Ben E. King

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ben E. King
King in the 1990s
King in the 1990s
Background information
Birth nameBenjamin Earl Nelson
Also known asBen E. King
Born(1938-09-28)September 28, 1938
Henderson, North Carolina, U.S.
OriginHarlem, New York
DiedApril 30, 2015(2015-04-30) (aged 76)
Hackensack, New Jersey, U.S.
GenresSoul, R&B, pop, doo-wop
Occupation(s)Singer, songwriter, record producer
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • piano
Years active1958–2015
LabelsAtco Records
Atlantic Records
Ichiban Records
Associated actsThe Drifters
The Five Crowns
Websitewww.beneking.info'

Benjamin Earl King[1] ( Nelson; September 28, 1938 – April 30, 2015) was an American soul and R&B singer and record producer. He is best known as the singer and co-composer of "Stand by Me"—a U.S. Top 10 hit, both in 1961 and later in 1986 (when it was used as the theme to the film of the same name), a number one hit in the United Kingdom in 1987, and number 25 on the RIAA's list of Songs of the Century—and as one of the principal lead singers of the R&B vocal group The Drifters, notably singing the lead vocals of one of their biggest global hit singles (and only U.S. No. 1 hit), "Save the Last Dance for Me".[2]

Early life[edit]

King was born Benjamin Earl Nelson on September 28, 1938, in Henderson, North Carolina,[2] and moved to Harlem, New York, at the age of nine in 1947.[3] King began singing in church choirs, and in high school formed the Four B's, a doo-wop group that occasionally performed at the Apollo.[4]

Career[edit]

The Drifters[edit]

In 1958, King (still using his birth name) joined a doo-wop group called the Five Crowns.[4] Later that year, the Drifters' manager George Treadwell fired the members of the original Drifters, and replaced them with the members of the Five Crowns.[5]

King had a string of R&B hits with the group on Atlantic Records. He co-wrote and sang lead on the first Atlantic hit by the new version of the Drifters, "There Goes My Baby" (1959). He sang lead on a succession of hits by the team of Doc Pomus and Mort Shuman, including "Save the Last Dance for Me", "This Magic Moment", and "I Count the Tears".[2] King recorded only thirteen songs with the Drifters—two backing other lead singers and eleven lead vocal performances—including a non-single called "Temptation" (later redone by Drifters vocalist Johnny Moore). The last of the King-led Drifters singles to be released was "Sometimes I Wonder", which was recorded May 19, 1960, but not issued until June 1962.[6]

Due to contract disputes with Treadwell in which King and his manager, Lover Patterson, demanded greater compensation, King rarely performed with the Drifters on tour or on television. On television, fellow Drifters member Charlie Thomas usually lip-synched the songs that King had recorded with the Drifters.[7]

Solo career[edit]

King in 2006

In May 1960, King left the Drifters,[2] assuming the stage name Ben E. King in preparation for a solo career. Remaining with Atlantic Records on its Atco imprint, King scored his first solo hit with the ballad "Spanish Harlem" (1961).[2]

His next single, "Stand by Me", written with Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, ultimately would be voted as one of the Songs of the Century by the Recording Industry Association of America. King cited singers Brook Benton, Roy Hamilton and Sam Cooke as influences for his vocals of the song.[8] "Stand by Me", "There Goes My Baby", "Spanish Harlem", and "Save the Last Dance for Me" were all named in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll;[9] and each of those records has earned a Grammy Hall of Fame Award.[10] King's other well-known songs include "Don't Play That Song (You Lied)", "Amor", "Seven Letters", "How Can I Forget", "On the Horizon", "Young Boy Blues", "First Taste of Love", "Here Comes the Night", "Ecstasy", and "That's When It Hurts". In the summer of 1963, King had a Top 30 hit with "I (Who Have Nothing)", which reached the Top 10 on New York's radio station, WMCA.[11]

King's records continued to place well on the Billboard Hot 100 chart until 1965. British pop bands began to dominate the pop music scene, but King still continued to make R&B hits. Some of these hits include "What is Soul?", "Tears, Tears, Tears" , "So Much Love" , and "Til I Can't Take It Anymore". In 1975, King made a comeback on the top 40 Billboard Hot 100 chart with the Disco hit "Supernatural Thing". "Supernatural Thing" peaked at number 5 on Billboard Hot 100 and peaked at number 1 on the Billboard R&B Charts. It was also nominated for a Grammy at the 18th Annual Grammy Awards in 1975 for "best R&B vocal performance, male". In 1977, King collaborated with Average White Band in releasing the album Benny & Us. The album spawned two top 40 R&B hits, "A Star in the Ghetto" and "Get It Up".

