Benaulim

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Not to be confused with Benauli, a town in Nepal and Banawali, an archaeological site in Haryana, India.
Benaulim
Census town
Etymology: Village of the arrow
Benaulim is located in Goa
Benaulim
Benaulim
Location in Goa, India
Benaulim is located in India
Benaulim
Benaulim
Benaulim (India)
Coordinates: 15°15′N 73°55′E / 15.25°N 73.92°E / 15.25; 73.92Coordinates: 15°15′N 73°55′E / 15.25°N 73.92°E / 15.25; 73.92
Country  India
State Goa
District South Goa
Sub-district Salcete
Elevation 1 m (3 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 11 919
Demonym(s) Benaulimcar
Languages
 • Official Konkani
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 403 716
Vehicle registration GA

Benaulim is a census town in the state of Goa, India. It is the neighbour of Colva village from the north, Margao in the northeast and Varca village from the south. During the Portuguese regime, it was one of the nine comunidades in the region of Salcete. Contemporary Benaulim is a popular seaside resort in South Goa district, renowned for its balmy weather, golden sands, and palm‑fringed beaches. It also houses Goa's only Don Bosco Animation Center. It is the birthplace of St. Joseph Vaz who was a priest and missionary in Sri Lanka.There are two popular churches in Benaulim. The Holy Trinity Church is a new church built with modern design near the beach area close to Maria Hall Junction, while St John the Baptist Church is old church popular for baptising St. Joseph Vaz. It is located in Cana benaulim.

There is one luxury hotel in Benaulim, Taj Exotica Resort & Spa, Goa. There is a hidden side of Benaulim beach entrance behind the resort. They hosted the 8th BRICS Summit in 2016.

Etymology[edit]

The village was known as Banahalli or Banawali (the village of the arrow) before the advent of the Portuguese. Ban is the Sanskrit word for 'arrow' and Halli the Kannada word for 'village'. According to the Sahyadrikhanda of the Skanda Purana, Lord Parashurama shot his arrow into the sea and commanded the sea god Varuna recede up to the point where his arrow landed.[2] The arrow is said to have landed at Banahalli. The area was then settled by Goud Saraswat Brahmins from northern India.[3]

History[edit]

Ancient Banahalli was the site of the Katyayani Baneshvar temple dedicated to the Hindu deities Shiva and Parvati. The temple ruins can be still found in the village. The deities were shifted to Aversa in North Canara (modern Uttara Kannada district) in the sixteenth century.[citation needed]

The tall type coconut cultivar, 'Banawali Green Round', the landrace of Benaulim, was selected and released as 'Pratap' in 1987 for cultivation in coastal Maharashtra by the Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli owing to its superior morphological and fruiting characteristics and high yielding nature.[4]

Geography[edit]

Benaulim is located at 15°16′12″N 73°56′5″E / 15.27000°N 73.93472°E / 15.27000; 73.93472. It has an average elevation of 1 metre (3.3 feet).[5]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Benaulim (2011)[6]

  Christianity (82.68%)
  Hinduism (13.05%)
  Islam (3.90%)
  Others (0.37%)

Benaulim has population of 11 919 of which 5 818 are males while 6 101 are females as per report released by Census of India 2011. Child population within the age group of 0–6 is 1 235 which is 10.36% of total population. Female sex ratio is of 1 049 against Goa state average of 973. Moreover, child sex ratio is around 992 compared to the state average of 942.[1]

Literacy is 89.25%, higher than state average of 88.70%. Male literacy is around 92.15% while female literacy rate is 86.51%.[1] Out of total population, 4 316 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this 3 087 were males while 1 229 were females.[7]

Benaulim has a predominantly Christian population (82.68%), followed by Hinduism (13.05%) and Islam (3.90%).[6] Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 0.99% while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 0.26% of total population.[8]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Benaulim beach
Activities Swimming swimming, Fishing fishing, parasailing, jet skiing, boat riding, and wind surfing

Benaulim has two beaches: Benaulim beach, which is the main beach, and Vaddi beach.[9] Benaulim beach is popular among the locals and tourists alike.[10] Apart from sunbathing and swimming, there are also options of parasailing, jet skiing, boat riding and wind surfing.[11]

Benaulim's main market is located near Maria Hall (which serves as an event hall) ,a community centre, where most accommodation, restaurants, grocers and chemists are concentrated.[12]

Notable people[edit]

Joze-Vaz.jpg St Joseph Vaz[13] (1651–1711): missionary Catholic priest who worked in Ceylon (modern day Sri Lanka)[14] and Canara (coastal Karnataka).[15]
Prof. Froilano de Mello, MD[16] (1887–1955): Luso-Indian microbiologist, medical scientist, academic, author and an independent MP in the Portuguese Parliament.[17]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Chandramouli 2015, #About Benaulim: Overview
  2. ^ Machado 1999, pp. 29–34
  3. ^ Machado 1999, pp. 35–38
  4. ^ Kurien & K. V. 2007, p. 155
  5. ^ "Benaulim, India Page", Falling Rain Genomics, Inc, retrieved 28 July 2017 
  6. ^ a b Chandramouli 2015, #About Benaulim: Benaulim Religion Data 2011
  7. ^ Chandramouli 2015, #Work Profile
  8. ^ Chandramouli 2015, #Caste Factor
  9. ^ McCulloch & Stott 2013, p. 113
  10. ^ "Introducing Benaulim", Lonely Planet, retrieved 28 July 2017 
  11. ^ "Top 5 water‑sports destinations in India", Moneycontrol.com, retrieved 28 July 2017 
  12. ^ "Maria Hall—Landmark in Benaulim", Lonely Planet, retrieved 28 July 2017 
  13. ^ "Goan‑born Joseph Vaz granted sainthood by Pope Francis in Sri Lanka", The First Post, 14 January 2015, retrieved 28 July 2017 
  14. ^ Fr Romualdo Robin Rodrigues (16 January 2015), "21 facts about St Joseph Vaz", O Heraldo, retrieved 28 July 2017 
  15. ^ "Feast of St Joseph Vaz", The Navhind Times, 17 January 2017, retrieved 28 July 2017 
  16. ^ Nandkumar M Kamat (27 September 2015), "Froilano De Melo: Pioneer of Indian medical mycology", The Navhind Times, retrieved 28 July 2017 
  17. ^ Dr Jose Colaco; Alfredo de Mello, John J D'Souza, ed., "Professor Froilano de Mello, MD (1887–1955): A Short Biography of His Life and Achievements", Goacom.com, Goacom Biography Series, archived from the original on 24 December 2011, retrieved 28 July 2017 

References[edit]