Bely Gorod

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Bely Gorod (highlighted in yellow) on Matthäus Merian's map of Moscow

Bely Gorod (Russian: Бе́лый го́род, IPA: [ˈbʲelɨj ˈɡorət], "White City") is the central core area of Moscow, Russia beyond the Kremlin and Kitay-gorod.

The name comes from the color of its defensive wall, which was erected in 1585–1593 at the behest of tsar Feodor I and Boris Godunov by architect Fyodor Kon'. The length of the wall is 10 kilometres (6.2 mi), width up to 4.5 metres (15 ft).

Bely Gorod had 28 towers and 11 gates, the names of some of which are still preserved in the names of squares, namely: Trehsvyatsky, Chertolsky (Prechistensky), Arbatsky, Nikitsky, Tversky, Petrovsky, Sretensky, Myasnitsky, Pokrovsky, Yauzskiy, Vasilievsky. The walls were cogged, like the Kremlin walls, with loopholes that allowed keeping a continuous fire.

During the reign of Catherine the Great and her grandson Alexander I the wall was demolished and replaced by a chain of boulevards, known as the Boulevard Ring.

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Coordinates: 55°45′04″N 37°37′42″E / 55.75111°N 37.62833°E / 55.75111; 37.62833