From top, an areal view of Bellville CBD with Kogelberg Mountains and False Bay in distance. Bottom left, Bellville town center and TV tower as seen from Tielman Marais Park. Bottom right, University of the Western Cape Community and Health Sciences faculty at its Bellville campus.
|Municipality||City of Cape Town|
|• Total||52.39 km2 (20.23 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,100/km2 (5,600/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||15.7%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|Postal code (street)|
Bellville is a town and former independent city that is now incorporated into the City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality in the Western Cape province of South Africa. The town is an industrial and commercial node, a university town, and a major transportation hub within the Greater Cape Town metropolitan area.
The residential suburb of Bellville lies approximately 23 kilometres (14.3 mi) north-east of Cape Town and 38 kilometres (23.6 mi) south-west of Paarl set amongst the Tygerberg Hills with views over the Cape Fold Mountains. Vehicle registrations in Bellville start with CY which also covers the Tygerberg areas of Durbanville, Parow and Goodwood.
It was founded as "12 Mile Post" (Afrikaans: "12-Myl-Pos") because it is located 12 miles (20 km) from Cape Town city centre. It was first known as "Hardekraaltjie". Founded as a railway station on the line from Cape Town to Stellenbosch and Strand, it was renamed Bellville in 1861 after the surveyor-general Charles Bell.
Hospitals and educational institutes
The Karl Bremer Hospital functioned as the Academic Hospital for the University of Stellenbosch Medical School, but now the adjacent Tygerberg Hospital houses the medical school. Other hospitals in Bellville are: Mediclinic International Louis Leipoldt and Melomed. The Cape Peninsula University of Technology, University of the Western Cape, University of Stellenbosch Business School and Northlink College are also situated in Bellville. D.F. Malan High School, Bellville High School, Westcliff School of Skills, The Settlers High School and Stellenberg High School are located in the area. Primary Schools are: Bellpark, Bellville, Bellville-North, Boston, Eversdal, Excelsior, Kenridge, Mimosa, Totius, Belville Islamic Primary School, Vredelust and Welgemoed.
Other places of interest
The Bellville Velodrome is located in the Tyger Valley area of Bellville. The Bellville Velodrome has an indoor cycling track and is next to the Bellville athletics track that used to host the annual MTBS athletics competition. Bellville Mall, Tygervalley Shopping centre and Willow Bridge are shopping centres in Bellville. The last two shopping centres were built on the grounds that used to be a quarry and a jail.
Bellville is one of the main business nodes in the Greater Cape Town metropolitan area, home to the headquarters of major corporations such as insurance giant, Sanlam and its subsidiary Santam, Metropolitan, Pioneer Foods, Cipla South Africa, Medi-Rite, Footgear, Afrimat and the Bible Society of South, with most of these companies headquartered in the Tyger Valley commercial node.
Many provincial and local government departments maintain regional branches or other offices in Bellville such as Eskom, Department of Water and Sanitation (Western Cape), Water and Sanitation Department (City of Cape Town) and Electricity Services (City of Cape Town).
Bellville is situated in the northern suburbs of Cape Town, forming the central part of the suburban region, between the low-lying Cape Flats to the south and the rolling hills of Tygerberg to the north. It lies at an average altitude of about 80 m (262 ft) above sea level, with the altitude gradually rising towards the north where the suburb of Welgemoed on the slopes of the Tygerberg Hill lies at the highest altitude of 310 m (1017 ft). The town borders Durbanville to the north, Parow to the west, Brackenfell to the east, Kuilsrivier to the southeast and Belhar to the south.
The central business district of Bellville, also known as Bellville Central, situated along Voortrekker Road, is the traditional commercial hub of the town and contains several high-rise buildings and structures, with the Telkom communications tower dominating the skyline. The suburbs north of the N1 highway include the most wealthy and developed parts of the town, spreading north to the border with Durbanville and up the Tygerberg Hill which overlooks the Cape Town metropolitan area. The suburbs south of the CBD tend to be tend to be either solely industrial or solely residential and are included in one of Bellville’s lowest income brackets. The suburbs east and west of Bellville tend to be mostly quiet and established residential areas, with the exception of Stikland, an industrial area situated in the far east of Bellville.
