Ben & Jerry's

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ben & Jerry's Homemade Holdings, Inc.
IndustryFood processing
FoundedMay 5, 1978; 42 years ago (1978-05-05)
Burlington, Vermont, U.S.
FoundersBen Cohen
Jerry Greenfield
HeadquartersSouth Burlington, Vermont, U.S.
Number of locations
615[1] (2019)
Key people
Matthew McCarthy
(Chief executive officer)[2]
Ben Cohen
Jerry Greenfield
ProductsIce cream
ParentUnilever (2000–present)

Ben & Jerry's Homemade Holdings Inc., trading and commonly known as Ben & Jerry's, is a Vermont company that manufactures ice cream, frozen yogurt, and sorbet. It was founded in 1978 in Burlington, Vermont, and sold in 2000 to British conglomerate Unilever. Today it operates globally as a fully owned subsidiary of Unilever. Its present-day headquarters is in South Burlington, Vermont, with its main factory in Waterbury, Vermont.



Jerry Greenfield (left) and Ben Cohen (right) in 2010

Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield were childhood friends from Merrick, New York.[3] Although Greenfield finished college, he found himself unable to make his way into medical school. Cohen dropped out of school.[4] In 1977, Cohen and Greenfield completed a correspondence course on ice cream making from Pennsylvania State University's creamery. Cohen has severe anosmia, a lack of a sense of smell or taste, and so relied on "mouth feel" and texture to provide variety in his diet. This led to the company's trademark chunks being mixed in with their ice cream.[4] On May 5, 1978, with a $12,000[4] investment (equivalent to $47,000 in 2019), the two business partners opened an ice cream parlor in a renovated gas station in downtown Burlington, Vermont. In 1979, they marked their anniversary by holding the first "free cone day", now an annual event at every Ben & Jerry's store.[4]

In 1980, they rented space in an old spool and bobbin mill on South Champlain Street in Burlington and started packing their ice cream in pints. In 1981, the first Ben & Jerry's franchise opened on Route 7 in Shelburne, Vermont. In 1983, Ben & Jerry's ice cream was used to build "the world's largest ice cream sundae" in St. Albans, Vermont; the sundae weighed 27,102 pounds (12,293 kg). That same year, the cows on their cartons were redesigned by local artist Woody Jackson.[5]

Ben & Jerry's display freezer at a Domino's store

In 1984, Häagen-Dazs wanted to limit distribution of Ben & Jerry's in Boston, prompting Ben & Jerry's to file suit against the parent company, Pillsbury, in its now famous "What's the Doughboy Afraid Of?" campaign.[6] In 1987, Häagen-Dazs again tried to enforce exclusive distribution, and Ben & Jerry's filed its second lawsuit against the Pillsbury Company.

In 1985, the Ben & Jerry's Foundation was established at the end of the year with a gift from Ben & Jerry's to fund community-oriented projects; it was then provided with 7.5% of the company's annual pre-tax profits. In 1986, Ben & Jerry's launched its "Cowmobile", a modified mobile home used to distribute free scoops of Ben & Jerry's ice cream in a unique, cross-country "marketing drive"—driven and served by Ben and Jerry themselves. The "Cowmobile" burned to the ground outside of Cleveland four months later, but there were no injuries. Ben said it looked like "the world's largest baked Alaska".[7] In 1987, as a tribute to guitarist Jerry Garcia & Grateful Dead fans everywhere, Ben & Jerry's presented its first ice cream named for a rock legend and the most famous of fan-suggested flavors, "Cherry Garcia".[8] In 1988, the two men won the title of U.S. Small Business Persons of the Year, awarded by U.S. President Ronald Reagan.[9] Also that year, the first brownies were ordered from Greyston Bakery, which led to the development of the popular Chocolate Fudge Brownie flavor.[10] In 1992, Ben & Jerry's joined in a co-operative campaign with the national non-profit Children's Defense Fund; the campaign goal was to bring children's basic needs to the top of the national agenda. Over 70,000 postcards were sent to Congress concerning kids and other national issues. In 1995, they hired Robert Holland, Jr. as CEO after holding a "Yo! I'm your C.E.O." essay contest as part of the search.[11] Holland left after 20 months following philosophical differences and was replaced by Perry Odak in 1997.[12]

In 1989, Ben & Jerry's revealed their opposition of the use of rBGH (recombinant bovine growth hormone) in all their products. This genetically engineered hormone is sometimes given to cows to boost milk production, but Ben & Jerry's does not support this practice and is in favor of using less chemically intensive ingredients for the safety of consumers and the environment.[13]

