Moscow Smolenskaya railway station
|Moscow Railway terminal|
View of the station's main entrance
|Location||7 Tverskaya Zastava Square, Moscow
Belorussky railway terminal (Russian: Белору́сский вокза́л, IPA: [bʲɛlaˈruskʲɪj vɐɡˈzɑl]) also known as Moscow Smolenskaya railway station (Russian: Москва́-Смоле́нская, Moskva-Smolenskaya) is one of nine railway terminals of Moscow. It was opened in 1870 and rebuilt in its current form in 1907-1912.
Belorussky railway station serves long distance trains to regions west and south-west of Moscow, and one train each to the north-east (on the Savyolovskiy branch to Rybinsk with continuing service to Uglich, Vesegonsk, and Pestovo) and to the south (to Anapa through Tula, Kursk, Voronezh, and Rostov-on-Don). The station also serves local commuter trains to Usovo, Odintsovo, Golitsyno, Kubinka I, Mozhaisk (including express service), Borodino, and Zvenigorod as well as the Aeroexpress service to Sheremetyevo Airport.
The station is not entirely a terminus station. A transit line continues on the Alekseevskaya Line. In addition, the station provides through service to Savyolovskaya and Kurskaya stations. Until 18 May 2015 a suburban train service also continued to Gagarin, and until the end of 2012 to Vyazma. Now the farthest station of commuter train service on this line is Mozhaisk. Approximately 1500 passengers per hour use Belorussky station.
Belorussky railway station is included in the Moscow Regional Directorate of the Directorate of railway stations. This station is part of the Moscow-Smolensk unit of DTSS-3, Moscow Directorate of Rail Traffic Control.
Construction of the railway from Moscow to Smolensk, and then to Minsk and Warsaw, started in the second half of the 1860s. Construction of the station, known as Smolensky, began in late April 1869. A grand opening of the Moscow-Smolensk railway took place on 19 September 1870, the station became the sixth in Moscow. In November 1871 after the extension of the railway to Belarus, the station was renamed Belorussky Station. On 15 May 1910 the right wing of the new station opened, and on 26 February 1912 the left wing opened. The station was designed by architect Ivan Strukov. On 4 May 1912 the railway was renamed the Alexander Railway, the station was renamed Alexander Station. In August 1922 the Alexander and the Moscow-Baltic railways were merged into the Moscow-Belarus-Baltic, so the station was renamed Belorussian-Baltic station. In May 1936 and, after yet another reorganization of the railways, the station received its present name - Belorussky Station.
In September 2007 OAO "Aeroexpress" began the reconstruction of the rail link to Sheremetyevo Airport. The cost of reconstruction at the Belorussky station was estimated at US$7.7 million and involved the construction of a new terminal, which has become one of the main links in rail traffic between Moscow and the airport. The new Belorussky terminal is located in the fourth hall of the railway station and occupies an area of 600 sq.m. Passengers departing from Sheremetyevo can check in for flights using the self-service kiosks. The terminal was opened on 27 August 2009.
In June 2008 construction of a new railway terminal complex at Sheremetyevo was completed. New purpose-built rolling stock, the electric ED4MKM-Aero developed by ZAO "Transmashholding" serves the line.
Baggage check-in at the city terminal was abolished on 1 December 2010 in connection with the sharp increase in the number of passengers. The one-way cost of the trip is 420 rubles (1000 rubles for business class).
Trains and destinations
|Train number||Train name||Destination||Operated by|
|001/002||Belarus (bel, rus: Беларусь)||Minsk (Main)||Belarusian Railways|
|003/004||Minsk (bel: Мінск, rus: Минск)||Minsk (Main)||Belarusian Railways|
|005/006||Lietuva (lit: Lietuva)||Vilnius||Lithuanian Railways|
|009/010||Polonez (pol: Polonez, rus: Полонез)||Warsaw (Zachodnia)|| Polish State Railways
|025/026||Svislach (bel: Свіслач, rus: Свислочь)||Minsk (Main)||Belarusian Railways|
|027/028||Brest (bel: Брэст, rus: Брест)||Brest||Belarusian Railways|
|029/030||Yantar (rus: Янтарь)||Kaliningrad||Russian Railways|
|039/040||Dzvina (bel: Дзвіна, rus: Двина)||Polotsk||Belarusian Railways|
|055/056||Sozh (bel, rus: Сож)||Gomel (cars: Salihorsk)||Belarusian Railways|
|077/078||Nyoman (bel: Нёман, rus: Неман)||Grodno||Belarusian Railways|
|601/602||Rybinsk (rus: Рыбинск)||Rybinsk (cars: Vesyegonsk, Pestovo, Uglich)||Russian Railways|
|603/604||Smolensk (rus: Смоленск)||Smolensk||Russian Railways|
|Austria||Innsbruck, Wien (Westbahnhof)|
|Czech Republic||Cheb, Prague|
|France||Nice (Ville), Paris (Gare de l'Est)|
|Germany||Berlin, Frankfurt, Hanover, Mannheim|
|Russia||Anapa, Arkhangelsk, Cherepovets, Usinsk, Vorkuta|
Some suburban commuter trains (elektrichka) also proceed to Savyolovsky Rail Terminal to the Savyolovo direction destinations (Dolgoprudny, Lobnya, Nekrasovsky, Iksha, Dmitrov, Taldom, Dubna) and to Kursky Rail Terminal to Kursk direction destinations (Shcherbinka, Podolsk, Serpukhov).
- A film "Belorussky station" was created in 1970 by Andrey Smirnov.
- "Расписание электричек по вокзалу Можайск". yandex.ru.
- "Расписание электричек: Москва (Белорусский вокзал)". yandex.ru.
- "Жд вокзал Москва Белорусский вокзал". nnov-airport.ru.
- "Структурные подразделения - ДЖВ". dzvr.ru.
- "Аэроэкспресс в Домодедово, Шереметьево, Внуково -". aeroexpress.ru.
- "French Riviera train for Russia". BBC News. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.
- "Aeroexpress from Belorussky station to Sheremetyevo airport schedule".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Belorussky Rail Terminal.|
- Official Belorussky station website (Russian)
- Российские Железные Дороги — Russian Railways (English) (Russian)
- Aeroexpress (English) (Russian)
- Беларуская Чыгунка — Belarusian Railways (English) (Russian)
- Lietuvos Geležinkeliai — Lithuanian Railways (English) (Lithuanian) (Russian)
- Polskie Koleje Państwowe SA — Polish State Railways (Polish)
- České dráhy — Czech Railways (Czech)