Bellingwolde

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Bellingwolde
Village
Outside of a brick farmhouse
An Oldambt farmhouse in Bellingwolde
Bellingwolde is located in Groningen (province)
Bellingwolde
Bellingwolde
Location of Bellingwolde in Groningen in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 53°7′00″N 7°9′55″E / 53.11667°N 7.16528°E / 53.11667; 7.16528Coordinates: 53°7′00″N 7°9′55″E / 53.11667°N 7.16528°E / 53.11667; 7.16528
Country Netherlands
Province Groningen
Municipality Bellingwedde
Area (2015)[1]
 • Total 451 ha (1,114 acres)
 • Land 445 ha (1,100 acres)
 • Water 6 ha (15 acres)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Total 2,400
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9695
Area code(s) 0597[2]

Bellingwolde (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌbɛlɪŋˈʋɔldə]) is a village with a population of 2,400 people in the municipality Bellingwedde in the Netherlands. It is situated in the southeast of the region Oldambt, in the north of the region Westerwolde, and in the east of the province Groningen, at the border with Germany.

The settlement dates back to the 11th century. It flooded multiple times until the 16th century. In the 18th and 19th century agriculture prospered and large farmhouses were built. It was a separate municipality until it merged with Wedde into Bellingwedde in 1968.

Bellingwolde has a state protected village area with several monumental farmhouses. Other attractions are the Magnus Church, the Law House, Veldkamp's Mill, and Museum de Oude Wolden. There are four primary schools and a secondary school in the village.

History[edit]

The origins of Bellingwolde, which was built on a sand ridge dividing the clay and peat ground, date back to the 11th century.[3]

The settlement flooded multiple times until parts of the Dollard were impoldered in the 16th century.[3]

The agricultural settlement started to prosper in the 18th century. Large farmhouses were built in the 19th century.[3]

Bellingwolde was a separate municipality until 1 September 1968, when it was merged with Wedde to form the new municipality Bellingwedde.[4] The former municipality contained the villages of Bellingwolde, Oudeschans, and Vriescheloo, and the hamlets of Klein-Ulsda and Rhederbrug.[5]

Geography[edit]

The location of the Bellingwolde neighbourhood (red) and the Bellingwolde district (red and pink) in the municipality of Bellingwedde

Bellingwolde is located at 53°7′13″N 7°10′19″E / 53.12028°N 7.17194°E / 53.12028; 7.17194 (53.12, 7.17) in the northeast of the municipality Bellingwedde in the east of the province Groningen in the northeast of the Netherlands. The village is in the southeast of the region Oldambt and in the north of the region Westerwolde, situated between the river Westerwoldse Aa in the west and the canal B.L. Tijdenskanaal in the east.

The nearest city Winschoten is 8 km to the west. In between Winschoten and Bellingwolde is the village Blijham. In the northwest it is close to the village Oudeschans, which previously was called Bellingwolderschans (Sconce of Bellingwolde). In the south Bellingwolde is connected with the village Vriescheloo and the hamlet Rhederbrug. Bellingwolde is at the border of the Netherlands and Germany. The nearest German city is Papenburg, 16 km to the east, and the closest village is Wymeer.

Bellingwolde is an administrative district (Dutch: wijk) and neighbourhood (Dutch: buurt). The Bellingwolde district has a total area of 4,364 ha (16.85 sq mi) of which 4,295 ha (16.58 sq mi) is land and 69 ha (0.27 sq mi) is water. It is one of three districts in the municipality of Bellingwedde, the other two being Oost and Blijham. The Bellingwolde district contains the neighbourhoods Bellingwolde, Vriescheloo, Rhederbrug (western part), Oudeschans, Klein-Ulsda, and some scattered houses. The Bellingwolde neighbourhood has a total area of 451 ha (1.74 sq mi) of which 445 ha (1.72 sq mi) is land and 6 ha (0.023 sq mi) is water.[1]

Demography[edit]

Bellingwolde neighbourhood
Age range Pct.[1]
0–15 years old 16%
15–25 years old 11%
25–45 years old 23%
45–65 years old 27%
65+ years old 23%

In 2015, the Bellingwolde neighbourhood had a total population of 2,400, of which 1,230 were men and 1,170 are women. The population density was 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi). Of the total population 43% was unmarried, 42% was married, 8% was widowed, and 7% was divorced. The district had 1,130 households, 37% were single-person households, 32% were multi-person households without children, and 30% were multi-person households with children. 20% of the total population was allochtoon, a person with at least one parent born outside the Netherlands. This percentage is divided into 10% Western allochtones[a] and 10% non-Western allochtones.[1]

