Benelli M4

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Benelli M4 Super 90
Benelli m4 2.jpg
The Benelli M4 Super 90
TypeCombat shotgun
Semi-automatic shotgun
Place of originItaly
Service history
In service1999–present
Used bySee Users
WarsAfghan War
Iraq War
Libyan Civil War
Syrian Civil War
Second Libyan Civil War
Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)
Production history
DesignerBenelli Armi SPA
ManufacturerBenelli Armi SPA
Mass3.82 kg (8.42 lb)
Length885 mm (34.8 in)
Barrel length470 mm (18.5 in)

Caliber12 gauge
ActionGas-operated, rotating bolt
Effective firing range55 yards (50 meters),[1] (164 ft)
Feed system5+1 (civilian) or 7+1 (Military, LE) internal tube (Using 2.75 shells) magazine
SightsGhost ring sight, Picatinny rail for sights

The Benelli M4 Super 90 is an Italian semi-automatic shotgun manufactured by Benelli Armi SpA.


On May 4, 1998, the United States Army's Armaments Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey issued Solicitation #DAAE30-98-R-0401, requesting submissions for a new 12 gauge, semi-automatic combat shotgun for the U.S. military. In response to the request, Benelli Armi SpA of Urbino, Italy designed and built the Benelli M4 Super 90 Combat Shotgun. On August 4, 1998, five samples of the M4 were delivered to Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, and after intense testing, the M4 had beaten the competition. In early 1999, ARDEC awarded the M1014 Joint Service Combat Shotgun contract to Heckler & Koch, American subsidiary for importation of the Benelli M4 Combat Shotgun. The first units (count of 20,000) were delivered to the United States Marine Corps in 1999. During testing, the prototype was named XM1014, but after adoption, the 'X' was dropped, and the weapon was officially designated the M1014.[2]


The M4 was the first gas-operated shotgun produced by Benelli. Its function is designed around an entirely new method called the "auto regulating gas operated" (ARGO) system. The short-stroke design uses two stainless-steel self-cleaning pistons located just ahead of the chamber to function opposite the rotating bolt, thereby eliminating the need for the complex mechanisms found on other gas-actuated automatics. The ARGO incorporates only four parts: two symmetrical shrouds containing two small steel gas pistons.

Additionally, the weapon is self-regulating for use with cartridges of varying length and power levels. It can fire 2.75 (70 mm) and 3-inch (76 mm) shells of differing power-levels without any operator adjustments and in any combination. Low-power rounds, such as less-lethal rubber pellets, must be cycled manually.

The sights are military-style ghost ring and are adjustable in the field using only a cartridge rim. The MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny sight rail on top allows use of both conventional and night-vision sights, while retaining use of the original sights.

A U.S. Marine trains with the M1014 shotgun in December 2006.

The modular basis of the shotgun means many of its features can be reconfigured as needed. It allows a user to quickly exchange the various assembly groups (barrel, buttstock, forearm, etc.) without the use of tools.


Preliminary testing of the M4 suggests a high level of reliability. It can reliably function for at least 25,000 rounds without replacement of any major parts.[2][3] The steel components of the weapon feature a matte black phosphated corrosion resistant finish while the aluminum parts are matte hard-anodized. These finishes reduce the weapon's visibility during night operations.

The weapon requires little maintenance and operates in all climates and weather conditions.[citation needed]

Collapsible buttstock[edit]

The buttstock is collapsible on the M4 Model (designated 11707) but will not collapse on the M1014. This is because the M1014 was manufactured before the U.S. 1994 assault weapon ban expired, whereas the M11707 has been manufactured since the ban expired therefore not subject to the terms under the ban. Collapsing the buttstock shortens the weapon by almost 8 inches, allowing easier storage and transportation; furthermore, it permits better maneuverability around tight corners and over obstacles. The M4 is also available with a fixed stock (pistol grip and semi-pistol grip styles are both available). The M4 is no longer sold today with the skeleton fixed stock (model M11707) to civilians. Benelli only sells the M4 with a fixed pistol grip style tactical stock in the United States. However, the collapsible butt stock can be purchased by civilians in Canada.

