Bellingshausen Station

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Bellingshausen Station
Antarctic base
Bellingshausen base in winter
Bellingshausen base in winter
Location of Bellingshausen Station in Antarctica
Location of Bellingshausen Station in Antarctica
Bellingshausen Station
Location of Bellingshausen Station in Antarctica
Coordinates: 62°11′55″S 58°57′38″W / 62.198591°S 58.960547°W / -62.198591; -58.960547Coordinates: 62°11′55″S 58°57′38″W / 62.198591°S 58.960547°W / -62.198591; -58.960547
Country  Russia
Location in Antarctica Collins Harbour
King George Island
South Shetland Islands
Administered by Russian Antarctic Expedition
Established 1968 (1968)
Named for Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Type All year-round
Period Annual
Status Operational
Website Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute

Bellingshausen Station is a Russian (formerly Soviet) Antarctic station at Collins Harbour, on King George Island of the South Shetland Islands. It was one of the first research stations founded by the Soviet Antarctic Expedition in 1968. It is also the location of Trinity Church, the only permanently staffed Eastern Orthodox church in Antarctica.

Location of King George Island in the South Shetland Islands.

The station is named for the 19th-century Russian explorer of the Antarctic Fabian von Bellingshausen.

The station is connected by unimproved roads to the nearby stations: Chilean Base Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chinese Great Wall Station, and Uruguayan Artigas Base.[1]

It is antipodal to a location in Russian Siberia.

Climate[edit]

The Antarctic Peninsula and its nearby islands are considered to have the mildest living conditions in Antarctica. Bellingshausen Station's climate is strongly influenced by the surrounding ocean.[2] Under the Köppen system, it is one of the few locations in Antarctica classified as a tundra climate rather than an ice cap climate.[3] Variation in temperatures are small with the coldest month, July averaging −6.5 °C (20.3 °F) and 1.5 °C (34.7 °F) in the warmest month.[4] With only 591.3 hours of sunshine per year, the weather is often unsettled and cloudy throughout the year with precipitation in the form of snow, rain and drizzle occurring often.[2] On average, 729 mm of precipitation falls per year.[2]

Climate data for Bellingshausen Station (1968–2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
3.3
(37.9)
2.1
(35.8)
0.2
(32.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−3.8
(25.2)
−3.6
(25.5)
−2.0
(28.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
0.4
(32.7)
2.0
(35.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
1.5
(34.7)
0.4
(32.7)
−1.7
(28.9)
−3.6
(25.5)
−5.6
(21.9)
−6.5
(20.3)
−6.2
(20.8)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
−1.1
(30)
0.4
(32.7)
−2.3
(27.9)
Average low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
0.1
(32.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
−8.3
(17.1)
−9.7
(14.5)
−9.3
(15.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
−4.7
(23.5)
−2.7
(27.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.5
(23.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 54.4
(2.142)
66.4
(2.614)
72.1
(2.839)
65.6
(2.583)
60.6
(2.386)
53.4
(2.102)
60.5
(2.382)
62.1
(2.445)
59.8
(2.354)
54.6
(2.15)
46.7
(1.839)
46.0
(1.811)
702.2
(27.646)
Average relative humidity (%) 87.8 88.8 88.3 88.0 88.2 87.6 88.5 88.6 89.6 88.8 88.4 88.3 88.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 89.3 66.2 54.4 28.4 13.9 3.8 9.0 28.5 48.1 70.9 83.2 95.5 591.2
Source: Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute[4]

Gallery[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

On January 21, 2014, American tattoo artist Lyle Tuttle set up an impromptu tattoo station in a scientist's guesthouse where he tattooed his signature tattoo—his autograph—on project assistant/tattoo historian Dr. Anna Felicity Friedman, making him the first person to tattoo on all seven continents.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ USAIT 2006
  2. ^ a b c "Station Bellingshausen". Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. Archived from the original on 16 April 2004. Retrieved 2 October 2016. 
  3. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L. & McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. 
  4. ^ a b "Bellingshausen Station (89050)". Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. 4 May 2004. Archived from the original on 15 May 2004. Retrieved 2 October 2016. 

External links[edit]