Benadiri people

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Regions with significant populations
Somali, Arabic
Related ethnic groups
Somalis, Arabians (Yemenis and Omanis in particular), South Asians, Persians, and the Swahili

The Benadiri people (Somali: Reer Benaadir, Arabic: بناديري‎), also known as Reer Xamar (pronounced "Hamar") or "people of Xamar",[1] are a multiracial clan. Members largely inhabit the Benadir region in south-central Somalia.


Former Deputy Mayor of Mogadishu Mohammed Nur Iman Kar, a member of the Benadiri Somali clan.

Although the Benadiri are sometimes described as the founders of Mogadishu (hence, their colloquial name Reer Xamar or "People of Mogadishu",[1] though the city itself is postulated to be a successor of ancient Sarapion[2]), their members actually trace their origins to diverse groups. The latter primarily comprise various other Somali clans, with some additional influences from the ancient Emozeidi Arabs and Persians.[3]

Reer Xamar were instrumental in helping to consolidate the local Muslim community, especially in the coastal Benadir region.[4][5] During the colonial period, they were also among the founding members of the Somali Youth League, Somalia's first political party.[6]

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Abbink, p.18.
  2. ^ Vérin, Pierre (1986). The History of Civilisation in North Madagascar. A.A. Balkema. p. 30. 
  3. ^ Africa, Volumes 8-9. Kraus Reprint. 1975. p. 199. Retrieved 13 June 2018. 
  4. ^ Cassanelli, Lee V. (1973). "The Benaadir past: essays in southern Somali history". University of Wisconsin: 24. 
  5. ^ Muslims in the Diaspora (1999) Rima Berns-McGown, page 21
  6. ^ I. M. Lewis, A pastoral democracy: a study of pastoralism and politics among the Northern Somali of the Horn of Africa, (LIT Verlag Münster: 1999), p.304.