Benedicta Henrietta of the Palatinate
|Benedicta Henrietta of Hanover|
|Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg|
|Spouse||John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg|
|Charlotte, Duchess of Modena
Wilhelmine, Holy Roman Empress
|Father||Prince Palatine Edward|
14 March 1652|
|Died||12 August 1730
Braunschweiger Schloss, Hanover, Germany
Princess Palatine Benedicta Henrietta (Benedicta Henrietta Philippina; 14 March 1652 – 12 August 1730) was a German princess, the third and youngest daughter of Prince Palatine Edward and his French wife, the political hostess Anna Gonzaga. Benedicta became the Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg, or of Hanover, by her marriage to Duke John Frederick. She was an ancestor of Louis XVI of France and Philippe Égalité, as well as several European monarchs of the 21st century.
Born in Paris to the landless Prince Palatine Edward, Bénédicte Henriette's paternal grandparents were Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth Stuart, the Winter Queen. Her maternal grandparents were Charles I, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat and his French wife Catherine de Guise, daughter of Charles de Lorraine-Guise, Duke of Mayenne. She was the youngest of three daughters.
Marriage and later life
She was married at the age of sixteen to a distant cousin, John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who was the same age as her father, and childless. They were married on 30 November 1668. The union, which had been arranged by the French diplomatist Gourville produced four daughters.
John Frederick died in 1679 without a male heir, and the duchy of Brunswick was inherited by his Protestant younger brother, Ernest Augustus, the husband of Sophia of Hanover and father of George I of Great Britain. After her husband's death, Benedicta returned to her native France and resided there with her sister, the princess of Condé.
- Anna Sophie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (10 February 1670 – 24 March 1672), died in infancy;
- Charlotte of Brunswick-Lüneburg (8 March 1671 – 29 September 1710), married Rinaldo d'Este, Duke of Modena and had issue;
- Henriette Maria of Brunswick-Lüneburg (9 March 1672 – 4 September 1757), never married;
- Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg (21 April 1673 – 10 April 1742), married Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor and had issue.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 14 March 1652 – 30 November 1668 Countess Palatine Benedicta of Simmern
- 30 November 1668 – 18 December 1679 Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
- 18 December 1679 – 12 August 1730 Her Serene Highness the Dowager Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
- Bougaud, 258
- Littell's living age, Volume 166
- State papers and correspondence: illustrative of the social and political... By John Mitchell Kemble, p. 224
- Bougaud, Emile. St. Chantal and the Foundation of the Visitation. Vol. 2. New York: Benziger Brothers, 1895. Google Books. Web.
Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
|Duchess consort of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Served alongside: Éléonore Desmier d'Olbreuse
Title next held bySophia of Hanover