Belle Tout lighthouse
Belle Tout Lighthouse in August 2013
|Heritage||Grade II listed building|
The Belle Tout lighthouse (also spelled Belle Toute lighthouse) is a decommissioned lighthouse and British landmark located at Beachy Head, East Sussex close to the town of Eastbourne. It has been called "Britain's most famous inhabited lighthouse" because of its striking location and use in film and television. In 1999, the Grade II listed building was moved in one piece to prevent it from succumbing to coastal erosion.
Beachy Head saw numerous shipwrecks in the 17th and early 18th centuries and a petition to erect a lighthouse started around 1691. The calls were ignored for over 100 years until The Thames, an East Indiaman, crashed into the rocks of Beachy Head. The petition gained momentum with the support of a Captain of the Royal Navy and Trinity House, the official lighthouse authority, agreed to attend to the matter. Having witnessed the incident himself, John 'Mad Jack' Fuller, MP for Sussex, used his influence and some of his personal wealth to fund the lighthouse construction. The first Belle Tout lighthouse was a temporary wooden structure that started service on 1 October 1828. The construction of the permanent granite lighthouse began in 1829 and it became operational on 11 October 1834. Its use of 30 oil lamps meant that the lighthouse would require 2 gallons of oil every hour.
Decommission and sale
The lighthouse was not as successful as had been hoped, with two significant flaws leading to an alternative being sought. The cliff-top location caused problems when sea mists obscured the light, significantly reducing the distance that it would reach. Vessels that sailed too closely to the rocks would not be able to see the light because it was blocked by the edge of the cliff. However, the cliffs of Beachy Head suffered intense coastal erosion over the years and the rocky area started to be covered by the light.
The Belle Tout was in service until 2 October 1902, when a new lighthouse was built at the bottom of the cliffs, known simply at the Beachy Head Lighthouse. Trinity House sold off the building in 1903, after which time it changed hands several times. One purchaser was Sir James Purves-Stewart, who constructed an access road and upgraded the building. A photo of Sir James and Lady Purves-Stewart at Belle Tout is shown.
During the Second World War the building was left empty. It was badly damaged by Canadian artillery fire, although the lighthouse itself was not the target: the guns were firing at wooden silhouettes of tanks which ran up the hill along rails to the east of building. The trace of the railway track is still discernible. After the local council took ownership in 1948, the decision was made to restore the lighthouse because of its historical significance. Building work was carried out under lease in 1956 and the lighthouse was brought up to date with modern amenities.
In 1986, the BBC purchased the lease to Belle Tout for the filming of mini-series The Life and Loves of a She-Devil and a year later it featured in the James Bond film The Living Daylights. From 1996 the lighthouse has been used as a family home and, in 2007, the building was put up for sale again. It now includes six bedrooms and large walled gardens.
The lighthouse was further immortalised in the song "Belle Tout" by British rock band Subterraneans, and in the movie B Monkey starring Asia Argento. The glass round room which once housed the light itself was featured on the popular BBC television show Changing Rooms, wherein it was re-designed by celebrity interior designer Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen.
By 1999 the erosion of the cliffs was threatening the foundations of the building and drastic steps had to be taken to stop it from falling into the sea. On 17 March 1999 in a remarkable feat of engineering work the Belle Tout was moved 17 metres (56 ft) away from the cliff face. The 850-ton lighthouse was moved using a pioneering system of hydraulic jacks which pushed the building along four steel-topped concrete beams that were constantly lubricated with grease, work undertaken by the engineering firm Abbey Pynford The site should now be safe for many years and has been designed to enable further moves as and when they are required.
Belle Toute Lighthouse Preservation Trust
The "Belle Toute Lighthouse Preservation Trust" was formed in 2007 to bring together a non-profit organisation that could raise the funds to purchase the lighthouse so that it can be opened as a tourist attraction and Bed and Breakfast. The trust was wound up in May 2008.
Restoration and conversion to a bed and breakfast
In January 2010, the lighthouse appeared on Channel 5 in a programme named Build a New Life in the Country. This showed how it was purchased in 2008 and converted into a luxury bed and breakfast. It had been bought for £500,000 and a further £700,000 was spent restoring it. The original access road was too close to the edge of the cliff; the payment of an easement fee to build a new road had to be negotiated with the local council.
- Purnell, Sonia. The Telegraph. 20 May 2007. "The rewards of life on the edge". Accessed 2 August 2007.
- "Belle Tout Lighthouse - Eastbourne". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Wassell, Rob. "The History of Belle Toute Lighthouse". belletoute.org.uk. Belle Toute Lighthouse Preservation Trust. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
- Wright, Elizabeth (October 2006). "Belle Tout: The Little Lighthouse That Moved". Time Travel - Britain.com. Retrieved 6 August 2007.
- "Inside Out - Sussex follies and Mad Jack". BBC. 30 January 2006. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
- Ockenden, Michael (2006), Canucks by the Sea, Eastbourne Local History Society, ISBN 0-9547647-1-4
- BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Specials | Set99 | Lighthouse megamove complete
- Marzouk, Lawrence (2 June 2008). "Sussex lighthouse to be turned into B&B". The Argus. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- BBC News. 19 March 1999. "Lighthouse megamove complete". Accessed 2 August 2007.
- Wassell, Bob. "Welcome to Belle Toute Lighthouse Information Resource". belletoute.org.uk. Belle Toute Lighthouse Preservation Trust. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- FiveTV. Channel 5 build a new life in the country. Accessed 22 January 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Belle Tout Lighthouse.|
- Channel 5 build a new life in the country
- Belle Toute Lighthouse Information Resource (formerly the Preservation Trust website)
- The Office Belle Tout Lighthouse Unique Bed & Breakfast website