In 1994, Ben & Jerry's: The Inside Scoop, written by Fred "Chico" Lager, former CEO of Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream, was published. The book tracks the history of how Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream got started. The book focuses on "How Two Real Guys Built a Business with a Social Conscience and a Sense of Humor."[14]

Ben & Jerry's ice-cream branch at the United Square Shopping Mall in Singapore

Unilever era[edit]

In April 2000, Ben & Jerry's sold the company to Anglo-Dutch multinational food giant Unilever.[15] Unilever said it hoped to carry on the tradition of engaging "in these critical, global economic and social missions". Although the founders' names are still attached to the product, they do not hold any board or management position and are not involved in day-to-day management of the company.[16]

In 2001, Ben & Jerry's U.S. completed the transition to "Eco-Pint" packaging, which packaged all pint flavors in environmentally friendly unbleached paperboard Eco-Pint containers, a decision it later reversed. The use of brown-kraft unbleached paperboard had been a critical first step toward a totally biodegradable pint made without added chlorine. Due to what they described as increasing supply, quality, and cost challenges, Ben & Jerry's discontinued their use of the Eco-Pint in 2006, transitioning to a pint container made out of a bleached paperboard that it said was more readily available.[17]

On Earth Day in 2005, when a vote in the U.S. Senate proposed the opening of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil drilling, Ben & Jerry's launched a protest by creating the largest ever Baked Alaska, which weighed 900 pounds (410 kg), and placed it in front of the U.S. Capitol Building.[18][19]

In March 2009, "CyClone Dairy"[20] launched an advertising campaign and a website to promote its milk products, which purportedly came exclusively from cloned cows.[21] On April 1, 2009 (April Fool's Day), Ben & Jerry's announced that it was behind this fake company. Ben & Jerry's had created the tongue-in-cheek hoax to raise awareness of the increasing presence of products from cloned animals within American food[22] and to campaign for a tracking system of cloned-animal products.[23] The hoax was revealed on April Fool's Day with the message: "We believe you should have the right to choose which foods you eat – and not to eat cloned foods if you don't want to. And that's why Ben & Jerry's believes we need a national clone tracking system, so people and companies can know where their food is coming from."[24]

In 2010, Jostein Solheim, a Unilever executive from Norway, became the new CEO of the company and had this to say about the transition: "My mantra that I've repeated a hundred times since starting at Ben & Jerry's is: 'Change is a wonderful thing,'" he said. "The world needs dramatic change to address the social and environmental challenges we are facing. Values led businesses can play a critical role in driving that positive change. We need to lead by example, and prove to the world that this is the best way to run a business. Historically, this company has been and must continue to be a pioneer to continually challenge how business can be a force for good and address inequities inherent in global business."[25]

In 2013, Ben & Jerry's committed to making their products GMO-free in support of mandatory GMO labeling legislation.[26]

In 2018, Matthew McCarthy, previously a Unilever executive, replaced Jostein Solheim and became the new CEO of the company. "We are delighted to welcome Matthew, who brings a wealth of commercial experience, along with rock-solid values and a courageous vision for the role businesses can and should play in the world," said Ben & Jerry's board of directors Chairperson, Anuradha Mittal.[2]


Ben & Jerry's has production facilities in the following locations:

Original flavors and sundaes[edit]

A pint of Ben & Jerry's ice cream

There was an official survey taken among the general public to find out the best Ben and Jerrys flavour. Cookie dough was the winner with 60% and in last place was chocolate chip brownie with 8.5%. The "Vermonster" is a large ice cream sundae served in a "Vermonster Bucket" in Ben & Jerry's "scoop shops." Its ingredients are 20 scoops of ice cream, 4 bananas, 4 ladles of hot fudge, 3 chocolate chip cookies, 1 chocolate fudge brownie, 10 scoops of walnuts, 2 scoops each of any 4 toppings, and whipped cream. It contains 14,000 calories (59,000 kJ), and 500 grams (18 oz) of fat. Since 2009, the Vermonster Challenge is an annual charity event held by Ben & Jerry's in which teams of four compete to finish a Vermonster and win free ice cream for a year.

