Bellerive Country Club
|Location||Town and Country, Missouri|
|Established||1897, 120 years ago
1960 (current course)
|Tournaments hosted||1965 U.S. Open
1992 PGA Championship
2018 PGA Championship
|Designed by||Robert Trent Jones|
|Length||7,547 yards (6,901 m)|
Bellerive Country Club is a golf country club in the central United States, located in Town and Country, Missouri, a suburb west of St. Louis. With the Old Warson, Westwood, and St. Louis country clubs, it is considered one of the "big four" old-line elite St. Louis clubs. The course has hosted two major championships: the U.S. Open in 1965 and the PGA Championship in 1992. A third, the 100th PGA Championship, is scheduled for 2018.
The club opened 120 years ago in 1897 as The Field Club, founded by several St. Louis sportsmen who wanted a place for golf and other leisure activities. Northwest of St. Louis, the course featured nine holes until another nine were added some years later. It was built on land leased from the estate of War of 1812 war hero Daniel Bissell.
In 1910, the club moved to nearby Normandy and renamed the Bellerive Country Club after Louis Groston de Saint-Ange de Bellerive, the last French governor of Illinois Country in 1765. With a Georgian-style clubhouse, Bellerive's first notable event was the 1949 Western Amateur Championship. Four years later, it hosted the PGA Tour's Western Open, won by E.J. "Dutch" Harrison.
In 1957, Bellerive put its 125-acre (0.5 km2) Normandy site on the market for $1.3 million. At the same time, the Normandy School District began discussing the need for establishing a junior college as an affordable alternative to the privately-owned Washington University and Saint Louis University. The club lowered the price to $600,000 and the Normandy Residence Center opened in a renovated clubhouse in 1960 with classes taught by the University of Missouri; the campus became the University of Missouri–St. Louis in 1963 and the nearby village is Bellerive.
In 1959, the club moved southwest to its current site in the suburb of Town and Country. Robert Trent Jones designed the new course, which opened 57 years ago in 1960 on Memorial Day. Five years later, Bellerive hosted its first USGA championship and major championship, the U.S. Open in 1965, in which Gary Player won in a Monday playoff over Kel Nagle. It was the first U.S. Open scheduled for a Sunday final round; previously the third and fourth rounds were played on Saturday. Player was the first foreign-born player to win the U.S. Open in 38 years, and completed the career Grand Slam at age 29, a year before Jack Nicklaus did. It was the fifth of Player's nine major titles and his only victory in the U.S. Open; he won with fiberglass-shafted golf clubs donated his winner's check to charity.
Bellerive hosted the inaugural U.S. Mid-Amateur in 1981, won by Jim Holtgrieve, and its second major with the PGA Championship in 1992. Nick Price won the first of his three majors with a score of 278 (–6), three strokes ahead of four runners-up.
The 1999 U.S. Mid-Amateur was held at Old Warson, and Bellerive was used in the 36-hole stroke play qualifying portion. In 2001, the course was ready for the WGC-American Express Championship in mid-September, but it was cancelled after the September 11 attacks, which occurred during the Tuesday practice round. The U.S. Senior Open, a senior major, was held at the course in 2004 and won by Peter Jacobsen.
The course hosted the BMW Championship (formerly the Western Open) in September 2008, the third of the four-part FedEx Cup playoffs. The top seventy players on the points list competed for the final thirty spots in The Tour Championship, and it was won by Camilo Villegas. Bellerive hosted another senior major in 2013, the Senior PGA Championship, won by Japanese pro Kohki Idoki, and will again be the site of the PGA Championship in 2018.
|1965||U.S. Open||Gary Player|
|1992||PGA Championship||Nick Price|
|2004||U.S. Senior Open||Peter Jacobsen|
|2008||BMW Championship||Camilo Villegas|
|2013||Senior PGA Championship||Kōki Idoki|
|2018||PGA Championship||August 9–12|
- Bold indicates major championship
Bellerive is a long course, measuring 7,547 yards (6,901 m) from the championship tees and 6,976 yards (6,379 m) from the members' tees, at par 72. However, the 10th hole is often played as a par 4, making the course a par 71. Bellerive has a course and slope rating of 76.3/141 from the championship tees. It has six par fours that measure over 450 yards (410 m) from the championship tees, the fifth-most among courses that have hosted the U.S. Open. The longest of these is the 519-yard (475 m) tenth hole, which doglegs left around a bunker and then heads downhill across a creek that crosses the fairway about 30 yards (27 m) from the green.
Bellerive was built around a large creek that comes into play on nine of the holes. Water hazards come into play on 11 holes, and the course is known for its large and undulating greens. Bent grass is used for the greens, and zoysia grass is used for the fairways.
