Benedictine monastery in Abu Ghosh
The Benedictine monastery in Abu Ghosh, named St Mary of the Resurrection Abbey, is a monastery run by the Olivetan Benedictine order. It is centered on the Church of the Resurrection, or Church of our Lord's Resurrection, built by the Crusaders in the 12th century on top of Roman ruins in the center of the village of Abu Ghosh, Israel. The Crusaders assumed for a while that the village, which they called Fontenoid and the Arabs called until the 19th century Qaryet al-'Inab, was standing at the site of Emmaus from the Gospel of Luke.
France claims ownership of the land on which the monastery is standing under the Ottoman capitulations and further it claims this has been formalised by the Fischer-Chauvel Agreement of 1948, which has not been ratified by Israel.
The late Romanesque/early Gothic-style church was built by the Hospitallers in 1140. It was acquired by the French government in 1899 and placed under guardianship of the French Benedictine Fathers. Edward Robinson (1838) described it as “obviously from the time of the crusades, and [...] more perfectly preserved than any other ancient church in Palestine.” Excavations carried out in 1944 confirm that the Crusaders identified the site as the biblical Emmaus. The church is built over an ancient spring.
From 1956, the monastery was run by the Lazarist Fathers.
- Denys Pringle, The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Corpus, p. 7ff
- Women of Bible lands: a pilgrimage to compassion and wisdom By Martha Ann Kirk, page 143
- Official website (in French and English)
- Video of the History and presentation of the benedictine community in Abu Gosh (in French) with subtitles in English.