Belphegor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Belphegor
Sloth
Belphegor.jpg
Belphegor illustration from the Dictionnaire Infernal.
DayMarch 11
Personal information
SiblingsLucifer, Mammon, Leviathan, Satan, Asmodeus, Beelzebub
Belphegor by Jean Jacques Flipart.

In demonology, Belphegor (or Beelphegor, Hebrew: בַּעַל-פְּעוֹרBeʿl-peʿor - Lord of the Gap) is a demon, and one of the seven princes of Hell, who helps people make discoveries. He seduces people by suggesting to them ingenious inventions that will make them rich.

Bishop and witch-hunter Peter Binsfeld believed that Belphegor tempts by means of laziness.[1] Also, according to Peter Binsfeld's Binsfeld's Classification of Demons, Belphegor is the chief demon of the deadly sin known as Sloth in Christian tradition.[2]

History[edit]

Belphegor originated as Baal-Peor, the Moabite god to whom the Israelites became attached in Shittim (Numbers 25:3), which was associated with licentiousness and orgies. It was worshipped in the form of a phallus. As a demon, he is described in Kabbalistic writings as the "disputer", the counterpart of the sixth Sephiroth "beauty". When summoned, he can grant riches, the power of discovery and ingenious invention. His role as a demon was to sow discord among men and seduce them to evil through the apportionment of wealth.[citation needed]

According to Collin de Plancy's Dictionnaire Infernal, Belphegor was Hell's ambassador to France. Consequently, his adversary is Mary Magdalene, one of the patron saints of France.

Belphegor also figures in John Milton's Paradise Lost and in Victor Hugo's Toilers of the Sea.[citation needed] Belfagor arcidiavolo by the Italian diplomat Niccolò Machiavelli was first published in 1549 and regales how the demon comes to earth to find a mate. This story became the initial source material for Ottorino Respighi's opera Belfagor which premiered at La Scala in Milan in 1923.

In popular culture[edit]

  • Belphegor is a recurring playable demon in the Megami Tensei series, often appearing as sitting on a toilet

Belphegor also appears a character in the final season of the TV show Supernatural.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wendy Doniger (1999). Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions. Merriam-Webster. p. 287. ISBN 0-87779-044-2. Belphegor Demon.
  2. ^ Rosemary Guiley (2009). Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. Facts on File. pp. 28–29.
  3. ^ Bridget LaMonica (October 18, 2019). "Supernatural Season 15 Episode 2 Review: Raising Hell". Den of Geek. Retrieved August 23, 2020.