The bendir (Arabic: بندير, plural banadir, بنادير) is a wooden-framed frame drum of North Africa and Southwest Asia.
The bendir is a traditional instrument that is played throughout North Africa, as well as in Sufi ceremonies; it was played, too, in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. In Turkish, the word bendir means "a big hand frame drum".
Construction and play
The bandir often has a snare (usually made of gut) stretched across the head, which gives the tone a buzzing quality when the drum is struck with the fingers or palm. The drum is played in a vertical position. One holds the drum by looping the thumb of the non-dominant hand through a hole in the frame.
Similar frame drums include the tar of Egypt and the bodhrán of Ireland. Unlike the bendir, the tar does not have a snare on the back of the frame, and the bodhrán is played with a beater.
- ^ Raine-Reusch, Randy (2010). Play the World: The 101 World Instrument Primer. Pacific, MO.: Mel Bay Publications. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-61065-251-3.
- ^ "Bendir - History". Lark in the Morning. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
- ^ Éireann, Comhaltas Ceoltóirí. "Comhaltas: Bodhrán: its origin, meaning and history". comhaltas.ie. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- Bendir at Eckermann Drums Austria
- African drums
- Medicine drums
- Hand drums
- North African musical instruments
- Tuareg musical instruments
- Tunisian musical instruments
- Algerian musical instruments
- Arabic musical instruments
- Turkish musical instruments
- Instruments of Ottoman classical music
- Instruments of Turkish makam music
- Berber musical instruments