"Chubby Hubby" consists of vanilla malt ice cream swirled with fudge and peanut butter, and containing pretzel nuggets covered in fudge and filled with peanut butter. During the month of September 2009, Ben and Jerry's, in partnership with Freedom to Marry, renamed "Chubby Hubby" to "Hubby Hubby," in celebration of the legalization of same-sex marriage in the company's home state of Vermont. The carton featured the image of two men in tuxedos getting married beneath a rainbow.[30][31][32]

On March 13, 2012, Ben & Jerry's announced it would be changing the name of one of its ice cream flavors in the UK in support of equal marriage rights for same-sex couples. "Oh! My! Apple Pie!" would become "Apple-y Ever After" and tubs would feature a gay couple atop a wedding cake decorated with rainbows.[33]

"Chocolate Chip Cookie Dough" was temporarily renamed "I Dough, I Dough" in the United States during the summer of 2015. This was in celebration of United States Supreme Court's ruling in support of same-sex marriage. The proceeds from sales were to go to the Human Rights Campaign (a nonprofit advocacy group for LGBT rights).[34]

Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield appeared on The Colbert Report on March 5, 2007, to promote their new ice cream flavor, "Stephen Colbert's AmeriCone Dream", and Cohen's progressive advocacy group TrueMajority.

The company renamed a flavor, "Yes Pecan!", in reference to Barack Obama's victory in the 2008 U.S. presidential election. They decided in January 2009 to donate all proceeds made on the sale of that flavor to the Common Cause Education Fund.[35]

On March 2, 2011, Cohen and Greenfield appeared on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon and unveiled their new flavor of ice cream, "Late Night Snack", whose carton features a picture of Jimmy Fallon on it.[36]

On February 24, 2012, Ben & Jerry's released a new Greek Frozen Yogurt line, which came in several flavors: "Strawberry Shortcake", "Blueberry Vanilla Graham", "Raspberry Fudge Chunk", "Banana Peanut Butter",[37] and "Vanilla" (scoop shop exclusive):[38] On April 12, 2013, "Pineapple Passionfruit", "Vanilla Honey Caramel", and "Liz Lemon" were added to the Greek Yogurt line.[39] The Liz Lemon flavor was inspired by a character of the same name created by actress Tina Fey as the main character on the NBC television sitcom 30 Rock.[40]

On February 17, 2015, Cohen and Greenfield appeared on The Tonight Show starring Jimmy Fallon and unveiled their new flavor of ice cream, "The Tonight Dough", with all of its proceeds going to the SeriousFun Children's Network that supports camps for children with major illnesses.[41]

In 2015, Charoset flavored ice cream became widely available in time for the Passover holiday.[42][43][44][45][46][47]

In April 2015, the company confirmed that it was working on vegan options, after hearing consumers' feedback, led by a petition and FARM organization.[48] In early February 2016, the company announced a new all-vegan line with four flavors. Two of these are versions of existing flavors – "Chunky Monkey" and "Chocolate Fudge Brownie" – and two are all-new vegan-only flavors: "Coffee Caramel Fudge" and "Peanut Butter & Cookies".[49]

In February 2017, three new non-dairy flavors were added: Caramel Almond Brittle, Cherry Garcia, and Coconut Seven Layer Bar.[50]

In January 2018, the company added two new non-dairy flavors to its growing line of vegan options. Peanut Butter Half Baked features chocolate and peanut butter with fudge brownies and pieces of peanut butter cookie dough, while Cinnamon Buns is made with cinnamon-spiced ice cream and features cinnamon bun dough and a cinnamon streusel swirl.[51] Ben and Jerry's non-dairy line also features flavors such as PB & Cookies, Chocolate Fudge Brownie, and Caramel Coffee fudge. Among their newest non-dairy flavors are the following: chocolate caramel cluster, chocolate chip cookie dough, and chocolate salted n' swirled.[52] Ben & Jerry's also just released new snack-able "cookie dough chunks" that have a vegan option for the non-dairy connoisseur.[53] They continue to take new non-dairy flavor suggestions on their website.[citation needed]

In October 2018, Ben and Jerry's launched a campaign for a limited-edition ice cream flavor that also held a political message focusing on resisting the US's current governmental administration under Trump. The campaign debuted the new flavor, ‘Pecan Resist’ and included new packaging that advertised their messages. The company donated $25,000 to four organizations that supported their interests towards progress with societal issues including inclusivity, justice for people of color, women, refugees, the LGBTQ community, and issues of climate change.[54]

Woman in cow costume promoting Free Cone Day outside a Ben & Jerry's shop in Stockholm, Sweden

Free Cone Day is an annual event held between late March and early May, in which Ben & Jerry's scoop shops give out free ice cream cups and cones. Free Cone Day was first held on Saturday, May 5, 1979, by Ben and Jerry as a customer and staff appreciation event for the first anniversary of their store's opening. However, since 2020 caused by COVID-19 pandemic, that went on hiatus.

