Houses beside Bellerby village green
|Bellerby shown within North Yorkshire|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Bellerby is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England, about seven miles south-west of Richmond. The village has one pub, the Cross Keys, a small and historic Anglican church and a Methodist chapel. It is 1.5 miles from the market town of Leyburn. Bellerby is approximately 250 miles north of London. Bellerby is situated 205 metres above sea level and is surrounded by low-lying hills with an open south-easterly aspect. Moorland is located to the North and the West of the village. Becks are an attractive feature of the village, which boasts many. The residents of Bellerby are also proud of their large population of ducks who thrive in the becks and in the suitable gardens of many friendly residents. The closest big town is Leyburn.
Population and history
Between 1870 and 1872 Bellerby was described as
- "a township-chapelry in Spennithorne parish, N. R. Yorkshire; 1½ mile N of Leyburn r. station".
According to the 2011 census Bellerby had a population of 364 people. This is an increase of the noted population 130 years earlier in 1881 at 311 people residing within Bellerby. The population of the village decreased to 266 in 1901, proceeding to stay low until 1931 when the population peaked at 370 people. The population then decreased to 318 in 1961 and appears to have remained constant ever since. The population of Bellerby could have decreased in the early 1900s due to a large proportion of people migrating from the UK (and from all over Europe) to America seeking job opportunities and to experience the ever expanding American cities such as New York. Another reason for the decrease of the village population could be Urbanisation. Because urbanisation offers many job opportunities and the prospect of a better and more fulfilled life within the city many villagers and people who had formerly lived in rural areas of the UK migrated to the bigger cities.
Bellerby is mentioned in the Domesday Book. In the book Bellerby was known as Belgebi. The book describes Bellerby as being medium by having a population of 15 households, and the total tax assesd as large (6 geld units). The households are broken down into 13 villagers and 2 smallholders. Bellerby's Value to the Lord in 1066 is noted as £1.6 and its Value to lord in 1086 remains the same. Bellerby had 6 ploughlands (ploughs possible), 1 lord's plough team, 4 men's plough teams and an 8-acre meadow. The Lord in 1066 was Thor. The Lord in 1086 was Enisant Musard. The Tenant-in-chief in 1086 was Count Alan of Brittany. Phillimore reference: 6N104
According to the 2011 census which shows the age structure of the people who live in Bellerby we can assume that this village is affluent and gentrified. As you can see on the graph to the right 24.9% of the people living in Bellerby are aged 45 – 59 and 14.8% aged 65 – 74. 95.1% of the people living in Bellerby in 2011 were born in England (the remaining people being from Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and other EU countries) which suggests that the people living in Bellerby have no cultural affluence and are traditionally British.
The diagram shows the age structure of Bellerby during 2011.
Dwellings, household spaces and accommodation
In 2011, Bellerby had a count of 193 dwellings within its boundaries. 100% of these dwellings were recorded as unshared. 88 of these dwellings were detached household spaces, 63 semi-detached and 41 terraced with no purpose built flats or apartments. 1 of these dwellings was recorded as a flat, maisonette or apartment as part of a converted or shared house. This suggests that the residents of Bellerby are middle to upper class as many of the households are detached with no apartment blocks in the area.
In 2011 Bellerby had 280 usual residents (aged 16 – 74). 32 of these residents worked part-time, 104 worked full-time, 58 were self-employed, 7 were unemployed, 1 was a full-time student and 70 were retired. This suggests that many of the residents residing in Bellerby are middle to elderly. This data also suggests that Bellerby is an economically stable area with a low percentage of unemployed people.
In Bellerby there are 145 usual male residents and 135 usual female residents. 64 of the male residents are employed in a full-time job, and 40 of the females are employed in a full-time job. None of the males in Bellerby are unemployed to stay at home to look after their family compared to 1 female who is unemployed and stays at home to look after family. This suggests that Bellerby has a strong working economy where the majority of residents are employed. 36 of the male residents in Bellerby are self-employed compared to 22 of the female residents. The diagram on the right shows the percentages of different housing types in Bellerby.
St. John's Church
The church of St. John the Evangelist was blessed on 24 March 1874. It has three buildings, the first of the three buildings was built before 1801. The present church was designed to be more colourful than her predecessor, with stained glass windows showing the birth, death and resurrection of Jesus. Bellerby was first documented in the Domesday Book in 1806, and originally in the Parish of Spennithorne. It is recorded that the parishioners of Bellerby and Skeltoncote sent a petition to the Pope in Rome in 1474 (Pope Sixtus IV), asking him to sponsor the use of a chapel in Bellerby for Mass and the appointment by the Rector of Spennithorne of a priest to serve the Chapel, and provided him with a home in Bellerby. In 1847 Belleby chapel was licensed for Baptisms, Marriages, Burials, and this is also when the registers began. After a lot of fund raising on the parish's behalf, the church was restored with a new roof and decoration inside. In January 2006, a carpet was fitted with in St. John's Church.
Bellerby has experienced severe floods across its history. The most recent flood occurred during October 2012 and was said to be the second great flood since the 1930s. The flood occurred due to a months worth of rain falling over a 24-hour period. Consequently, some of the homes in Bellerby were flooded by up to three feet of water. Bellerby's monthly average temperatures for 2012 averaged with those of the UK as a whole as shown in the diagram on the left.
- "Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
- "Bellerby Village". Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Wilson, John (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullarton and Co. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- "Bellerby (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- "Bellerby Tn/CP through time". Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- "Immigration in the early 20th Century". Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- Bellerby in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- "Age Structure, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Country of Birth, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "Economic Activity, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "Economic Activity – Males, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
- "Economic Activity – Females, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "History of St John's Bellerby". Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Sedgwick, Philip. "Action over floods discussed in village". Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Floods from Northumberland to North Yorkshire". Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Met Office". Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- "Accu Weather". Retrieved 14 February 2013.