Beltrán Alfonso Osorio, 18th duke of Alburquerque

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Coat of arms of the 18th duke of Alburquerque

Beltrán Alfonso Osorio y Díez de Rivera, 18th Duke of Alburquerque (15 December 1918 – 8 February 1994), was a Grandee of Spain and an amateur jockey. As a Spanish aristocrat, he was known as the "Iron Duke" of Alburquerque.

He was also Duke of Algete, Marquis of Alcañices, los Balbases, Cadreita, Cuéllar, Cullera, and Montaos, Count of Fuensaldaña, Grajal, Huelma, Ledesma, la Torre, Villanueva de Cañedo, and Villaumbrosa.

His son, Juan Miguel Osorio y Bertrán de Lis (b. 1958), is the current Duke of Alburquerque and Duke of Algete.[1]

Jockey career[edit]

The duke became obsessed with winning Britain's Grand National Steeplechase horse race after watching a film of the race on his eighth birthday.[citation needed] However, each of his attempts ended in failure.

On his first attempt in 1952, he fell from his horse, waking up later in hospital with a cracked vertebra. He tried to win again in 1963, and fell from his horse yet again. (Bookies placed a bet of 66-1 against him finishing still on the horse). He raced again in 1965, but again fell from his horse after it collapsed underneath him, breaking his leg.

In 1974, after having sixteen screws removed from a leg he had broken after falling in another race, he also fell while training for the Grand National and broke his collarbone. He then competed in a plaster cast in the race, this time managing to finish, but only in eighth place.

In 1976, the duke fell again during the race, this time being trampled by other horses. He suffered seven broken ribs, several broken vertebrae, a broken wrist, a broken thigh, and a severe concussion which left him in a coma for two days.

At 57, the Iron Duke still tried to compete, but officials revoked his license for "his own safety". He never won the Grand National, but broke more bones than any other jockey in attempting to do so.[citation needed]


  • Hobbs, Nicolas (2007). "Grandes de España" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 October 2008.
  • Instituto de Salazar y Castro. Elenco de Grandezas y Titulos Nobiliarios Españoles (in Spanish). periodic publication.
Spanish nobility
Preceded by
Miguel Osorio
Duke of Alburquerque
Succeeded by
Juan Miguel Osorio