Every year over one million cones are given away, prompting the company's ad slogan "Be One In A Million." Charitable organizations are often present at the stores each year and enjoy a significant amount of fundraising success. Often, local celebrities show up at various stores, promoting the day and the charities there.[55] Sometimes the event is scheduled to coincide with Earth Day and sometimes volunteers are on hand with clipboards and voter registration forms to help those who would like to register to vote (in those countries where that is necessary).

Political stances and controversies[edit]


The Center for Science in the Public Interest, a consumer-advocacy group, urged Ben & Jerry's to stop labeling their ice cream as "all natural" due to the company's use of corn syrup, alkalised cocoa, and other chemically modified ingredients.[56] In September 2010, the company agreed to stop labeling their ice cream and frozen yogurt as "all natural".[57]

In 2011,[58] Ben & Jerry's released a flavor named Schweddy Balls, in homage to the Saturday Night Live (SNL) skit of the same name. This received protest from One Million Moms, a project of the conservative Christian group American Family Associated, who said that the name was too explicit for grocery store shelves. Spokesperson Monica Cole explained to the media: "I realize it could be a lot worse, but are they going to progressively get worse if we don't say something? Maybe they'll think twice before they come up with another inappropriate name for ice cream." However, the expression of disdain was not unanimous among U.S. parents, as mother Gina Ragusa said to The Huffington Post: "We just think it's funny, that's all, and honestly we all really want to try it", adding that she consistently checks for the item's availability at her local supermarket.[59] Actor Alec Baldwin, who appeared in the SNL skit as baker Pete Schweddy, hosted the September 24, 2011, episode of the 37th season of the show and responded to the protests by stating that a new flavor called "Go Fudge Yourself" had been produced for those in opposition to the tribute. Following the initial release of the flavor, Baldwin informed the media that "thanks to Ben & Jerry's, the goodness of the Schweddy family recipe won't go with me to the great beyond," as he had previously feared that his association with the SNL episode would remain permanent until his death.[60]


Following rumors that suggested Ben & Jerry's supported the defense of Mumia Abu-Jamal—who was convicted in 1982 of killing Philadelphia Police officer Daniel Faulkner[61]—the company confirmed that Cohen did sign a petition, as a private citizen, asking that "the system of American justice be followed fully in the case".[62]

Between 2005 and 2008, Ben and Jerry's collaborated with polar explorer Marc Cornelissen and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) to run the Climate Change College, an initiative to train young people in communications and campaigning around climate change.[63][64]

Controversy emerged in 2006 after the company released a flavor of ice cream called "Black and Tan". It had named the flavor after the alcoholic drink, which is made by mixing stout with pale ale, but the "Black and Tans" are also known as a paramilitary police force of British World War I veterans recruited during the Irish Revolution. At the time that the flavor was released, the Irish Republican movement was still offended by the historical association of the title.[65]

In 2012, Vermonters for a Just Peace in Palestine/Israel (VTJP)[66] contacted Ben Cohen, Jerry Greenfield and the CEO of Ben & Jerry's after learning that ice cream produced by Ben & Jerry's franchise in Israel[67] was being sold in Israeli settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Leafleting occurred at locations in Vermont, New York and California on 'Free Cone Day' in April 2013[68] and April 2014.[69] As of November 2014, 232 organizations across the United States and in seventeen countries worldwide have signed a letter written by VTJP calling on Ben & Jerry's to end its commercial ties to such settlements.[70]

In late April 2014, Ben & Jerry's signed onto the "Fight for the Reef" campaign, a partnership between the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society (AMCS). Premier Campbell Newman and Queensland state senator Matt Canavan both said in statements that Ben & Jerry's was making misleading statements that exaggerated the detrimental impact that proposed government programs would have on the Great Barrier Reef,[71] and Environment Minister Andrew Powell said that "The only people taking a scoop out of the reef is Ben and Jerry's and Unilever. If you understand the facts, you'd want to be boycotting Ben and Jerry's". Australian Ben & Jerry's brand manager Kalli Swaik responded that "Ben & Jerry's believes that dredging and dumping in world heritage waters surrounding the marine park area will be detrimental to the reef ecology. It threatens the health of one of Australia's most iconic treasures."[72]

In February 2016, Ben & Jerry's cofounder Ben Cohen created an ice cream flavor called "Bernie's Yearning" in support of U.S Senator Bernie Sanders' run for president in the 2016 Democratic Primaries against Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. The flavor consisted of plain mint ice cream covered by a solid layer of mint chocolate. According to Cohen, "The chocolate disk represents the huge majority of economic gains that have gone to the top 1 percent since the end of the recession. Beneath it, the rest of us."[73] This was done in an effort to showcase the United States' current socioeconomic issues.

