Bellingshausen Station

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Location of King George Island in the South Shetland Islands.

Bellingshausen Station is a Russian (formerly Soviet) Antarctic station at Collins Harbour, on King George Island of the South Shetland Islands. It was one of the first research stations founded by the Soviet Antarctic Expedition in 1968. It is also the location of Trinity Church, the only permanently staffed Eastern Orthodox church in Antarctica.

The station is named for the 19th-century Russian explorer of the Antarctic Fabian von Bellingshausen.

The station is connected by unimproved roads to the nearby stations: Chilean Base Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chinese Great Wall Station, and Uruguayan Artigas Base.[1]

It is antipodal to a location in Russian Siberia.

The station made an appearance during an episode of Syfy's Destination Truth when Josh Gates and his team visited the station when they were investigating nearby Deception Island for paranormal activity. They interviewed the scientists and were given a tour of the base.

The band Metallica visited there in December 2013.[2]

Climate[edit]

The Antarctic Peninsula and its nearby islands are considered to have the mildest living conditions in Antarctica. The average temperature around the station in the coldest month (August) is -6.8°С (19.76°F), and +1.1°С (34°F) in February, the warmest. Russian polar residents have nicknamed the Bellingshausen Station "kurort" (Russian: курорт), which is a German loan word meaning "resort".

Bellingshausen Station's climate is strongly modified by the marine influences from the surrounding ocean.[3] Under the (Köppen climate classification, the station has a tundra climate (ET).[4] Variation in temperatures are small with the coldest month, July averaging −6.5 °C (20.3 °F) and 1.5 °C (34.7 °F) in the warmest month.[5] With only 591.3 hours of sunshine per year, the weather is often unsettled and cloudy throughout the year with precipitation in the form of snow, rain and drizzle occurring often.[3] On average, 729 mm of precipitation falls per year.[3]

Climate data for Bellingshausen Station (1968–2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
3.3
(37.9)
2.1
(35.8)
0.2
(32.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−3.8
(25.2)
−3.6
(25.5)
−2.0
(28.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
0.4
(32.7)
2.0
(35.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
1.5
(34.7)
0.4
(32.7)
−1.7
(28.9)
−3.6
(25.5)
−5.6
(21.9)
−6.5
(20.3)
−6.2
(20.8)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
−1.1
(30)
0.4
(32.7)
−2.3
(27.9)
Average low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
0.1
(32.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
−8.3
(17.1)
−9.7
(14.5)
−9.3
(15.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
−4.7
(23.5)
−2.7
(27.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.5
(23.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 54.4
(2.142)
66.4
(2.614)
72.1
(2.839)
65.6
(2.583)
60.6
(2.386)
53.4
(2.102)
60.5
(2.382)
62.1
(2.445)
59.8
(2.354)
54.6
(2.15)
46.7
(1.839)
46.0
(1.811)
702.2
(27.646)
Average relative humidity (%) 87.8 88.8 88.3 88.0 88.2 87.6 88.5 88.6 89.6 88.8 88.4 88.3 88.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 89.3 66.2 54.4 28.4 13.9 3.8 9.0 28.5 48.1 70.9 83.2 95.5 591.2
Source: Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute[5]

Gallery[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

On January 21, 2014, well-known American tattoo artist, Lyle Tuttle, set up an impromptu tattoo station in a scientist's guesthouse where he tattooed his signature tattoo—his autograph—on project assistant/tattoo historian Dr. Anna Felicity Friedman, making him the first person to tattoo on all 7 continents.

References[edit]

  1. ^ USAIT 2006
  2. ^ "Metallica.com". metallica.com. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c "Station Bellingshausen". Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  4. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. 
  5. ^ a b "Bellingshausen station (89050)". Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 62°12′S 58°58′W / 62.200°S 58.967°W / -62.200; -58.967