King returned to the Drifters in late 1982 in England, and sang with them until the group's break-up and reorganization in 1986.[12] From 1983 until the band's break-up, the other members of this incarnation of the Drifters were Johnny Moore, Joe Blunt, and Clyde Brown.[citation needed]

A 1986 re-issue of "Stand by Me" followed the song's use as the theme song to the movie Stand By Me and re-entered the Billboard top ten after a 25-year absence. This reissue also reached Number 1 in the United Kingdom and Ireland for three weeks in February 1987.[4] The reissue also made King the first act to reach the Hot 100's top 10 in the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, either as a member of an act that reached that high (in this case, The Drifters) or as a solo act that did.[13]

In 1990, King and Bo Diddley, along with Doug Lazy, recorded a revamped hip hop version of the Monotones' 1958 hit song "Book of Love" for the soundtrack of the movie Book of Love. He also recorded a children's album, I Have Songs In My Pocket, written and produced by children's music artist Bobby Susser in 1998, which won the Early Childhood News Directors' Choice Award and Dr. Toy's/the Institute for Childhood Resources Award. King performed "Stand by Me" on the Late Show with David Letterman in 2007. Ahmet Ertegun said, "King is one of the greatest singers in the history of rock and roll and rhythm and blues."[14]

As a Drifter and as a solo artist, King achieved five number one hits: "There Goes My Baby", "Save the Last Dance for Me", "Stand By Me", "Supernatural Thing", and the 1986 re-issue of "Stand By Me". He also earned 12 Top 10 hits and 26 Top 40 hits from 1959 to 1986. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a Drifter;[15] he was also nominated as a solo artist.[16]

King performing at Scullers Jazz Club in Boston, Massachusetts, on March 31, 2012

King's "I (Who Have Nothing)" was selected for the Sopranos Peppers and Eggs Soundtrack CD (2001).[17]

He was inducted into the North Carolina Music Hall of Fame in 2009.[18]

On March 27, 2012, the Songwriters Hall of Fame announced that "Stand By Me" would receive its 2012 Towering Song Award and that King would be honored with the 2012 Towering Performance Award for his recording of the song.[19]

Later life[edit]

King was active in his charitable foundation, the Stand By Me Foundation, which helps to provide education to deserving youths.[8][20] He was a resident of Teaneck, New Jersey, from the late 1960s onwards.[21]

King performed "Stand By Me" during a televised tribute to late comedian George Carlin, as he was one of Carlin's favorite artists.[22]

On November 11, 2010, he performed "Stand By Me" at the Latin Grammys with Prince Royce.[23]

King toured the United Kingdom in 2013 and played concerts in the United States as late as 2014, despite reported health problems.[24]

Following a brief illness, he died at Hackensack University Medical Center on April 30, 2015 at the age of 76.[24][25][26]

Legacy[edit]

King has been covered by acts from several genres. "So Much Love" was recorded by Dusty Springfield and many others.[27] "I (Who Have Nothing)" was performed by Shirley Bassey in 1963 and also by Tom Jones in 1970, as well as a 1979 recording by Sylvester. "Till I Can't Take It Anymore" was revisited by peer Ray Charles in 1970 and "Spanish Harlem" was sung by Aretha Franklin in 1971. "Stand by Me" was covered by The Righteous Brothers, Otis Redding, John Lennon, Mickey Gilley, Florence + The Machine, and Tracy Chapman. The song forms the basis for the Indian hit “Dildaara” by songwriters Vishal & Shekhar. King also inspired a number of rock bands: Siouxsie and the Banshees recorded "Supernatural Thing" in 1981 and Led Zeppelin did a cover version of "Groovin'", which is better known under the title of "We're Gonna Groove".[28]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Title Year Peak chart positions
US
[29][30]
US
R&B

[31]
JPN
[32]
UK
[33]
Spanish Harlem 1961 30
Ben E. King Sings for Soulful Lovers 1962
Don't Play That Song!
Young Boy Blues 1964
Seven Letters 1965
What Is Soul 1967
Rough Edges 1970
The Beginning of It All 1972
Supernatural 1975 39 13
I Had a Love 1976
Rhapsody
Benny And Us
(with Average White Band)
1977 33
Let Me Live in Your Life 1978
Music Trance 1980 73
Street Tough 1981
Save the Last Dance for Me 1987
What's Important to Me 1991 82
Shades of Blue 1993
I Have Songs in My Pocket 1998
Soul Masters 2005
I've Been Around 2006
Heart & Soul 2010
Dear Japan 2011 66