- Harry de Villiers
- La Rochelle
- Shirley Park
- Amanda Glen
- Bellville Park
- De Bron
- Door de Kraal
- East Rock
- Glen Ive
- Oude Westhof
- Protea Valley
- Van Riebeeckshof
- Welgemoed Greens
- Bellville South
- Bellville South Industrial
- Blanc Kelly
- Sacks Circle Industrial
- Triangle Farm
- Bellville West
Bellville is a subhub for the Metrorail Western Cape with the Northern Line (Cape Town-Wellington) trains serving Bellville, Parow, Goodwood, Cape Town, Brackenfell, Kraaifontein, Paarl and Wellington. The smaller Bellville-Strand Line branches off from the Northern Line, serving Bellville, Kuilsrivier, Eersterivier, Stellenbosch (via Stellenbosch branch line), Somerset West and Strand.
Bellville is also a major hub for Transnet Freight Rail containing a major container terminal, Belcon, directly south of the CBD, officially opened by Transnet in 2010. The container terminal, which serves as a dry port is connected to the Port of Cape Town via rail, as well as the rest of South Africa by road and rail and acts as a break-of-bulk point for container trucks transporting goods to and from the Port of Cape Town.
The N1 is the major freeway that runs through Bellville, roughly running SW to NE from Cape Town to Paarl, separating Bellville Central from Bellville’s northern suburbs. The R300 (Kuils River Freeway) is a freeway in the east of Bellville starting at an interchange with the N1, heading south towards Mitchells Plain.
The R101 starts at the intersection with the M30 and runs north-east towards Brackenfell as Old Paarl Road. The R102 runs through the centre of Bellville from Parow in the west to Kuilsrivier in the south-east as Voortrekker Road (in Bellville Central) and Strand Road. The R302 is a major artery between Bellville and Durbanville, running north from Bellville Central as Durban Road, Willie van Schoor Avenue and Durbanville Avenue.
Bellville is also served by a network of metropolitan routes linking it to surrounding suburbs. The M10 connects Bellville with Cape Town International Airport to the south. The M16 connects Bellville with Durbanville to the north and Tygerberg Hospital to the south. The M23 connects Bellville with Stellenbosch to the south-east. The M25 connects Bellville with Brackenfell to the east. The M31 connects Bellville with Durbanville. The M73 connects Bellville with Brackenfell. The M124 connects Bellville with Durbanville. The M171 connects Bellville with Delft to the south. The town is also served internally by metropolitan routes including the M11 (provides a bypass to the south of Bellville Central), M30, M121 and M189.
Parks and Recreation
Bellville contains several public parks and recreational dams within its neighbourhoods most notably the Jack Muller Danie Uys Park in Boston, north of the town centre where the Parkrun Bellville takes place every Saturday, Majik Forest on the northern outskirts of Bellville, Door de Kraal Dam in the north of Bellville and Rosendal Dam in the north of Bellville. In addition, the Tygerberg Nature Reserve is set above Bellville on the Tygerberg Hills to the north-west and offers scenic views across the Greater Cape Town metropolitan area.
Golf is also one of the main recreational activities performed in Bellville with the Bellville Golf Club being the main golf course in the town, lying on the slopes of the northern suburb of Welgemoed and the Golf Village Tygervalley, a driving range in Tyger Valley.
The town was a constituency in the Cape Peninsula, Cape Town, Cape Province in the South African House of Assembly starting in 1933. The first elected member was FHP Creswell (b. 13 November 1866, d. 28 August 1948). In 1939 it was not a constituency any more. In 1953 it regained constituency status and JFW Haak won. Haak retained this until 1970, when Louis Pienaar took over from him. In 1975 AT van der Merwe took over from him.
Bellville was a municipality from 1940 to 1996, and was given the status of a city on 7 September 1979.
