Benadiri people

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Benadiri
البنادر
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Somali
Religion
Islam
Related ethnic groups
Somalis, Arabians (Yemenis and Omanis in particular), the Bravanese, South Asians, Persians, and the Swahili

The Benadiri people (Somali: Reer Benaadir, Arabic: البنادر‎), also known as Reer Xamar (pronounced "Hamar") or "people of Xamar",[1] are a multiracial confederation of clans. Members largely inhabit Somalia's southern coastline.

Etymology[edit]

The term Benadiri derives from the Persian term Bandar meaning coastal.[2] It has since been applied to refer to Somalia's multiracial coastal communities.[3][2] There is a Somali administrative region (gobol) with a similar etymology, although Benadiri peoples can be found outside of this region along Somalia's southern coast and should not be confused with the Benaadir administrative district.[2][3]

Overview[edit]

Former Deputy Mayor of Mogadishu Mohammed Nur Iman Kar, a member of the Benadiri Somali clan.

Although the Benadiri are sometimes described as the founders of Mogadishu (hence, their colloquial name Reer Xamar or "People of Mogadishu",[1] though the city itself is postulated to be a successor of ancient Sarapion[4]), their members actually trace their origins to diverse groups. The latter primarily comprise various other Somali clans, with some additional influences from the ancient Emozeidi Arabs, Persians, and South Asians.[5][6]

Reer Xamar were instrumental in helping to consolidate the local Muslim community, especially in the coastal Benadir region.[7][8] During the colonial period, they were also among the founding members of the Somali Youth League, Somalia's first political party.[9]

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Abbink, p.18.
  2. ^ a b c Anita, Adam. (2011). Benadiri people of Somalia : with particular reference to the Reer Hamar of Mogadishu. School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London). OCLC 768068638.
  3. ^ a b Gundel, Joakim (2009). Clans in Somalia (PDF). Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (Report).
  4. ^ Vérin, Pierre (1986). The History of Civilisation in North Madagascar. A.A. Balkema. p. 30.
  5. ^ Africa, Volumes 8-9. Kraus Reprint. 1975. p. 199. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  6. ^ https://rlp.hds.harvard.edu/faq/benadiri
  7. ^ Cassanelli, Lee V. (1973). "The Benaadir past: essays in southern Somali history". University of Wisconsin: 24. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ Muslims in the Diaspora (1999) Rima Berns-McGown, page 21
  9. ^ I. M. Lewis, A pastoral democracy: a study of pastoralism and politics among the Northern Somali of the Horn of Africa, (LIT Verlag Münster: 1999), p.304.

References[edit]