Live album[edit]

Title Year Peak chart positions
US
[29]
US
R&B

[31]
Person to Person: Live at the Blue Note 2003

Compilation albums[edit]

Title Year Peak chart positions
US
[29]
US
R&B

[31]
GER
[34]
SWI
[35]
UK
[33]
Ben E. King's Greatest Hits 1964
Stand by Me: The Ultimate Collection 1987 35 18 14
The Very Best Of Ben E. King And The Drifters
(with The Drifters)
1990 15
Anthology 1993
The Very Best of Ben E. King 1998
Eleven Best 2001

Singles[edit]

As lead of The Drifters[edit]

Title Year Peak chart positions
US
[36]
US
R&B

[37]
BEL
(FL)

[38]
BEL
(WA)

[38]
GER
[38]
NL
[38]
NOR
[38]
UK
[39]
"There Goes My Baby" 1959 2 1
"Dance with Me" 15 2 17
"This Magic Moment" 1960 16 4
"Lonely Winds" 54 9
"Save the Last Dance for Me" 1 1 2 2 2 1 3 2
"I Count the Tears" 17 6 28
"Sometimes I Wonder" 1962

As a solo artist[edit]

Title Year Peak chart positions
US
[40]
US
R&B

[31]
BEL
(FL)

[41]
BEL
(WA)

[42]
GER
[34]
NL
[43]
NOR
[44]
NZ
[45]
SWI
[35]
UK
[33]
"Show Me the Way" 1960
"A Help-Each-Other Romance"
(with LaVern Baker)
"First Taste of Love" 53 27
"Spanish Harlem"
(original or 1987 reissue)
10 15 92
"Stand by Me"
(original or 1987 reissue)
1961 4 1 4 46 2 11 9 45 3 1
"Amor" 18 10 17 38
"Here Comes the Night" 81 81
"Young Boy Blues" 66
"Ecstasy" 1962 56
"Don't Play That Song (You Lied)" 11 2 11
"Too Bad" 88
"I'm Standing By"
"Tell Daddy" 29
"How Can I Forget" 1963 85 23
"I (Who Have Nothing)" 29 16
"I Could Have Danced All Night" 72
"What Now My Love" 1964
"That's When It Hurts" 63 17
"Amore Quando"
"What Can a Man Do" 39
"It's All Over" 72 40
"Seven Letters" 45 11
"The Record (Baby I Love You)" 1965 84 24
"She's Gone Again"
"Cry No More"
"Goodnight My Love" 91
"So Much Love" 1966 96
"I Swear by Stars Above" 35
"What Is Soul?" 38
"Tears, Tears, Tears" 1967 93 34
"Katherine"
"Don't Take Your Sweet Love Away"
"We Got a Thing Goin' On"
(with Dee Dee Sharp)
1968
"Don't Take Your Love from Me" 44
"Soul Meeting"
(as part of The Soul Clan)
"It's Amazing"
"Til I Can't Take It Anymore" 37
"Hey Little One" 1969
"I Can't Take It Like a Man" 45
"In the Midnight Hour/Lay Lady Lay" 1970
"Take Me to the Pilot" 1972
"Into the Mystic"
"Spread Myself Around" 1973
"Supernatural Thing" 1975 5 1 49
"Do It in the Name of Love" 60 4
"I Had a Love" 23
"I Betcha Didn't Know That" 1976
"Somebody's Knocking"
"Get It Up"
with Average White Band)
1977 21 39
"A Star in the Ghetto"
(with Average White Band)
25
"Tippin" 1978
"Spoiled"
"Music Trance" 1980 29
"Street Tough" 1981
"Souvenirs of Love"
"Save the Last Dance for Me" (re-recording) 1987 60 69
"What's Important to Me" 1991
"You've Got All of Me" 1992
"You Still Move Me"

References[edit]