Mayors of Bellville
- 1940–1943 van Niekerk, Andries Joseph (born 14 May 1882, died 30 April 1953) married Athalia Solms (born 4 August 1876)
- 1943–1944 Blanckenberg, Josias Jacobus (born 10 March 1907, died 21 October 1992)
- 1944–1949 van Niekerk, Andries Joseph. Second term see no 1
- 1949–1950 Haak, Jan Friedrich Wilhelm (born 20 April 1917, died 16 February 1993) married Maria Smuts Theron (born 1 August 1917). Jan Haak was also the Minister of Economy in the South African Government from 1967 to 1970. He was also as member of the National Party, representing Bellville in Parliament.
- 1950–1952 Duminy, Hendrik Cornelis van Niekerk (born 6 September 1899, died 29 March 1974) married Frieda Moolman.
- 1952–1953 Sacks, Alec (born 14 April 1913.,died 29 May 1974) married Anita Joseph(born 15 March 1922)
- 1953–1954 West, Adam Johannes (born 7 August 1905, died 30 November 1983) married Maria Margaretha Visser. AJ West Street in Boston Bellville is named after him.
- 1954–1956 Barnard, Johannes Hendrik (born 3 September 1891, died 17 October 1956) married Lucia Ruth Mosel. Barnard Street in Oakdale Bellville is named after him.
- 1956–1958 Meyer, Petrus Hendrik (born 7 September 1926) married Stephanie Swart (born 20 November 1926)
- 1958–1961 van Riet, Willem Frederik (born 11 July 1910, died 9 December 1988) married Augusta Dorothy de Villiers (born 31 August 1909)
- 1961–1963 Pienaar, Michiel Hendrik de Wet (born 12 October 1900) married Anna Susanna Siebrits(born 22 May 1904) Mike Pienaar Boulevard in Bellville West is named after him.
- 1963–1966 Bezuidenhout, Willem Johannes (born 12 October 1900) married Mona Havenga (born 12 January 1903). Bill Bezuidenhout Avenue in Blomtuin Bellville is named after him.
- 1966–1969 Pienaar, Michiel Hendrik de Wet.Second term see no 11
- 1969–1971 Smit, Pieter Philip (born 8 March 1917, died 10 October 1997). The PP Smit sport fields in Durban Road Bellville is named after him.
- 1971–1973 Meyer, Martinus Daniel (born 21 June 1918) married Mary Elizabeth Weidemann (born 18 July 1925) . Tienie Meyer Bypass is named after him.
- 1973–1975 de Jager, Josephus Jacobus (born 9 December 1912, died 7 July 2000) married Helena Claudina Nel(born 8 August 1912). Jip de Jager Drive in Welgemoed Bellville is named after him.
- 1975–1977 Uys, Daniel(born 3 June 1932) married Beatrix Hendina Moorrees (born 5 September 1934). Danie Uys Park in Boston Bellville is named after him.
- 1977–1978 van Schoor, Daniel Willem Jacobus (born 31 March 1935, died 14 August 2001) married Johanna Elizabeth Coetzee (born 2 September 1937). Willie van Schoor Drive in Bellville is named after him.
- 1978–1979 de Jager, Josephus Jacobus. Second term see no 16
- 1979–1981 Meyer, Martinus Daniel Second term see no 15
- 1981–1983 Pienaar, Kristo Johannes (born 4 July 1922, died 6 April 1996) married Christina Wilhelmina van Rooyen (born 24 May 1921)
- 1983–1985 Uys, Daniel. Second term see no 17
- 1985–1986 Kleynhans, PH
- 1986–1987 Meyer, Martinus Daniel. Third term see no 15
- 1987–1989 Pienaar, Kristo Johannes. Second term see no 21
- 1989–1991 van Schoor, Daniel Willem Jacobus. Second term see no 18
- 1991–1994 Kempen, Abraham Petrus de Villiers (born 23 March 1920, died 29 June 2010) married Bramie Joubert (born 18 December 1919). The Awie Kempen Vehicle Testing Grounds is named after him.
