Photo c. 1960s
Biagio Anthony Gazzarra
August 28, 1930
|Died||February 3, 2012 (aged 81)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Education||City College of New York|
|Alma mater||The New School, Actors Studio|
Biagio Anthony Gazzarra (August 28, 1930 – February 3, 2012), known as Ben Gazzara, was an American film, stage, and television actor and director. His best-known films include Anatomy of a Murder (1959), The Bridge at Remagen (1969), Voyage of the Damned (1976), Inchon (1981), Road House (1989), The Big Lebowski (1998), Buffalo '66 (1998), Happiness (1998), The Thomas Crown Affair (1999), Summer of Sam (1999), Dogville (2003) and Paris, je t'aime (2006). He was a recurring collaborator with John Cassavetes, working with him on Husbands (1970), The Killing of a Chinese Bookie (1976) and Opening Night (1977).
As the star of the television series Run for Your Life (1965–1968), Gazzara was nominated for three Golden Globe Awards and two Emmy Awards. He won his only Emmy Award for his role in the television film Hysterical Blindness (2002).
Gazzara was born in New York City, the son of Italian immigrants Angelina (née Cusumano) and Antonio Gazzarra, a laborer and carpenter, each of Sicilian origin—Angelina from Castrofilippo and Antonio from Canicattì in the province of Agrigento. Gazzara grew up in New York's Kips Bay neighborhood; he lived on East 29th Street and participated in the drama program at Madison Square Boys & Girls Club located across the street. He attended New York City's Stuyvesant High School, but finally graduated from Saint Simon Stock in the Bronx. Years later, he said that the discovery of his love for acting saved him from a life of crime during his teen years.
He went to City College of New York to study electrical engineering. After two years, he relented. He took classes in acting at the Dramatic Workshop of The New School in New York with the influential German director Erwin Piscator and afterward joined the Actors Studio.
In 1954, Gazzara (having modified his original surname from "Gazzarra") made several appearances on NBC's legal drama Justice, based on case studies from the Legal Aid Society of New York. He also guest-starred on shows such as Medallion Theatre and The United States Steel Hour.
Gazzara became a Broadway sensation when he portrayed role of Brick in Tennessee Williams's Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955–56) opposite Barbara Bel Geddes, directed by Elia Kazan. Gazzara turned down the role in the film version. The studio planned to offer the role to James Dean, but the part was given to Paul Newman after Dean's death.
He followed it with another long run in A Hatful of Rain (1956).
Gazzara told Charlie Rose in 1998 that he went from being mainly a stage actor who often would turn up his nose at film roles in the mid-1950s to, much later, a ubiquitous character actor who turned very little down. "When I became hot, so to speak, in the theater, I got a lot of offers," he said. "I won't tell you the pictures I turned down, because you'll say, 'You are a fool'—and I was a fool."
He starred in Convicts 4 (1962).
Gazzara was in the 1963 Actors Studio production of Strange Interlude on Broadway.
Gazzara became well known in several television series, beginning with Arrest and Trial, which ran from 1963 to 1964 on ABC.
He gained fame in the TV series Run for Your Life which ran from 1965 to 1968 on NBC, in which he played a terminally ill man trying to get the most out of the last two years of his life. For his work in the series, Gazzara received two Emmy nominations for "Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series" and three Golden Globe nominations for "Best Performance by an Actor in a Television Series – Drama."
Some of the actor's most formidable characters were those he created with his friend John Cassavetes in the 1970s. They collaborated for the first time on Cassavetes's film Husbands (1970), in which he appeared alongside Peter Falk and Cassavetes.
Gazzara starred in a television movie, Pursuit (1972), the directorial debut of Michael Crichton. He also made the television movies When Michael Calls (1972), Fireball Forward (1972), and The Family Rico (1972).