The entire course underwent a $9.5 million renovation in 2005-06 because the county needed to install new sewer lines under most of the course, not to prepare for the BMW Championship. The redesign was done by Rees Jones, who lengthened and toughened U.S. Open courses Winged Foot and Torrey Pines Golf Course. The most notable renovations that the "Open Doctor" imposed on Bellerive can be found on holes 2, 7, and 8. Hole 2 used to be tight par 4 with a sharp dogleg left around a group of trees and small lake with a prominent bunker guarding the right side. Jones removed the trees along the left and expanded the lake to create a risk-reward tee shot. The lake now stretches all the way to the green, creating a difficult back left pin position.
For Hole 7, which used to be a straight but narrow par 4 with bunkers guarding both sides of the landing area, Jones recreated the bunker complex on the right side of the hole to punish any player who bails out of a swing. Jones also moved the green back and to the left in order to bring the creek into play, once again, creating a tough back left pin location.
Hole 8 has always been one of the toughest on the course due to the double dogleg (first left and then right) and creek that lines the right side. Prior to Jones' redesigns, the tee boxes for the hole were all on the left side of the creek which meant that the tee shot needed to be a right-to-left hook that curved around the trees on the left, but avoided the creek on the right. The creek on the right was lined with mature trees which sometimes knocked errant shots headed for doom back onto the fairway in prime position. Jones eliminated this randomness in his redesign by cutting down the majority of the trees that lined the creek. Also, Jones moved the back tees to the right side of the creek so a straighter drive would function. However, Jones added a deep, massive bunker on the inside (left) of the first dogleg to punish the greedy player. The bunker has since been removed and the fairway has been widened. This gives players a better chance to reach the green in two strokes.
Hole 11 has also undergone a few minor changes. All of the tee boxes have been moved up roughly 50 yards, creating a risk reward driveable par 4.
Other renovations include,
- Hole 1 (fairway and green bunker complexes)
- Hole 3 (tee boxes)
- Hole 4 (fairway and green bunker complexes)
- Hole 5 (green bunker complexes)
- Hole 6 (green redesign and bunker complexes)
- Hole 9 (fairway and green bunker complexes)
- Hole 10 (fairway and green bunker complexes)
- Hole 11 (fairway and green bunker complexes)
- Hole 12 (fairway and green bunker complexes, and tee boxes)
- Hole 13 (green bunker complexes)
- Hole 14 (fairway and green bunker complexes, tree removal)
- Hole 15 (fairway and green bunker complexes)
- Hole 16 (green bunker complexes)
- Hole 17 (fairway and green bunker complexes, lake removal)
- Hole 18 (fairway and green bunker complexes)
|Black||76.5 / 141||438||413||194||575||473||215||397||618||445||3768||519||376||482||184||415||494||237||608||464||3779||7547|
|Gold||75.7 / 137||435||407||188||562||468||209||391||610||437||3707||515||374||452||180||410||490||232||597||460||3710||7417|
|Blue||73.3 / 133||420||375||177||547||438||189||373||555||408||3482||515||342||417||164||381||449||196||591||422||3477||6959|
|Green||71.2 / 128||392||341||149||514||374||166||342||549||388||3215||506||326||374||156||372||423||175||531||403||3266||6481|
|White||69.0 / 127||383||323||115||488||346||136||335||507||349||2982||471||291||366||129||343||373||164||509||388||3034||6016|
|Silver||72.0 / 127||346||323||115||449||329||136||294||462||297||2751||410||291||366||129||255||260||126||509||305||2651||5402|
|Red||70.5 / 125||346||277||88||449||329||112||294||462||297||2654||410||259||306||123||255||260||126||419||305||2463||5117|
- "Course Rating and Slope Database™ - Bellerive Country Club". USGA. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
- Jeannette Cooperman (July 31, 2006). "Dinner at the Club, Darling?". St. Louis. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Wright, Alfred (June 28, 1965). "Two foreign blokes shock the slammers". Sports Illustrated. p. 24.
- MacDonald, Jim (June 22, 1965). "Foreign aid plan reversed: Player repays 'American kindness' by donating purse". Toledo Blade. Ohio. p. 20.
- Blum, Ronald (September 12, 2001). "Sports takes pause as country comes to grips with terrorism". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. p. 1E.
- Salter, Jim (August 2, 2004). "Jacobsen walks off with first major title". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. p. E1.
- "2004 U.S. Senior Open - Course". www.ussenioropen.com. 2006. Archived from the original on 12 June 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-08.
- "Bellerive Country Club". PGATOUR.com. 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-08.
- "PGA Tour changes off course for local fans". Wisconsin State Journal. 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-05-17. Retrieved 2006-07-08.
- "Camilo Villegas - Scorecard". Yahoo Sports. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- "Bellerive Country Club". GOLFCOURSE.com. 2006. Archived from the original on 2000-03-11. Retrieved 2006-07-08.
- "Course tour". Bellerive Country Club. Retrieved August 14, 2017.