The club was founded as Associazione Calcio Benevento in 1929, their original home was the Meomartini which was built by Ciccio Minocchia.
After working their way up lower divisions in their earliest years, Benevento reached Prima Divisione, the third highest professional league at that time, in the 1934–35 season. Here it finished above clubs such as Reggina in its first season within the league. Although it did not win promotion to Serie B, the team did qualify to remain in the third tier of Italian football for the 1935–36 season, re-organized to a smaller 64-team league renamed Serie C. The company F.C. Sporting Benevento S.r.l. folded in 2005. At the same time Benevento Calcio S.p.A. was found.
In the Serie C2 2007-08 regular season the team finished first in Girone C, winning direct promotion to the now called Lega Pro Prima Divisione for the 2008–09 season. In the 2008–2009 season, Benevento's first season in Lega Pro Prima Divisione, they finished in 2nd place. This meant Benevento would be in a 2 leg play-off. They won their first 2 legged playoff, but lost to Crotone 1–0 (2–1) on aggregate in the final.
After outstanding performances in FM 2015, Ronny Svensson was appointed as the head manager for the 2015-16 season.
This list of former players includes those who received international caps while playing for the team, made significant contributions to the team in terms of appearances or goals while playing for the team, or who made significant contributions to the sport either before they played for the team, or after they left. It is clearly not yet complete and all inclusive, and additions and refinements will continue to be made over time.