Benavides, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Benavides, Texas
City
Location of Benavides, Texas
Location of Benavides, Texas
Coordinates: 27°35′48″N 98°24′43″W / 27.59667°N 98.41194°W / 27.59667; -98.41194Coordinates: 27°35′48″N 98°24′43″W / 27.59667°N 98.41194°W / 27.59667; -98.41194
Country United States
State Texas
County Duval
Area
 • Total 1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2)
 • Land 1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 371 ft (113 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,362
 • Density 756/sq mi (292.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 78341
Area code(s) 361
FIPS code 48-07528[1]
GNIS feature ID 1330408[2]

Benavides is a city in Duval County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,362 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 1,686 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

The town is named after Plácido Benavides (1837–1919),[4][5] namesake nephew of Plácido Benavides (1810–1837), Tejano 1832 alcalde of Victoria, who served under Stephen F. Austin with Juan Seguin, in the Siege of Béxar.

Plácido Benavides whom the town is named after served in the Confederate States Army. After the war, he built his "Rancho Palo Alto" into one of the largest ranches in Duval County. In 1880, he agreed to let the county locate a railroad station on his property. In 1881, he donated 80 acres (32 ha) to establish the community that grew up around the station on the Texas Mexican Railway.

In 1882 Archie Parr arrived to manage the Sweden Ranch for the Lott & Nielson Pasture Company. The former schoolteacher and ranch hand was later a rancher, Texas state senator, and the first "Duke of Duval", political boss of the county. His middle son, George Berham Parr, succeeded him as El Patrón and Duke of Duval. Other descendants of Archie also figured prominently in county politics. In 1911, Archie campaigned unsuccessfully to move the county courthouse from San Diego to Benavides.[6]

Geography[edit]

Benavides is located southeast of the center of Duval County at 27°35′48″N 98°24′43″W / 27.59667°N 98.41194°W / 27.59667; -98.41194 (27.596677, -98.411884),[7] in the valley of Santa Gertrudis Creek. Texas State Highway 359 runs through the city, leading northeast 15 miles (24 km) to San Diego, the county seat, and southwest 27 miles (43 km) to Hebbronville. Texas State Highway 339 also passes through Benavides, leading northwest 24 miles (39 km) to Freer, and south 25 miles (40 km) to its end at TX 285.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Benavides has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), all of it land.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,424
1940 3,081
1950 3,016 −2.1%
1960 2,459 −18.5%
1970 1,841 −25.1%
1980 1,978 7.4%
1990 1,788 −9.6%
2000 1,686 −5.7%
2010 1,362 −19.2%
Est. 2015 1,317 [8] −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,686 people, 625 households, and 444 families residing in the city. The population density was 934.0 people per square mile (359.7/km²). There were 776 housing units at an average density of 429.9 per square mile (165.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.57% White, 0.06% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 13.82% from other races, and 2.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 95.55% of the population.

There were 625 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,513, and the median income for a family was $27,059. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $15,481 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,332. About 25.1% of families and 28.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.2% of those under age 18 and 32.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The city of Benavides is served by the Benavides Independent School District.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Benavides has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Benavides city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2016. 
  4. ^ DeLeon, 1980, p.4
  5. ^ Kohout, Martin Donell. "Benavides, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 16 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Lynch, Dudley M. (January 1, 1976). The Duke of Duval: The Life and Times of George B. Parr. Waco: Texian Press. ISBN 0-87244-044-3. LCCN 76-54438. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Benavides, Texas

Further reading[edit]

  • De León, Arnoldo (1980). Benavides: The Town and Its Founder, 1880. Benavides, Texas: Benavides City Council-Benavides Centennial Committee. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  • De León, Arnoldo (n.d.). A Social History of Mexican Americans in Nineteenth Century Duval County. San Diego, Texas: Duval County Commissioners Court.  Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

External links[edit]