Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation
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The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (also known as the Belt and Road Forum or BaRF) is an international political and economical forum.
The event was first held on 14 and 15 May 2017 in Beijing, and drew 29 foreign heads of state and government and representatives from more than 130 countries and 70 international organizations.
Agenda and activities
The purpose of the forum is described by Wang Xiaotao, deputy head of the National Development and Reform Commission, in an interview with Xinhua as building "a more open and efficient international cooperation platform; a closer, stronger partnership network; and to push for a more just, reasonable and balanced international governance system." Western media coverage portrays the forum in a similar way with CNN referring to the event under the headline "China's new world order" and the Los Angeles Times running the article "Globalization 2.0: How China's two-day summit aims to shape a new world order".
There will be an opening ceremony and high level meetings including a plenary session and six parallel panel discussions during the first day. A round table summit will be held on the second day, chaired by President Xi Jinping with the participation of all attending heads of state and government and heads of the UN, World Bank, and International Monetary Fund. At the conclusion of the round-table summit, the body will issue a document agreeing to goals and principles for the initiative.
The forum will be a platform for working out action plans for implementation of the initiative in the areas of infrastructure, energy and resources, production capacity, trade and investment and identification of major projects. It is also intended to be an opportunity for the signing of cooperation agreements with countries and international organizations in the areas of financial cooperation mechanism; a cooperation platform for science, technology and environmental protection; and enhanced exchanges and training of talent and financing agreements for backing projects.
Heads of state and government
The forum is attended by 29 foreign heads of state and government and their respective delegations:
- Prime Minister Beata Szydło of Poland
- Prime Minister Viktor Orbán of Hungary
- Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić of Serbia
- Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras of Greece
- Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni of Italy
- Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy of Spain
- Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn of Ethiopia
- Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of Pakistan
- Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe of Sri Lanka
- Prime Minister Jargaltulga Erdenebat of Mongolia
- Prime Minister Hun Sen of Cambodia
- Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad of Malaysia
- Prime Minister Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama of Fiji
- State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar
- President Rodrigo Roa Duterte of the Philippines
- President Trần Đại Quang of Vietnam
- President Joko Widodo of Indonesia
- President Bounnhang Vorachith of Laos
- President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya
- President Vladimir Putin of Russia
- President Alexander Lukashenko of Belarus
- President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan
- President Shavkat Mirziyoyev of Uzbekistan
- President Almazbek Atambayev of Kyrgyzstan
- President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Turkey
- President Miloš Zeman of the Czech Republic
- President Doris Leuthard of Switzerland
- President Mauricio Macri of Argentina
- President Michelle Bachelet of Chile
Heads of international organizations
- Secretary-General of the United Nations, António Guterres
- World Bank President, Jim Yong Kim
- Managing director of the International Monetary Fund, Christine Lagarde
- Director-General of the International Renewable Energy Agency, Adnan Z. Amin
- Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum, Klaus Schwab
- President of the United Nations General Assembly, Peter Thomson
- Secretary General of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Enzo Quattrociocche
- Interpol Secretary General Jürgen Stock
- Director General of the World Trade Organization Roberto Azevêdo
- Director-General of UNESCO Irina Bokova
- Secretary General of CIS Sergei Lebedev
- Director General of the World Health Organization Margaret Chan
- Afghanistan: Unspecified minister-level delegation
- Australia: Trade Minister Steven Ciobo
- Azerbaijan: Economy Minister Shahin Mustafayev
- Bangladesh: Unspecified minister-level delegation
- Brazil: Secretary for Strategic Affairs Hussein Ali Kalout
- North Korea: Minister of External Economic Relations Kim Yong-jae
- Egypt: Trade and Industry Minister Tarek Kabil
- European Union: Parliament Secretary General Klaus Welle
- Finland: Minister of Transport and Communications Anne Berner
- France: Former Prime Minister, Member of the French Senate Jean-Pierre Raffarin
- Germany: Minister of Economic Affairs and Energy Brigitte Zypries
- Iran: Minister of Economy and Finance Ali Tayebnia
- Iraq: unspecificed minister-level delegation
- Kuwait: Minister of the Amiri Diwan Affairs Sheikh Nasser Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber
- Maldives: Economic Minister Mohamed Saeed
- Nepal: Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Krishna Bahadur Mahara
- New Zealand: Science and Innovation Minister Paul Goldsmith
- Qatar: Minister of Transport and Communications Jassim Saif Ahmed Al Sulaiti
- Romania: Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Environment Gratiela Gavrilescu
- Saudi Arabia: Minister of Energy, Industry, and Mineral Resources Khalid A. Al-Falih
- Singapore: Minister for National Development and Second Minister for Finance Lawrence Wong
- South Korea: National Assembly member Park Byeoung-seug
- Syria: unspecificed minister-level delegation
- Thailand: Minister of Foreign Affairs Don Pramudwinai, Minister of Transportation Arkhom Termpittayapaisith, Minister of Commerce Apiradi Tantraporn, Minister of Digital for Economy and Society Pichet Durongkaveroj, and Minister of Science and Technology Atchaka Sibunruang
- Trinidad and Tobago: Minister in the Office of the Prime Minister and Minister in the Ministry of the Attorney General and Legal Affairs Stuart Young
- Tunisia: Culture Minister Mohamed Zine El-Abidine
- Ukraine: Unspecified ministerial-level delegation
- United Arab Emirates: Minister of State and Group CEO of ADNOC Dr. Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber
- United Kingdom: Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond
- United States: delegation led by White House adviser Matt Pottinger.
- Japan: delegation led by Toshihiro Nikai, secretary-general of the ruling party Liberal Democratic Party.
In 2017 the events were held at National Convention Center in the urban Chaoyang District and Yanqi Lake International Convention Center and Jixian hall at Yanqi Lake Conference Center in the outer suburb Huairou District.
The opening ceremony, the plenary session of a high-level meeting, as well as six parallel thematic meetings were staged at the National Convention Center while the main venues of the forum and leaders' roundtable summit were held at the Yanqi venues.
A second Belt and Road Forum was held from 25 to 27 April 2019 in Beijing. Leaders of 40 countries and international organizations attended the Forum, A Joint Communique of 283 concrete results in six categories was announced at the end of the Forum.
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