  1. ^ "King, Ben E." Veromi. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e Strong, Martin C. (1998). The Great Rock Discography (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Mojo Books. pp. 531–532. ISBN 1-84195-017-3.
  3. ^ "'Stand By Me' singer Ben E. King dies at age 76". PIX11 News. May 1, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Grimes, William (May 1, 2015). "Ben E. King, Soulful Singer, Dies at 76; 'Stand by Me' Was One of His Hits". New York Times. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  5. ^ Jones, Soul (June 1, 2011). "Soul Jones Words: Play It Again, Ben - Ben E. King Interview". Souljoneswords.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  6. ^ Goldberg, Marv. "Marv Goldberg's R&B Notebooks: The Later Drifters". Retrieved October 24, 2013.
  7. ^ Fontenot, Robert. "The Life and Times of Ben E. King". About.com. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Ben E King: R&B legend dies at 76". BBC News. May 1, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  9. ^ "Experience The Music: One Hit Wonders and the Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  10. ^ "Ben E. King, 'Stand By Me' Singer and Member of the Drifters, Dies at 76". Variety. May 1, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  11. ^ Farber, Jim (May 1, 2015). "Ben E. King, soul legend who sang 'Stand By Me,' dead at 76". The New York Daily News. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  12. ^ "BEN E. KING (1938-2015)". blackpast.org.
  13. ^ Casey Kasem, "American Top 40", 17 January 1987.
  14. ^ "Ben E. King". Beneking.info. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  15. ^ "The Drifters Biography". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  16. ^ "Ben E. King, soul legend and singer of 'Stand By Me', dead at 76". Associated Press. May 1, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  17. ^ "The Sopranos: Peppers & Eggs (Music From the HBO Original Series)". AllMusic. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  18. ^ "2009 Inductees". North Carolina Music Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 10, 2012.
  19. ^ "Stand By Me Named Towering Song, Ben E. King Towering Performance, Lance Freed Abe Olman Publisher". SongHall. March 27, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  20. ^ "The Ben E. King Stand By Me Foundation". Benekingstandbyme.org. August 11, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  21. ^ Beckerman, Jim. "Ben E. King can't stop the music"[permanent dead link], The Record (Bergen County), May 10, 2008. Accessed March 1, 2009.
  22. ^ Wloszczyna, Suan (November 11, 2008). "Comics toast Carlin at Mark Twain ceremony". USA Today. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  23. ^ Strang, Fay (May 1, 2015). "Ben E King dead: Stand By Me singer dies aged 76". Mirror. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  24. ^ a b Furness, Hannah (May 1, 2015). "Stand By Me singer Ben E King dies at 76". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  25. ^ "R&B legend Ben E King dies at 76". BBC. May 1, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  26. ^ Grimes, William (May 1, 2015). "Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of 'Stand by Me,' Dies at 76". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
  27. ^ Bret, David (2014). Brit Girls of the Sixties: Kathy Kirby + Dusty Springfield + Cilla Black + Helen Shapiro + Marianne Faithfull + Sandie Shaw + Lulu. Lulu Press.
  28. ^ Lewis, Dave (2012). From A Whisper to A Scream: The Complete Guide to the Music of Led Zeppelin. Music Sales Group.
  29. ^ a b c "Ben E. King Chart History: Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  30. ^ "Benny And Us charting: Billboard 200 Week of September 10, 1977". Billboard. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  31. ^ a b c d "Ben E. King Chart History: Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums". Billboard. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  32. ^ "ベン・E.キングのランキング" [Ben E. King Ranking]. Oricon (in Japanese). Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  33. ^ a b c "Ben E. King". Official Charts. The Official UK Charts Company. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  34. ^ a b "Discographie Von Ben E. King". Offizielle Deutsche Charts (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  35. ^ a b "Discographie Ben E. King". Swiss Hitparade (in German). Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  36. ^ Billboard Hot 100 positions for The Drifters' singles:
  37. ^ Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs positions for The Drifters' singles:
  38. ^ a b c d e "The Drifters - Save The Last Dance For Me". Dutch Charts (in Dutch). Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  39. ^ "Drifters". Official Charts. The Official UK Charts Company. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  40. ^ "Ben E. King Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  41. ^ "Discografie Ben E. King". Ultratop Flanders (in Dutch). Retrieved July 31, 2021.
  42. ^ "Discographie Ben E. King". Ultratop Wallonia (in French). Retrieved July 31, 2021.
  43. ^ "Discografie Ben E. King". Dutch Charts (in Dutch). Retrieved July 31, 2021.
  44. ^ "Discography Ben E. King". Norwegian Charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
  45. ^ "Discography Ben E. King". Charts New Zealand. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 31, 2021.

External links[edit]