Benenden

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Benenden
Benenden is located in Kent
Benenden
Benenden
Location within Kent
Population2,374 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ807329
Civil parish
  • Benenden
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCranbrook
Postcode districtTN17
Dialling code01580
PoliceKent
FireKent
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°04′03″N 0°34′42″E / 51.0675°N 0.5782°E / 51.0675; 0.5782Coordinates: 51°04′03″N 0°34′42″E / 51.0675°N 0.5782°E / 51.0675; 0.5782

Benenden is a village and civil parish in the borough of Tunbridge Wells in Kent, England. The parish is located on the Weald, 6 miles (10 km) to the west of Tenterden. In addition to the main village, Iden Green, East End, Dingleden and Standen Street settlements are included in the parish.[2]

The parish church is dedicated to St George, and is a 19th-century building on the site of a medieval building destroyed in a fire.[3] Benenden School, a private girls boarding school is located to the north of the village.

Origin of name[edit]

The place name of Benenden (pronounced Ben-en-den) derives from Old English meaning Bynna's wooded pasture. Bynning denn became Benindene (1086) Binnigdaenne, Bennedene (c1100) Bynindenne (1253) then the current spelling from 1610.[4][5]

History[edit]

A more detailed history can be found in the pdf file as part of a Conservation Appraisal[6] carried out by Tunbridge Wells District in April 2005

The Wealden iron industry existed in the area from before the Roman period, but evidence of two Roman roads built to take the iron from the Weald have been discovered, as well as other finds from the period such as a Roman settlement at Hemsted, now Benenden School.[7] The evidence of one road, that between Maidstone and Bodiam at Iden Green, is in the form of a paved ford.[8]

The Domesday Book surveyors remarked that Benindene was one of only four places in the Weald to have a church; although like most of the other such, the buildings of the settlement were scattered.[9] From the 14th century places such as Benenden became of industrial importance. The Wealden ironmasters continued what the Romans had done; and the other major industry, cloth-making, also helped to make the village prosperous. By the late 18th century, however, both industries had moved to the industrial north, and Benenden's prosperity was at an end. Benenden had four mills at various times. Wandle Mill, a watermill on the River Rother; East End Mill, a post mill at the site later occupied by the chest hospital, demolished c.1870; and a pair of mills to the east of the village, one of which, Beacon Mill is still standing.[10]

In 1860 Gathorne Hardy, later to become the 1st Earl of Cranbrook (1814–1906), a prominent politician, rebuilt the house in Hemsted Park, one of the Tudor buildings; in 1912 Lord Rothermere made further alterations. It now houses Benenden School

In 1907 a consortium of trade unions and friendly societies established a chest hospital in Goddard's Green Road, Benenden[11] for the treatment of tuberculosis. Today the hospital is an independent organisation, for most medical and surgical specialities and mainly treats members of The Benenden Healthcare Society as well as some NHS and private patients.

Benenden School[edit]

A well known private school, Benenden School is located to the north of the main village. The school's alumnae include Princess Anne, Lettice Curtis, Sue Ryder and Rachel Weisz.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  2. ^ Benenden Parish Council
  3. ^ St George's church Archived May 15, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ The Place Names of Kent, Judith Glover ISBN 0-905270-61-4
  5. ^ The Origin of English Place Names, P.H.Reaney ISBN 0-7100-2010-4
  6. ^ Conservation Appraisal on Beneden and Iden Green[permanent dead link] (PDF)
  7. ^ Pollard, Ernest; Aldridge, Neil (2008). "An Early Boundary Probably Anglo-Saxon Associated with Roman Sites in Benenden". Archaeologia Cantiana. 128: 301–303. open access
  8. ^ Lebon, Cecily (1984). "The Roman Ford at Iden Green, Benenden". Archaeologia Cantiana. 101: 69–81. open access
  9. ^ The Kent Village Book Alan Bignell, 1986, Countryside Books ISBN 1-85306-571-4
  10. ^ Coles Finch, William (1933). Watermills and Windmills. London: C W Daniel Company. p. 160.
  11. ^ History of Benenden Hospital Archived 2008-03-04 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]