In 2015, the Bellingwolde district had a total population of 4,205 and a population density of 96/km2 (250/sq mi).[1]

Culture[edit]

The 16th-century Magnus Church
The 17th-century Law House
Museum de Oude Wolden is a regional museum about the art and history of Oldambt and Westerwolde

Since 2009, Bellingwolde has a state protected village area (Dutch: beschermd dorpsgezicht)[6] with many monumental buildings among which are the Magnus Church (16th century), the Law House (17th century), the Veldkamp's Mill (19th century), and about twenty farmhouses.[7]

The Museum de Oude Wolden is a regional museum about the art and history of Oldambt and Westerwolde. It has a permanent exhibition of paintings by magic realist Lodewijk Bruckman and temporary exhibitions.[8]

There is a public library, which is opened three days per week.[9]

Infrastructure[edit]

The provincial road N969 connects Bellingwolde to Blijham in the west and Rhederbrug and the German border in the southeast.[10] The provincial road N973 connects Bellingwolde to Vriescheloo and Wedde in the southwest, but is discontinued as a numbered road in northeastern direction.[11] The nearest highway is the A7 (E22) with its nearest exit at Oudeschans just north of Bellingwolde.

The nearest railway is the Harlingen–Nieuweschans railway north of Bellingwolde, with its nearest stations in Winschoten and Bad Nieuweschans. There are two bus lines, operated by Qbuzz, passing through Bellingwolde and connecting it to nearby settlements and the two railway stations:

  • Line 12: Winschoten – Blijham – Bellingwolde – Blijham – Winschoten[12]
  • Line 811: Bad Nieuweschans – Klein-Ulsda – Oudeschans – Bellingwolde – Vriescheloo – Veelerveen – Vlagtwedde[13]

Education[edit]

There are four primary schools located in Bellingwolde. The three public schools are Oosterschool, Westerschool and Rhederbrug. The Protestant school is De Wegwijzer.[14]

The secondary school Dollard College has a location with 175 students in Bellingwolde.[15][16] At this school location, the students can do the first two years of vmbo, havo, and vwo, and the final two years of the vmbo theoretical program.[17]

There are no institutions for tertiary education located in Bellingwolde.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Western is used in the definition of Statistics Netherlands meaning from Europe, North-America, Oceania, Indonesia and Japan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f (Dutch) Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2015, Statistics Netherlands, 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  2. ^ (Dutch) Netnummer zoeken, Telefoonboek.nl. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  3. ^ a b c (Dutch) Ronald Stenvert, Chris Kolman, Ben Olde Meierink, Sabine Broekhoven, and Redmer Alma, "Bellingwolde", Monumenten in Nederland. Groningen, 1998. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  4. ^ (Dutch) Ad van der Meer & Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten 1812-2006, Data Archiving and Networked Services, 2006. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  5. ^ (Dutch) J. Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland, 1865-1870, "Bellingwolde". Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  6. ^ (Dutch) Aanwijzing beschermd dorpsgezichten Bellingwolde, gemeente Bellingwedde, Staatscourant, 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
  7. ^ (Dutch) Musea en monumenten, Municipality of Bellingwedde. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  8. ^ (Dutch) Programma, Museum de Oude Wolden, 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
  9. ^ (Dutch) Adresgegevens, Biblionet Groningen. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  10. ^ (Dutch) "Rhederweg afgesloten voor doorgaand verkeer", Westerwolde Actueel, 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  11. ^ (Dutch) Voordracht van Gedeputeerde Staten aan Provinciale Staten van Groningen betreffende de overdracht van het wegvak Wedde-Bellingwolde N973 aan de gemeente Bellingwedde, Province of Groningen, 2008. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  12. ^ (Dutch) Lijn 12 Ringlijn Winschoten Station - Bellingwolde, OV in Nederland.nl, 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  13. ^ (Dutch) Lijn 811 Bad Nieuweschans Busstation - Vlagtwedde Marke, OV in Nederland.nl, 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  14. ^ (Dutch) Basisonderwijs, Municipality Bellingwedde. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  15. ^ (Dutch) Voortgezet onderwijs, Municipality Bellingwedde. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  16. ^ (Dutch) Bellingwedde, Dollard College. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  17. ^ (Dutch) Algemene informatie, Dollard College. Retrieved 20 May 2013.

External links[edit]