2003 Boeing 727-223 disappearance

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2003 Boeing 727-223 disappearance
Boeing 727-223 of American Airlines Chicago O'Hare.jpg
N844AA, the aircraft involved, in 1989
Incident summary
Date May 25, 2003 (2003-05-25)
Summary Disappeared, theft
Site Quatro de Fevereiro Airport, Luanda, Angola
08°51′30″S 13°13′52″E / 8.85833°S 13.23111°E / -8.85833; 13.23111Coordinates: 08°51′30″S 13°13′52″E / 8.85833°S 13.23111°E / -8.85833; 13.23111
Crew 2 (Unconfirmed)
Fatalities Unknown
Survivors Unknown
Aircraft type Boeing 727-200
Operator Aerospace Sales & Leasing
Registration N844AA

A Boeing 727-223, registered N844AA, was stolen from Quatro de Fevereiro Airport, Luanda, Angola on 25 May 2003.[1] Its disappearance prompted a worldwide search by the United States' Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and Central Intelligence Agency. No trace of the aircraft has since been found.


The aircraft (serial number 20985) was manufactured in 1975 and formerly owned by American Airlines. Its last owner was reported to be Miami-based company Aerospace Sales & Leasing.[2] While on lease to TAAG Angola Airlines it had been grounded and sat idle at Luanda for 14 months, accruing more than $4 million in backdated airport fees, and was one of two at Quatro de Fevereiro in the process of being converted for use by IRS Airlines.[3] The FBI described it as "...unpainted silver in color with a stripe of blue, white, and red. The [aircraft] was formerly in the air fleet of a major airline, but all of the passenger seats have been removed. It is outfitted to carry diesel fuel."[4]


It is believed that shortly before sunset on May 25, two men boarded the aircraft. One of them was an American pilot and flight engineer, Ben Charles Padilla.[5] The other, John Mikel Mutantu, was a hired mechanic from the Republic of the Congo.[6] Neither man was certified to fly a Boeing 727, which normally requires three aircrew. Both men had been working with Angolan mechanics to get the aircraft flight-ready. Padilla is believed by U.S. authorities to have been at the controls.[7]

The aircraft began taxiing without communicating with the control tower. It maneuvered erratically and entered a runway without clearance. The tower officers tried to make contact, but there was no response; and the tracking transponders were turned off. With its lights off, the aircraft took off, heading southwest over the Atlantic Ocean. Neither the aircraft nor the two men have been seen since.[8]


Many theories exist about what happened to the aircraft.

Padilla's sister, Benita Padilla-Kirkland, told the South Florida Sun-Sentinel newspaper in 2004 that her family suspected that he was flying the aircraft and feared that he subsequently crashed somewhere in Africa or was being held against his will.[9]

In July 2003 a possible sighting of the missing aircraft was reported in Conakry, Guinea,[10][11] but this has been conclusively dismissed by the United States Department of State.[12]

Some reports suggest there was only one person on board the aircraft at the time;[13] some suggest there may have been more than one.[14][15]

Reports leaked as part of the United States diplomatic cables leak indicate that the United States searched for the aircraft in multiple countries after the event. A Regional Security Officer searched for it in Sri Lanka without result.[16] A ground search was also conducted by diplomats stationed in Nigeria at multiple airports without finding it.[17] The telegram from Nigeria also states that the diplomats did not consider likely a landing of the 727 at a major airport, since the aircraft could have been easily identified.

An extensive article published in Air & Space Magazine in September 2010 was also unable to draw any conclusions on the whereabouts or fate of the aircraft, despite research and interviews with individuals knowledgeable of details surrounding the disappearance.[18]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wright, Tim (September 2010). "The 727 that Vanished". airspacemag.com. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Aircraft N844AA Profile". airport-data.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Cederholm, Justin (19 January 2002). "N843AA and N844AA at Luanda". airliners.net. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  4. ^ Mueller, Robert S. (25 May 2003). "FBI Seeking Information – Ben Charles Padilla". fbi.gov. Archived from the original on 10 Mar 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Charley Project: Ben Charles Padilla Jr". charleyproject.org. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Wright, Tim. "The 727 that Vanished". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "African hunt for stolen Boeing". BBC News. June 19, 2003. Retrieved May 19, 2010. 
  8. ^ "The 727 that Vanished". www.airspacemag.com. September 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  9. ^ Das, Saurabh (2 January 2004). "Questions arise over W. Africa jet crash". USA Today. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Missing plane turns up in Guinea". scotsman.com. 7 July 2003. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Mystery Boeing briefly resurfaces after disappearance". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 July 2003. 
  12. ^ "Counterterrorism". qsl.net. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  13. ^ "Plane disappears after mystery take-off". abc.net.au. 29 May 2003. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "Missing jet linked to terrorism". news24.com. 23 June 2003. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  15. ^ "Into thin air". The Sydney Morning Herald. August 15, 2003. 
  16. ^ "MISSING 727". 
  18. ^ Wright, Tim. "The 727 that Vanished". Retrieved 1 June 2015.