The bendir is a traditional instrument that is played throughout North Africa, as well as in Sufi ceremonies; it was played, too, in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. In Turkish, the word bendir means "a big hand frame drum".
Construction and play
The bandir often has a snare (usually made of gut) stretched across the head, which gives the tone a buzzing quality when the drum is struck with the fingers or palm. The drum is played in a vertical position. One holds the drum by looping the thumb of the non-dominant hand through a hole in the frame.
- Raine-Reusch, Randy (2010). Play the World: The 101 World Instrument Primer. Pacific, MO.: Mel Bay Publications. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-61065-251-3.
- "Bendir - History". Lark in the Morning. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
- Éireann, Comhaltas Ceoltóirí. "Comhaltas: Bodhrán: its origin, meaning and history". comhaltas.ie. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- Bendir at Eckermann Drums Austria