In April 2016, Ben & Jerry's cofounders, Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield, were both arrested at the Democracy Awakening protests on the U.S. Capitol steps in Washington, D.C.[74]

In May 2017, Ben and Jerry's announced they would not serve two scoops of the same ice cream flavor in Australia, due to the refusal of the Australian government to legalize same-sex marriage. They said this would encourage "fans to contact their MP's to tell them the time has come-make marriage equality legal!". This stance, they said, would continue for however long it took for same-sex marriage to be legalized.[75]

In June 2018, Ben & Jerry's announced their support for some 9,000 Afghan asylum seekers' right to stay in Sweden, drawing heavy criticism from some[who?] commentators.[76][77]

On October 30, 2018, they announced their new limited batch flavor called "Pecan Resist".[78] It was introduced as a part of the opposition campaign against President Donald Trump. It was marketed as "a campaign to lick injustice and champion those fighting to create a more just and equitable nation of us all".[78][79]

In August 2019, they produced another Bernie Sanders flavor called "Bernie's Back."[80] It was not for sale in stores, but was awarded as a prize to 40 contest winners. Ben Cohen endorsed Bernie Sanders for President.

In 2020, Ben & Jerry's announced that it plans to join the "#StopHateForProfit" campaign, halting paid advertising on Facebook and Instagram in the U.S. The company said it was asking Facebook "to take the clear and unequivocal actions called for by the campaign to stop its platform from being used to spread and amplify racism and hate."[81]

In August 2020, Ben & Jerry's attracted criticism from several British commentators and government officials for defending the channel crossings of migrants from France, which had started after a tweet sent to Home Secretary Priti Patel, calling for their treatment as asylum seekers.[82] Additionally, the company claimed people cannot be illegal, even when entering a country for economic reasons with the crossings coming from the developed First World country of France. With these points of contention being voiced by some.[83] Minister James Cleverly also criticized the statements from the company as being statistically inaccurate and described them as 'virtue signalling.'[84] Spiked considered the statements hypocritical due to the company's own practices in relation to worker's rights and pay. The publication also alleged the hiring of illegal immigrants in which they were said to be treated with poor working conditions, 12 to 14-hour days and a barely minimum wage pay rate.[85]

In January 2021, Ben & Jerry's released a Tweet calling for the resignation, impeachment, and invoking of the 25th Amendment against U.S. President Donald Trump following the storming of the United States Capitol, saying “Yesterday was not a protest—it was a riot to uphold white supremacy.”[86]


In February 2012, a Ben & Jerry's franchise near Harvard University created a limited edition frozen yogurt flavor named "Taste the Lin-Sanity" in honor of Asian-American basketball player Jeremy Lin, a Harvard alumnus. At inception, the product contained vanilla frozen yogurt, lychee honey swirls, and fortune cookie pieces, leading to a widely publicized controversy about racial stereotyping due to the association of the fortune cookie ingredient with Chinese culture. The latter ingredient was later replaced with waffle cookies,[87] as the fortune cookies became soggy and the franchise received returns from customers. Ben & Jerry's general manager for Boston and Cambridge explained to the media: "we obviously weren't looking to offend anybody and the majority of the feedback about it has been positive."[88] Ben & Jerry's released an official statement shortly after the launch of the product apologizing to those who were offended.[89]

In September 2014, anti-hazing activists raised concerns about the ice cream flavor "Hazed & Confused", which had been released earlier that year. The concern was that the name could be perceived as belittling of hazing and bullying problems. The company has noted that the name was based on the word hazelnut and a play on the phrase "dazed and confused", which is both a song popularized by Led Zeppelin and a 1993 film.[90] The decision was made in October to not rename the flavor.[91]

Attempts by migrant laborers to directly contact company Ben & Jerry's officials in Waterbury, Vermont, during 2018 resulted in arrests by Immigration and Customs Enforcement. "Zero" farms are reported to be in compliance with the Milk With Dignity Code of Conduct, according to Will Lambek of Migrant Justice.[92]

During the 2020 protests against racial prejudice following the police killing of George Floyd, Ben & Jerry's publicized a statement encouraging Americans to "dismantle white supremacy" and face "the sins of our past."[93]

Product safety[edit]

The Organic Consumers Association announced in July 2017 that it found traces of the herbicide glyphosate in 10 of 11 samples of the company's ice creams.[94] The traces were found to be at levels below the ceiling set by the Environmental Protection Agency for environmental contamination.

