Bellona, Campania

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Bellona
Comune
Comune di Bellona
Bellona is located in Italy
Bellona
Bellona
Location of Bellona in Italy
Coordinates: 41°10′N 14°14′E / 41.167°N 14.233°E / 41.167; 14.233
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province / Metropolitan city Caserta (CE)
Frazioni Triflisco
Government
 • Mayor Filippo Abbate
Area
 • Total 11.7 km2 (4.5 sq mi)
Elevation 63 m (207 ft)
Population (31 December 2014)[1]
 • Total 5,962
 • Density 510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bellonesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 81041
Dialing code 0823
Patron saint S. Secondino Vescovo
Saint day First Tuesday after Easter
Website Official website

Bellona is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Caserta in the Italian region Campania, located about 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Naples and about 14 kilometres (9 mi) northwest of Caserta.

Bellona borders the following municipalities: Camigliano, Capua, Pontelatone, Vitulazio.

History[edit]

The town takes its name from the Roman goddess Bellona, who had a temple devoted to her in the area. Recent excavations also have shown the likely presence of another temple of Mercury.

When the Saracens destroyed the ancient Capua in 841, some of their inhabitants moved to the Palmobara hill (the modern Bellon's frazione of Triflisco) founding the town of Sicopoli. This was also destroyed by the Saracens in 856. Bellona continued to be a frazione of Capua until the Nepoleonic Age (1806).

On 7 October 1943 German soldiers shot 54 of Bellona's citizens. Italian President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro awarded the town the Golden Medal of Military Valour to reward the town's contribution to the Resistance in World War II.

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.