Belomorkanal (Russian: Беломорканал) is a cigarette brand originally made by the Uritsky Tobacco Factory in Leningrad, Soviet Union, since 1932. The brand was introduced to commemorate the construction of the White Sea–Baltic Canal, also known as the Belomorkanal. Process engineer Vasily Iohanidi was the creator of its tobacco blend, and the pack drawing was made by Andrey Tarakanov.
Belomorkanal is a cigarette of specific design called in Russian papirosa (папироса), different from usual cigarettes. Generally, the papirosa is without a filter. Belomorkanal is an example of one of the stages in the evolution of cigarettes: it is composed of a hollow cardboard tube extended by a thin cigarette paper tube with tobacco. The cardboard tube plays the role of a disposable cigarette holder. This method was abandoned by Western brands shortly after World War II. While smoking, the hollow part of the tube is usually compressed to make two separate perpendicular flat surfaces, for the sake of convenience. Belomorkanal are still produced in various post-Soviet republics, most notably in Russia, in Kamianets-Podilskyi (Ukraine) and in Hrodna (Belarus).
The brand became popular in most of the Soviet Bloc countries due to their low price. They are famed as one of the strongest cigarettes available in Eastern Europe (if not the strongest in the world). They were also pictured in many works of art and literature.
In a 1985 song by Jan Krzysztof Kelus, the name of the cigarettes is compared to Auschwitz Filters due to the fact that many thousands of Gulag prisoners had died during the construction of the canal.
- "Russia Marks 80th Anniversary of Opening of Belomorkanal", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 2 August 2013
- "Les Zeks du Canal de la mer Blanche : photographies" by Anne Brunswic and Nicolas Werth, Institut d'histoire du temps présent, 9 May 2015 (French)
- Bachurin, Mikhail. "Курите папиросы!" (in Russian). PakkoGraff #6, 2008. pp. 58–61.
- Dineeva, Nelly Rod (December 1999). "Adolescent Narcotism in Russia". Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems. 1 (2). p. 30. ISSN 1592-1638
- V. Anastasia (2003). "Cannibis Culture: Russia". in Dana Larsen. Grow Like a Pro: The Marijuana Advantage. Oakland, Calif.: Quick American. p. 52. ISBN 0-932551-60-2
- Jan Krzysztof Kelus; Tomasz Kobyliński (1985). "Papierosy Biełomor-Kanał" [Belomorkanal Cigarettes]. kelus.art.pl (in Polish). Warsaw: Polkobex. Retrieved 2011-09-15.
Tak, Heinz, Kanał Białomorski/ – nie ma co się łudzić –/ tam zginęło tak najmarniej/ pół miliona ludzi/ Powiedz Willy – jako Niemiec/ chyba byś się zrzygał/ płacąc za Auschwitze z filtrem/ markę i feninga[dead link]
- Martin Cruz Smith (1989). Polar Star. Random House. pp. passim.; Martin Cruz Smith (1992). Red Square. Random House. pp. passim.
- "Belomor by Nicolas Rothwell – review" by Alex Clark, The Guardian, 12 December 2013
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