Global locations[edit]

Ben & Jerry's Puerto Rico, U.S. sidewalk café

Ben and Jerry's has locations around the world.[95]

Former markets[edit]


Ben & Jerry's used to have a policy that no employee's rate of pay shall exceed five times that of entry-level employees.[103] In 1995, entry-level employees were paid $12 hourly (equivalent to $20 in 2019), and the highest paid employee was President and chief operating officer Chuck Lacy, who earned $150,000 annually. When Ben Cohen resigned as chief executive officer and Ben & Jerry's announced the search for a new CEO in 1994, the company ended the five-to-one-ratio policy.[104]


  1. ^ "Ben & Jerry's location count". Entrepreneur. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Ben & Jerry's Introduces New CEO". Cision PR Newswire. Ben and Jerry's. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  3. ^ Dreifus, Claudia. "PASSING THE SCOOP; BEN & JERRY". Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d "Our History". Ben & Jerry's. Archived from the original on March 25, 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  5. ^ Dan Chu and Martha Babcock. "The Whole Country Cowtows as Artist Woody Jackson Makes His Big Moove Toward Udder Success" Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, People magazine, August 28, 1989
  6. ^ "Cookies, Cream 'n' Controversy". Newsweek. July 4, 1993. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  7. ^ "Jerry Greenfield". Celebrity Websites. March 2005. Archived from the original on March 24, 2008. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Ben & Jerry's founders are named Small Business Persons of the Year". The Palm Beach Post. May 10, 1988. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
  10. ^ "Baking In The Glory". Ben & Jerry's. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved July 21, 2008.
  11. ^ Collins, Glenn (February 2, 1995). "Ben & Jerry's Talent Hunt Ends". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
  12. ^ Staff report (January 3, 1997). Ben & Jerry's Appoints Former Gun Exec as CEO. Archived January 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Los Angeles Times
  13. ^ "Issues We Care About". Ben & Jerry's. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  14. ^ Lager, Fred "Chico". Ben & Jerry's: The Inside Scoop. 1st ed. New York: Crown Publishers, 1994. Print.
  15. ^ Meadows, Donella (April 13, 2000). "The Globalization of Ben & Jerry's". Common Dreams. Archived from the original on September 1, 2000.
  16. ^ "Coneheads". Boston Phoenix. August 14, 2003. Archived from the original on May 4, 2008. Retrieved April 15, 2008.
  17. ^ "2006 Social & Environmental Assessment Report". Ben & Jerry's. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  18. ^ Archived September 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Archived November 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Cyclone Dairy – Perfect Cows. Perfect Milk". March 30, 2012. Archived from the original on March 30, 2012.
  21. ^ "Perfect Cows. Perfect Milk". Cyclone Dairy. Archived from the original on April 25, 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  22. ^ Paynter, Ben (October 16, 2007). "Cloned Beef (and Pork and Milk): It's What's for Dinner". Wired. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  23. ^ "Take Action: Tell Congress to create a tracking system for cloned animals!". Archived from the original on April 16, 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  24. ^ "Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream – Cow Cloning". Ben & Jerry's. Archived from the original on April 26, 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  25. ^ "Jostein Solheim". Food Processing. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved April 1, 2010.
  26. ^ "Our History". Ben & Jerry's. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  27. ^ a b c "Ben & Jerry's owner to close Nevada ice cream plant". VermontBIZ. June 28, 2019.
  28. ^ "An Ice Cream Factory Powered by... Ice Cream!". Ben&Jerry's. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  29. ^ "The scoop on Ben & Jerry's in Israel". The Jerusalem Post. December 29, 2018.
  30. ^ Moore, Matthew (September 2, 2009). "Ben and Jerry's renames ice cream Hubby Hubby in celebration of gay marriage". The Daily Telegraph. UK. Archived from the original on September 2, 2009. Retrieved September 2, 2009.
  31. ^ Daley, Bill (September 2, 2009). "Hubba hubba! Hubby Hubby ice cream introduced". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2009.
  32. ^ "Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream – Flavors – HubbyHubby". Ben & Jerry's. September 1, 2009. Archived from the original on March 19, 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  33. ^ "Ice cream giant supports gay marriage with new flavor". March 13, 2012. Retrieved March 13, 2012. "Ice cream giant Ben and Jerry's has announced today it will be changing the name of one of its ice cream flavours in the UK in support of equal marriage rights for gays.'