Rail interface system[edit]

The rail interface system or Picatinny rail, built into the top of the shotgun accepts scopes, laser illuminators, night-vision sights, and flashlights. Most modern military firearms have similar structures.

Benelli Tactical and the M4[edit]

Benelli Tactical is a division of Beretta's Law Enforcement (LE) division. Benelli Tactical manages the sales of all Benelli tactical shotguns to law enforcement, government, and military entities. The M4 shotgun is sold in three configurations: M4 Entry with a 14 in barrel; M4 with an 18.5 in barrel; and M1014, which is an M4 with the "M1014" nomenclature on it for military usage only. M4 shotguns sold through Benelli tactical are available with the collapsible buttstock.

Benelli Tactical and Beretta LE have maintained the belief that the collapsible buttstock, while no longer illegal in the United States, is still only to be made available to law enforcement and government agencies. Benelli Tactical/Beretta LE will not sell these stocks to private individuals. Benelli Tactical does sell the stock piece for retrofitting the pistol grip stock for $150. The stock must be direct-shipped from Italy, however it and other aftermarket stocks are commercially available and not restricted by the United States.

Suggested retail price of the civilian version is around $1,899.[2][4] An NFA stamp is required to purchase or own the 14.5" barreled model only since this model is considered to be a Short Barreled Shotgun or SBS. Standard magazine capacity of the civilian version is 5+1, although it is possible to fit 6+1 and two shot extension tubes are sold by Benelli as well as some other companies. 9+1 extension tubes are also available, popular in 3-gun competitions. Some LE models have become available to private individuals on the secondary market.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "USMC Weapons". Archived from the original on 2010-04-16. Retrieved 2009-12-26.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Benelli M4 Super 90 / M1014 JSCS Semi-Automatic Combat Shotgun (1999)". Military Factory. February 5, 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-23.
  3. ^ "HK M4 Super 90/XM1014". Archived from the original on August 18, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-08.
  4. ^ "M4 Tactical Shotgun". Benelli USA. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
  5. ^
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  7. ^ "AusTender: Contract Notice View - CN192892". Retrieved 2013-10-09.
  8. ^ "3 марта исполняется 25 лет со дня образования группы "А" КГБ Беларуси". Archived from the original on 1 September 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  9. ^ 2nd row, 5th and 6th picture; special police member can be seen wielding a Benelli M4 shotgun with reflex sight. Zapovjedništvo specijalne policije, MUP. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
  10. ^ "Benelli M4 Super 90 shotgun on 2nd from the right, after the SPAS-12. Photographed on September 28, 2013 on the Croatian Police Day". Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
  11. ^ "ATI Upgrades for Benelli M4".
  12. ^ "Garda Resources". 28 November 2012. National Security Ireland. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  13. ^ Giorgio Beretta Mercoledì, 09 Marzo 2011 (2011-02-27). "L'Italia ha inviato 11mila Beretta semiautomatici al regime di Gheddafi / Notizie / Home" (in Italian). Unimondo. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
  14. ^ Royal Malaysian Customs Academy (2010). "Royal Malaysian Customs Academy: Firing range". Royal Malaysian Customs. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
  15. ^ Dan Alex. "GGK (Grup Gerak Khas) Malaysian Army Special Forces Weapons". Military Factory. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
  16. ^ Dan Alex. "PASKAU Malaysian Special Air Service Weapons". Military Factory. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
  17. ^ UN Mission in the Central African Republic MINUSCA (2017-03-02). "IMG_". UN Mission in the Central African Republic MINUSCA. Retrieved 2017-05-31.
  18. ^ " - Specijalna antiteroristička jedinica-SAJ".
  19. ^ "Špeciálne jednotky Slovenskej republiky - zásahová skupina - úrad boja proti organizovanej kriminalite". Archived from the original on 12 March 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  20. ^ "Vojaški policisti uspešno izvedli taktično vajo z bojnim streljanjem Pest 2010".
  21. ^ "Combat Shotgun". Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). Archived from the original on 2010-11-18. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
  22. ^ Shotguns Archived August 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ "Weapons & Demo". Navy SEALs. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
  24. ^ Published on (2009-02-25). "LAPD Approves Benelli M4 Tactical for Individual Officer Purchase". Retrieved 2013-10-09.

External links[edit]