He starred in the television miniseries QB VII (1974), which won six primetime Emmy Awards. The six-and-a-half-hour series was based on a book by Leon Uris and co-starred Anthony Hopkins. He then played gangster Al Capone in the biographical film Capone (1975). Cassevetes was in the support cast.
Gazzara appeared on Broadway in Hughie (1975) then worked again for Cassavetes as director in The Killing of a Chinese Bookie (1976), in which Gazzara took the leading role of the hapless strip-joint owner, Cosmo Vitelli. He starred in an action movie, High Velocity (1976), and was one of many stars in Voyage of the Damned (1976).
Gazzara returned to Broadway for a production of Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? with Colleen Dewhurst in 1976.
A year later, he starred in yet another Cassavetes-directed movie, Opening Night, as stage director Manny Victor, who struggles with the mentally unstable star of his show, played by Cassavetes's wife Gena Rowlands. He made an acclaimed TV movie The Death of Richie (1977).
Gazzara's career received a boost when Peter Bogdanovich cast him in the title role of Saint Jack (1979). His increased profile helped him be cast in the male lead of Bloodline (1979) and the Korean War epic Inchon (1980) co-starring Laurence Olivier and Richard Roundtree.
He made another for Bogdanovich, They All Laughed (1981).
Gazzara made some films in Europe: Tales of Ordinary Madness (1981), The Girl from Trieste (1982), A Proper Scandal (1984), My Dearest Son. He starred with Rowlands in the critically acclaimed AIDS-themed TV movie An Early Frost (1985), for which he received his third Emmy nomination.
Gazzara appeared in 38 films, many for television, in the 1990s. He worked with a number of renowned directors, such as the Coen brothers (The Big Lebowski), Spike Lee (Summer of Sam), David Mamet (The Spanish Prisoner), Walter Hugo Khouri (Forever), Vincent Gallo (Buffalo '66), Todd Solondz (Happiness), John Turturro (Illuminata), and John McTiernan (The Thomas Crown Affair).
He was on Broadway in Shimada (1992).
In his seventies, Gazzara continued to be active. In 2003, he appeared in Nobody Don't Like Yogi, an off-Broadway show about Yogi Berra which had a solid run and was in a revival of Awake and Sing! (2006).
He was in the ensemble cast of the experimental film Dogville, directed by Lars von Trier of Denmark and starring Nicole Kidman, as well as the television film Hysterical Blindness (he received an Emmy Award for his role). In 2005, he played Agostino Casaroli in the television miniseries, Pope John Paul II. He completed filming his scenes in the film The Wait in early 2012, shortly before his death.
In addition to acting, Gazzara worked as an occasional television director; his credits include the Columbo episodes A Friend in Deed (1974) and Troubled Waters (1975). Gazzara was nominated three times for the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play—in 1956 for A Hatful of Rain, in 1975 for the paired short plays Hughie and Duet, and in 1977 for a revival of Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, opposite Colleen Dewhurst.
Gazzara was married three times, first to actress Louise Erickson (1951–1957). He married actress Janice Rule on November 25, 1961 in San Francisco. They had a daughter named Elizabeth. He married model Elke Krivat in 1982 and remained married to her until his death. Gazzara adopted his wife's daughter Danja from her prior relationship. Following his separation from his first wife, Gazzara was engaged to stage actress Elaine Stritch and later disclosed a love affair with actress Audrey Hepburn. He and Hepburn co-starred in two of her final films, Bloodline (1979) and They All Laughed (1981).
In 1968, during filming of the war movie The Bridge at Remagen, co-starring Gazzara and friend Robert Vaughn, the Soviet Union and its allies invaded Czechoslovakia. The cast and crew were detained for a time; filming was later completed in West Germany. During their departure from Czechoslovakia, Gazzara and Vaughn assisted with the escape of a Czech waitress whom they had befriended. They smuggled her to Austria in a car waved through a border crossing that had not yet been taken over by the Soviet army in its crackdown on the Prague Spring.