  34. ^ Luckerson, Victor (June 2, 2015). "Ben & Jerry's Just Renamed This Ice Cream Flavor in Honor of Gay Marriage". Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  35. ^ Strzemien, Anya (January 9, 2009). "Yes Pecan!: Ben & Jerry's Announces Obama Ice Cream". HuffPost. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  36. ^ "Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream – Late Night Snack". Archived from the original on March 30, 2014.
  37. ^ "Greek Frozen Yogurt". Ben & Jerry's. Archived from the original on May 29, 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  38. ^ "Ben & Jerry's "Our Flavors"". Ben & Jerry's. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  39. ^ Fallon, Jonathan (April 2, 2013). "Ben & Jerry's Announces New Flavors For 2013". Archived from the original on October 9, 2016. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  40. ^ Eby, Margaret (February 1, 2013). "Ben & Jerry's premieres '30 Rock' frozen yogurt flavor called 'Liz Lemon'". Daily News. New York. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
  41. ^ "Ben & Jerry's launches the Tonight Dough ice cream inspired by Jimmy Fallon". Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  42. ^ "Ben & Jerry's Haroset Flavored Ice Cream". The Times of Israel. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  43. ^ "Ben And Jerry's Sells Charoset-Flavored Ice Cream Just In Time For Passover". HuffPost. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  44. ^ "Forget Cherry Garcia. How about Ben and Jerry's Passover ice cream?". Public Radio International. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  45. ^ "Charoset Ben & Jerry's: Who's brave enough to try?". The Jerusalem Post | Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  46. ^ JTA (March 2, 2015). "Ben & Jerry's Charoset Flavor and 10 More Passover Ice Cream Ideas". Haaretz. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  47. ^ "Charoset-Flavored Ben and Jerry's Ice Cream Exists in Israel, And Yes, It's Kosher for Passover". Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  48. ^ "Ben and Jerry's vegan ice cream is coming". True Icon. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  49. ^ "Ben & Jerry's announces 4 vegan flavors". Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  50. ^ "Ben And Jerry's New Vegan Flavors Are Finally HERE! [UPDATE]". HuffPost. February 8, 2017. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  51. ^ "Ben & Jerry's Debuts Two New Vegan Ice Cream Flavors". Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  52. ^ "Two NEW Non-Dairy Flavors!". Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  53. ^ "Vegan Chocolate Chip Cookie Dough Chunks". Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  54. ^
  55. ^ (April 22, 2009). "Ben & Jerry's 31st Annual "Free Cone Day" Serves More Than 7,300 Scoops & Raises Money for Local Charities". Retrieved February 28, 2013.
  56. ^ Clark, Andrew (September 28, 2010). "Ben and Jerry's admits ice-cream with a liberal conscience not 'all natural'". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on October 1, 2010. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
  57. ^ "Ben & Jerry's Takes 'All Natural' Claims Off Ice Cream Labels". NPR. September 27, 2010. Archived from the original on September 30, 2010. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
  58. ^
  59. ^ Reitz, Stephanie (October 21, 2011). "Supermarkets Give Ben & Jerry's 'Schweddy Balls' The Cold Shoulder". HuffPost. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
  60. ^ "Alec Baldwin sets record hosting "SNL"". CBS News. September 26, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2014.
  61. ^ "The FOP's Boycott for Daniel Faulkner". Archived from the original on March 16, 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  62. ^ "Support Home Page". Ben & Jerry's. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  63. ^ Left, Sarah (April 28, 2005). "'If it's melted, it's ruined'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  64. ^ Retrieved August 18, 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  65. ^ Bowcott, Owen (April 19, 2006). "Ben & Jerry's new flavour leaves bad taste". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
  66. ^ "Vermonters for a Just Peace in Palestine/Israel". Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  67. ^ "Ben & Jerry's to open new factory in Be'er Tuvia". Y-Net, 03.02.10. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  68. ^ "Ben & Jerry's Business in Israel Scrutinized". Burlington Free Press. Archived from the original on November 24, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  69. ^ "Campaign News". Vermonters for a Just Peace in Palestine/Israel. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  70. ^ "Organizations Worldwide Sign a Letter Urging Ben & Jerry's to Honor its Social Mission". Vermonters for a Just Peace in Palestine/Israel. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
