18 July 1935 (age 87)
|Known for||Lettrism, Performance art|
He discovered Yves Klein and the Nouveau Réalisme in the 1950s, but he became quickly interested in the French dada artist Marcel Duchamp and the music of John Cage. In 1959, Vautier founded the journal Ben Dieu. In 1960, he had his first one-man show, Rien et tout in Laboratoire 32.
He is also active in Mail-Art and is mostly known for his text-based paintings or écritures began in 1953, with his work Il faut manger. Il faut dormir. Another example of the latter is "L'art est inutile. Rentrez chez vous" (Art is Useless, Go Home). A notable work made for Harald Szeemann's Documenta 5 exhibition in 1972 shouts, “KUNST IST ÜBERFLÜSSIG” (English: Art is Superfluous), and was installed across the top of the Fridericianum museum in Kassel, Germany.
He has long defended the rights of minorities in all countries, and he has been influenced by the theories of François Fontan about ethnism. For example, he has defended the Occitan language (southern France).
His work is included in some of the most important collections in the world, including MOMA in New York or Museo Reina Sofía in Madrid. The Centre Pompidou in Paris has Ben Vautier's Magasin, a massive piece, on permanent display. In 2022 the MUAC in Mexico City organized one of the most ambitious exhibitions about Vautier, curated by Ferran Barenblit.
Vautier (2019) by Olivier Meyer
- Russell, John (1982-02-12). "Art: Return of the Once Despised 'Belle-Peinture'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-09-14.
- "Reissue of Ben Dieu (1963)". ben-vautier.com. Archived from the original on 2002-04-29. Retrieved 2021-09-14.
- Glueck, Grace (1983-02-13). "Gallery View; Some Roguish 60's Art Achieves Museum Status". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-09-14.
- "Retrospective: documenta". documenta 5. Archived from the original on 2015-08-28. Retrieved 2021-09-14.
- "Ben Vautier | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 2022-11-09.
- "Ben (Benjamin Vautier) - Regardez-moi, cela suffit (Miradme, con eso me basta)". www.museoreinasofia.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-11-09.
- Centre George Pompidou. "Le Magasin Ben Vautier".
- (in French) Official website