Gazzara was the honorary starter of the 1979 Daytona 500, the first flag-to-flag Daytona 500 broadcast live on CBS. He was also featured in a 1994 article in Cigar Aficionado, in which he admitted smoking four packs of cigarettes a day until taking up cigar smoking in the mid-1960s.
Gazzara was diagnosed with throat cancer in 1999. He suffered a stroke in 2005. On February 3, 2012, he died of pancreatic cancer at Bellevue Hospital Center in New York. He was later cremated.
- The Strange One (1957) as Jocko De Paris
- Anatomy of a Murder (1959) as Lt. Frederick Manion
- The Passionate Thief (1960) as Lello
- The Young Doctors (1961) as Dr. David Coleman
- Convicts 4 (1962) as John Resko
- The Captive City (1962) as Capt. George Stubbs
- A Carol for Another Christmas (1964) as Fred
- A Rage to Live (1965) as Roger Bannon
- Run for Your Life (1965–1968) as Paul Bryan
- If It's Tuesday, This Must Be Belgium (1969) as Card Player
- The Bridge at Remagen (1969) as Sgt. Angelo
- King: A Filmed Record... Montgomery to Memphis (1970) as Himself
- Husbands (1970) as Harry
- Fireball Forward (1972) as Maj. Gen. Joe Barrett
- Pursuit (1972) as Steven Graves
- The Sicilian Connection (1972) as Giuseppe 'Joe' Coppola
- The Neptune Factor (1973) as Cmdr. Adrian Blake
- QB VII (1974) as Abe Cady
- Capone (1975) as Al Capone
- The Killing of a Chinese Bookie (1976) as Cosmo Vittelli
- High Velocity (1976) as Clifford Baumgartner
- Voyage of the Damned (1976) as Morris Troper
- The Death of Richie (1977) as George Werner
- Opening Night (1977) as Manny Victor
- Saint Jack (1979) as Jack Flowers
- Bloodline (1979) as Rhys Williams
- Inchon (1981) as Maj. Frank Hallsworth
- They All Laughed (1981) as John Russo
- Tales of Ordinary Madness (1981) as Charles Serking
- The Girl from Trieste (1982) as Dino Romani
- A Proper Scandal (1984) as The man with no memory
- My Dearest Son (1985) as Avv. Antonio Morelli
- An Early Frost (1985) as Nick Pierson
- La donna delle meraviglie (1985) as Alberto
- The Professor (1986) as Il Professore
- Champagne amer (1986) as Paul Rivière
- Control (1987) as Mike Zella
- Quicker Than the Eye (1988) as Ben Norrell
- Don Bosco (1988) as Don Bosco
- Road House (1989) as Brad Wesley
- Oltre l'oceano (1990)
- Lies Before Kisses (1991) as Grant Sanders
- Forever (1991) as Marcello Rondi
- Parallel Lives (1994) as Charlie Duke
- Sherwood's Travels (1994) as Raphael de Pietro
- Les hirondelles ne meurent pas à Jérusalem (1994) as Moshe
- Nefertiti, figlia del sole (1994) as Amanophis III
- Paleoworld (1994) as Narrator
- The Zone (1995) as Dick Althorp
- Banditi (1995) as Amos
- Ladykiller (1996) as Lt. Jack 'Jigsaw' Lasky
- Farmer & Chase (1997) as Farmer
- Shadow Conspiracy (1997) as Vice President Saxon
- Stag (1997) as Frank Grieco
- The Spanish Prisoner (1997) as Mr. Klein
- Vicious Circles (1997) as March
- Too Tired to Die (1998) as John Sage
- Buffalo '66 (1998) as Jimmy Brown
- The Big Lebowski (1998) as Jackie Treehorn
- Happiness (1998) as Lenny Jordan
- Illuminata (1998) as Old Flavio
- Summer of Sam (1999) as Luigi
- The Thomas Crown Affair (1999) as Andrew Wallace
- Shark in a Bottle (1999) as The Arranger
- Jack of Hearts (1999) as Bartossa
- Paradise Cove (1999) as The Narrator
- Blue Moon (2000) as Frank Cavallo
