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A benefit is a match or season of activities granted by a sporting body to a loyal sportsman to boost their income before retirement. Often this is in the form of a match for which all the ticket proceeds are given to the player in question. However hosting one of these matches is a risk for the player in question as he/she is responsible for paying any relevant receipts and collects any excess income from the match, therefore income from such matches is more often than not reliant on attendance.
There have been occasions when a testimonial match was not held until the players had been retired for over a decade. This occurred when Bill O'Reilly and Stan McCabe, Australian Test cricketers of the 1930s, were given a joint testimonial by the New South Wales Cricket Association.
Sometimes, the "beneficiary" can opt to give part or all of the money to charity. An example of this is Paul Collingwood's 2007 benefit with Durham County Cricket Club. This may also occur when sportsmen unite for a cause, for example the Rafael Nadal vs Roger Federer "Match for Africa" (2010) where more than $2.6 million was raised for the Roger Federer Foundation, enabling children living in poverty to realise their potential.
Benefit matches originated in English county cricket in a time period where playing sport, in particular cricket, for a living didn't offer as big of an income as it does in modern society (2015), holding a benefit at a player's 10 year service mark or retirement mark was considered a form of retirement/insurance policy. Benefit matches are confused with Testimonial matches, it's important to note that this is a direct gift from the club where income is guaranteed unlike in a benefit where income is often dependent on attendance. Similar events were organised in Baseball in the 1860s, these events often occurred at season end involving the stars of the sport to acknowledge a significant member of the sport. However a rule established by the NABBP in 1859 prohibited any player compensation, the basis of this rule was to maintain fair game in competition and avoid professional vs. amateur situations arising.
- 1933, Don Blackie and Bert Ironmonger
- 1934, T. J. E. Andrews, Herbie Collins, and Charles Kelleway
- 1948, Stan Squires benefit match 
- 1861, Creighton & Pierce 
- Sadiford & Vamplew, Keith A.P & Wray (1999). "County cricketers' benefits and testimonials, 1946–85,". The International Journal of the History of Sport. doi:10.1080/09523369908714056.
- "Match for Africa 2". 2014.
- "Roger Federer Foundation". 2015.
- "Nadal, Federer Unite For Children In Madrid". ATP World Tour. 2010.
- Furst, R. Terry (2014). Early Professional Baseball and The Sporting Press. McFarland. pp. 110, 116, 117, 122. ISBN 9781476606255.
- Ironmongera.gov.au/ndp/del/article/16959935 "The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)" Check
- Hill, Alan (2012). The Bedsers: Twinning Truimphs. Random House. pp. chapter 5. ISBN 9781780574141.
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