|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (April 2013)|
June 22, 1903|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||June 7, 1971
Palm Springs, California
|Genres||Jazz, dixieland, swing, big band|
|Labels||Banner, Cameo, Domino, Lincoln, Perfect, Romeo, Bluebird, Brunswick, Vocalion|
|Associated acts||Harry Bastin Band, New Orleans Rhythm Kings|
Ben Pollack (June 22, 1903 – June 7, 1971) was an American drummer and bandleader from the mid-1920s through the swing era. His eye for talent led him to employ musicians such as Benny Goodman, Jack Teagarden, Glenn Miller, Jimmy McPartland, and Harry James. This ability earned him the nickname the "Father of Swing".
Ben Pollack was born in Chicago, Illinois, in 1903. He played drums in school and formed groups on the side, performing professionally in his teens. He joined the Harry Bastin Band and then the New Orleans Rhythm Kings in the 1920s. In 1924 he played for several bands, including some on the west coast, which ultimately led to his forming a band, the 12-piece Venice Ballroom Orchestra, there in 1925. In 1926, he had a band named the Ten Californians, which had some performances broadcast on WLW radio in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Pollack formed his own band in 1926. Over time the band included Benny Goodman, Glenn Miller, Jack Teagarden, and Jimmy McPartland. One of the earliest members of his band was Gil Rodin, a saxophonist whose business acumen served him well later as an executive for the Music Corporation of America.
From about 1928, with involvement from Irving Mills, members of Pollack's band moonlighted at Plaza-ARC and recorded a vast quantity of hot dance and jazz for their dime store labels — Banner, Perfect, Domino, Cameo, Lincoln, Romeo — under the names Mills' Merry Makers, Goody's Good Timers, Kentucky Grasshoppers, Mills' Musical Clowns, The Lumberjacks, Dixie Daises, The Caroliners, The Whoopee Makers, The Hotsy Totsy Gang, Dixie Jazz Band, and Jimmy Bracken's Toe Ticklers. Combining Pollack's regular recordings with these side groups made Pollack's one of the more prolific bands of the 1920s and 1930s.
Pollack's band played in Chicago and moved to New York City around the fall of 1928, having obtained McPartland and Teagarden around that time. This outfit enjoyed immense success, playing for Broadway shows and winning an exclusive engagement at the Park Central Hotel. Pollack's band was involved in extensive recording activity at that time, using a variety of pseudonyms in the studios. The orchestra also made a Vitaphone short subject sound film.
Pollack, in the meantime, had fancied himself as more of a bandleader-singer type instead of a drummer. To this end, he signed Ray Bauduc to handle the drumming chores. Benny Goodman and Jimmy McPartland left the band in the summer of 1929. They were replaced by Matty Matlock on clarinet and Jack Teagarden's brother, Charlie, on trumpet. Eddie Miller was also signed as a tenor saxophonist in 1930.
Breakup and reformation
Pollack reformed his band with Harry James and Irving Fazola. With James he wrote the hit "Peckin'". In the early 1940s, he orgainzed a band led by comedian Chico Marx. He started Jewel Records, opened restaurants in Hollywood and Palm Springs, appeared as himself in the movie The Benny Goodman Story, and made a cameo in The Glenn Miller Story.
Pollack's bands from the 1920s–1940s included Benny Goodman, Bud Freeman, Dick Cathcart, Eddie Miller, Frank Teschemacher, Freddie Slack, Glenn Miller, Harry James, Irving Fazola, Jack Teagarden, Jimmy McPartland, Joe Marsala, Matty Matlock, Muggsy Spanier, and Yank Lawson.
Pollack and Doris Robbins, who had no children, were divorced in 1957. In later years, Pollack grew despondent and committed suicide by hanging in his home in Palm Springs in 1971. He was buried in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery.
In 1992, Pollack was inducted into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame.
Pollack left Victor in late 1929 and recorded for Hit of the Week (1930), the dime store labels (Banner, Cameo, Domino, Lincoln, Perfect, Romeo) (1930–1931), Victor (1933), Columbia (1933–1934), Brunswick, Vocalion and Variety (1936–37), and Decca (1937–1938).
Most of these records are listed in discographical books (like Brian Rust's Jazz Records) as by Irving Mills. Jack Teagarden's Music lists them as a "Ben Pollack Unit".
Pollack co-wrote the jazz standard "Tin Roof Blues" in 1923 when he was a member of the New Orleans Rhythm Kings. The band's trombonist George Brunies is also credited as a composer. In 1954, Jo Stafford recorded "Make Love to Me", which used Pollack's music from "Tin Roof Blues". "Make Love to Me" was No. 1 for three weeks in Billboard magazine and No. 2 in Cashbox. The song was also recorded by Anne Murray and B. B. King.
- Presenting Lily Mars (1943) – saxophonist in Bob Crosby's Orchestra (uncredited)
- Dark City (1950) – bettor (uncredited)
- Disc Jockey (1951) – himself
- The Glenn Miller Story (1954) – himself
- The Benny Goodman Story (1956) – himself
- "'Father of Swing' Ben Pollack dies". The Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. June 9, 1971. p. 36. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- Eder, Bruce. "Ben Pollack | Biography & History | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- "(Ballroom Pickering Park ad)". The San Bernardino County Sun. California, San Bernardino. September 1, 1925. p. 4. Retrieved June 2, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "(radio listing)". The Journal News. Ohio, Hamilton. March 5, 1926. p. 15. Retrieved June 2, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Ben Pollack". Retrieved May 20, 2009.
- Ben Pollack at Find a Grave
- "(Aaron's advertisement)". The Daily Courier. Pennsylvania, Connellsville. February 3, 1927. p. 3. Retrieved June 2, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Jack Teagardenn's Music – His Career and Recordings by Howard J. Waters, Jr. (Walter C. Allen, 1960)
- Jazz Records 1897–1942 by Brian Rust, 5th revised and enlarged edition (Storyville Publications, 1982)