  71. ^ Sarah Vogler (May 1, 2014). "LNP refers ice cream company Ben and Jerry's to ACCC over Barrier Reef campaign". The Courier Mail. Retrieved May 11, 2014.
  72. ^ "Ben and Jerry's ice cream hurting reef: Qld govt". The Brisbane Times. Australian Associated Press. April 29, 2014. Retrieved May 11, 2014.
  73. ^ Ben & Jerry's founder creates Bernie Sanders ice cream flavor 12 April 2021
  74. ^ "Ben & Jerry's Co-Founders Arrested During Protest at the U.S. Capitol". People. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
  75. ^ "Ben & Jerry's Oz on Twitter". Retrieved May 27, 2017 – via Twitter.[non-primary source needed]
  76. ^ Magnusson, Lisa (June 5, 2018). "Lisa Magnusson: Kliv inte på Ben & Jerry's "kärlekståg"". Metro International. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018.
  77. ^ Tronarp, Gustav (June 5, 2018). "Uppmanar till bojkott efter glassjättens flyktingutspel". Aftonbladet.
  78. ^ a b Meyer, Zlati. "Ben & Jerry's launches Donald Trump-inspired ice cream flavor, Pecan Resist". USA Today. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  79. ^ Knoebel, Ariel. "Ben & Jerry's And The Business Of Brands Getting Political". Forbes. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  80. ^ Zhang, Jenny G. (August 6, 2019). "Ben and Jerry Hope You'll Feel the Bern With a Limited-Edition Ice Cream for Bernie Sanders". Eater. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  81. ^ "Ben & Jerry's joins boycott of Facebook and Instagram ads in the US". June 23, 2020. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  82. ^ Retrieved August 12, 2020 – via Twitter. Missing or empty |title= (help)[non-primary source needed]
  83. ^ "Patel takes on Ben and Jerry's over migrant boats". BBC News. August 1, 2020. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
  84. ^ Editor, Steven Swinford, Deputy Political. "Ben & Jerry's accused of virtue signalling in migrant row". ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved August 12, 2020.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  85. ^ "Ben & Jerry's woke hypocrisy". Retrieved August 12, 2020.
  86. ^ Liffreing, Ilyse (January 7, 2021). "Ben & Jerry's Calls to 'Impeach' Trump as Brands like Coca-Cola and Chevron Break Their Silence on the Capitol Insurrection". AdAge. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  87. ^ Schneider, Maggie. "Ben & Jerry's drops fortune cookies from 'Lin-Sanity'". CNN. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  88. ^ Rocheleau, Matt (February 24, 2012). "Ben & Jerry's launches 'Lin-Sanity' flavor, takes out fortune cookie ingredient". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 24, 2012. "There seemed to be a bit of an initial backlash about it, but we obviously weren't looking to offend anybody and the majority of the feedback about it has been positive," he said.
  89. ^ "Ben & Jerry's sorry for fortune cookies". ESPN. February 26, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2012. "We offer a heartfelt apology if anyone was offended by our handmade Lin-Sanity flavor," Ben & Jerry's said in a statement.
  90. ^ Stanford, Duane D. (September 1, 2014). "Ben & Jerry's Mulls Renaming 'Hazed and Confused' After Complaints". Bloomberg. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
  91. ^ kaufman, Alexander C. (October 1, 2014). "Ben & Jerry's Won't Rename 'Hazed & Confused'". HuffPost. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
  92. ^
  93. ^ Business, Hanna Ziady, CNN. "Why Ben & Jerry's statement on white supremacy is so extraordinary". CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  94. ^ Strom, Stephanie (July 25, 2017). "Traces of Controversial Herbicide Are Found in Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream". The New York Times.
  95. ^ "International Locations". Ben & Jerry's. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  96. ^ Kinancy Susanne Arokasamy (September 3, 2019). "Iconic ice cream opens shop in PJ". The Star. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  97. ^ "Ben&Jerry's Romania". Ben & Jerry's. Retrieved July 1, 2014 – via Facebook.[non-primary source needed]
  98. ^ [1]
  99. ^ Archived from the original on September 10, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2015. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  100. ^ "Ben & Jerry's in Hong Kong – Legal Stuff". Archived from the original on May 4, 2008.
  101. ^ "Home". Archived from the original on December 20, 2005.
  102. ^ Archived from the original on April 27, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  103. ^ Torres, Blanca (May 1, 2005). "Debate swirls around CEO pay". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved July 11, 2013.
  104. ^ Carlin, Peter (February 5, 1995). "Pure Profit – For Small Companies That Stress Social Values as Much as the Bottom Line, Growing Up Hasn't Been an Easy Task. Just Ask Ben & Jerry's, Patagonia and Starbucks". Los Angeles Times.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]