In the mining industry beneficiation or benefication in extractive metallurgy, is any process which removes the gangue minerals from ore to produce a higher grade product (concentrate), and a waste stream (tailings). Some beneficiation processes are froth flotation and gravity separation.
Other economic uses exist, for example in the diamond industry, the beneficiation imperative argues that cutting and polishing processes within the diamond value chain should be conducted in-country to maximise the local economic contribution.
- >"Beneficiation". Department of Mineral Resources, Republic of South Africa.
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- Carter, C. Barry; M. Grant Norton (2007). "Beneficiation". Ceramic materials: science and engineering. Berlin: Springer. p. 347. ISBN 0-387-46270-8. OCLC 77012326. Retrieved 15 May 2009.
- Smith, Mick R.; L. Collis; P. G. Fookes (2001). "Beneficiation". Aggregates: Sand, Gravel and Crushed Rock Aggregates for Construction Purposes. London: Geological Society. pp. 124–129. ISBN 1-86239-079-7. OCLC 46600322. Retrieved 15 May 2009.
- Baartjes, N. L. (2007). "Diamonder Beneficiation: Structural Impediments And How To Unblock These In South Africa" (PDF). Diamonds Source to Use 2007. The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Retrieved 15 May 2009.
- Suptelya, V. V.; S. A. Martynov; V. P. Butuzov; V. A. Khvan (July 1977). "Beneficiation of synthetic diamonds by ultrasound". Journal of Mining Science 13 (4): 439–441. doi:10.1007/BF02498516.
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