- Believe (2000) as Ellicott Winslowe
- Very Mean Men (2000) as Gino Minetti
- Undertaker's Paradise (2000) as Jim
- The List (2000) as D.A. Bernard Salman
- Nella terra di nessuno (2000) as L'avvocato Scalzi
- Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, episode "Wrath" (2001) as Executive Assistant Attorney
- Home Sweet Hoboken (2001)
- Brian's Song (2001) as Coach Halas
- Hysterical Blindness (2002) as Nick
- L'ospite segreto (2003) as Solomos
- Dogville (2003) as Jack McKay
- Bonjour Michel (2005) as Michele Terranova
- Schubert (2005) as Don José
- Pope John Paul II (2005) as Cardinal Agostino Casaroli
- The Shore (2005) as Mr. Bob Harris
- Paris, je t'aime (2006) as Ben (segment "Quartier Latin")
- L'onore e il rispetto (2006) as Fred Di Venanzio
- Quiet Flows the Don (2006) as Gen. Secretov
- Looking for Palladin (2008) as Jack Palladin
- Eve (2008) as Joe
- Empire State Building Murders (2008) as Paulie Genovese
- Holy Money (2009) as Vatican's Banker
- 13 (2010) as Schlondorff
- Christopher Roth (2010) as Paul Andersen
- Chez Gino (2011) as Oncle Giovanni
- Ristabbànna (2011) (final film role)
- "Ben Gazzara Biography". filmreference. 2008. Archived from the original on March 29, 2008. Retrieved April 4, 2008.
- Sutton 2008; Harris (2009).
- Rothstein, Mervyn. "Running Cool — Ben Gazzara's Long Stage and Screen Career has Included a Love Affair with a Good Smoke". Cigar Aficionado. Archived from the original on June 8, 2007. Retrieved November 1, 2007.
- "Broadway: the Golden Age ...", 2006
- Genzlinger, Neil (February 3, 2012). "Ben Gazzara, Actor of Stage and Screen, Dies at 81" – via NYTimes.com.
- "Ben Gazzara TV Guide profile". Tvguide.com. August 28, 1930. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "The Wait". www.babelefilm.com. Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- California, Marriage Index, 1960-1985
- "Ben Gazzara, Risk Taking Actor, Dead at 81". The New York Times.
- Gazzara, Ben In the Moment: My Life as an Actor, NY: Carroll & Graf Publishers, pp. 187–93
- "Czechoslovakia Admits US Film Crew". Saskatoon Star-Phoenix. June 18, 1968. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "Film Stars Trapped in Czechoslovakia", The Hartford Courant, August 22, 1968
- Newspaper article, Invasion Halted Film in Czechoslovakia, by Bob Thomas, Associated Press, printed in The Nevada Daily Mail, October 31, 1968.
- In the Moment: My Life as an Actor by Ben Gazzara, 2004, pp. 141–42
- "Ben Gazzara Dies at 81".
- Genzlinger, Neil (February 3, 2012). "Ben Gazzara, a Risk-Taking Actor of Stage and Screen, Dies at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed., p. 273 (Google Books)
- Broadway: The Golden Age: By the Legends Who Were There, a film by Rick McKay Films, etc. Broadcast on KCET, Ch.28 PBS in Los Angeles, December 16, 2006. Gazzara speaks openly about getting off of 29th St.
- Harris, Irving (2009), Madison Square Memoir: The Magic and History of Madison Square Boys and Girls Club (visit www.madisonsquare.org); Gazzara wrote the introduction.
- Sutton, Imre, 2008. Back to E. 29th Street: Where Fact and Fiction Revisit Kips Bay, N.Y. (Fullerton, CA: Americo Publications) See http://ecommons.library.cornell.edu/handle/1813/11665.
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