully for the office of U.S. Senator from Mississippi.

In 1924, she was elected to the Mississippi State Senate as a Democrat representing Madison County, the first woman in Mississippi to hold that office.[1]


Kearney never married and had no children. She spent her last years on the family plantation in Flora, and died of cancer in 1939 at the home of a friend in Jackson. She was buried in Kearney Cemetery near the family plantation.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Carrie Belle Kearney". National Women's History Museum. Retrieved May 2014. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ a b c Lemon, Armistead; Henderson, Harris. "Belle Kearney, 1863-1939". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved May 2014. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ a b Gandy, Sheena (January 2008). "Biography of Belle Kearney". Mississippi Writers & Musicians.