- 1994–1996 Cronje, Carl Peter Roche (born 10 July 1932, died 2 November 2018) married Miriam Lauretta Sadie.(born 7 April 1933). Carl Cronje Drive is named after him.
In April 1982 P. W. Botha received honorary citizenship of the city.
Coat of arms
The municipal council assumed a coat of arms on 18 June 1947. It later altered the arms, three times, before settling on the final version in 1979. The shield was divided into twelve horizontal bars of red and gold, representing the original village name of "Twaalfmyl". A black vertical band ("pale") down the centre displayed two silver hawk's bells, between which was a small blue shield displaying a golden sheaf of wheat. The crest was a black eagle, and the motto Prendre sa belle. Some time later, the blue shield was removed, and the wheatsheaf was placed directly on the black pale. In 1957, the wheatsheaf was replaced with a third hawk's bell. This version of the arms, re-drawn by Ivan Mitford-Barberton, was registered with the Cape Provincial Administration in February 1959.
The final version of the arms, as amended by Cornelis Pama in 1979, replaced the hawk's bells with church bells. In this form, the arms were registered at the Bureau of Heraldry in February 1980. The registered blazon was : Barry of twelve Gules and Or, on a pale Sable three church bells Argent.
- In May 2007, Meg Ryan and William H. Macy completed the last day of photography for their movie, The Deal, at the Bellville Civic Centre.
- The novel 2 Dae in Mei (English: 2 Days in May) by Jaco Fouché takes place in Bellville.
- Neil de Kock - South Africa national rugby union team player
- Vernon Philander - South Africa national cricket team player
- Yolandi Potgieter - South Africa national women's cricket team player
- Con de Lange – South Africa national cricket team player
- "Main Place Bellville". Census 2011.
- "Melomed private hospital". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Bellpark Primary". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Eversdal Primary". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Kenridge Primary". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Laerskool Totius (Translated Totius Primary)". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Bellville Mall". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Tyger Valley". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Willow Bridge". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Bellville Public Library". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Bellville Swimming Pool". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Cool Runnings". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "PP Smit Sports Grounds". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Office Locations". Cipla South Africa. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
- "Contact us". www.biblesociety.co.za. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
- "Water and sanitation report" (PDF). dws.gov.za. Retrieved 10 May 2023.
- "Bellville topographic map, elevation, terrain". Topographic maps. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
- "Census 2011: Main Place: Bellville: Map". census2011.adrianfrith.com. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
- Overview transnetfreightrail-tfr.net
- "New Belcon terminal creates inland hub". Freight News. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 7 November 2023.
- "Jack Muller Park". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "home | Bellville parkrun | Bellville parkrun". www.parkrun.co.za. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
- "Tygervalley Driving Range | Golf in Cape Town | Golf Village | Mini Golf". Retrieved 10 May 2023.
- "Home". Bellville Golf Club. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
- Frederick Hugh Page Cresswell, Retrieved 25 April 2018[circular reference]
- van der Poel, J. (5 April 2007). Selections from the Smuts Papers: Volume 5, September 1919 – November 1934. Cambridge University Pressdate= 5 April 2007. ISBN 9780521033688.
- Schoeman, B.M. 1977. Parlementêre verkiesings in Suid-Afrika 1910–1976. Pretoria: Aktuele Publikasies
- Bellville Kiesafdeling (Bellville Ward), Retrieved 25 April 2018[circular reference]
- "HAAK, Jan Friedrich Wilhelm Inventory of documents". UFS.
- Jan Haak, Retrieved 25 April 2018[circular reference]
- Pfiser,R. (July 2005). South Africa and African States: From Pariah to Middle Power, 1962–1994. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 9781850436256.
- Western Cape Archives : Bellville Municipal Minutes (18. June 1947).
- Cape of Good Hope Official Gazette 2957 (6 February 1959).
- Strydom, C.J.S. (1981). Bellville'– Wordingsjare van 'n Stad :: Growth of a City.
- "National Archives of South Africa : Data of the Bureau of Heraldry". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Read an Excerpt from Twee Dae in Mei (Translated two days in May)". Retrieved 25 April 2018.