Bengali–Assamese languages

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bengali–Assamese
Gauda–Kamarupa
Geographic
distribution
Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal
Linguistic classificationIndo-European
Glottologgaud1237  (Gauda–Kamrupa)[1]

The Bengali–Assamese languages (or Assamese-Bengali languages) belong to the Eastern zone of Indo-Aryan languages. They are the following:

Languages[edit]

Language Native name Script Number of speakers (in millions) Native region
Bengali বাংলা
Bangla
Eastern Nagari script 261.8[2]  Bangladesh (national and official)
 India (West Bengal) (Jharkhand) (Tripura) (Assam) (Andaman and Nicobar islands)
Assamese অসমীয়া
Oxomiya
Eastern Nagari script 12.8[3]  India (Assam)
 Bangladesh (Mymensingh Division)
Rangpuri রংপুরী
রাজবংশী
কোচ ৰাজবংশী
Rongpuri
Rajbongši
Kʊch rajbongsi
Eastern Nagari script 15.3[4]  Bangladesh (Rangpur Division)
 India (West Bengal and Assam)
   Nepal (Province No. 1)
Chittagonian চাঁটগাঁইয়া
Čąŧgąiya
Eastern Nagari script 13[5]  Bangladesh (Chittagong Division)
 Myanmar (Rakhine State)
Sylheti ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ
ছিলটি
Siloŧi
Eastern Nagari script
Sylheti Nagari script
11.8[6]  Bangladesh (Sylhet Division)
 India (Assam)
Rohingya رُاَࣺينڠَ
Ruáingga
Arabic script
Hanifi script
2.52[7]  Myanmar (Rakhine State)
 Bangladesh (Chittagong Division)
Chakma 𑄌𑄋𑄴𑄟
চাকমা
Sangma
Eastern Nagari script
Chakma script
0.32[8]  Bangladesh (Chittagong Division)
 India (Mizoram and Tripura)
 Myanmar (Rakhine State)
Bishnupriya Manipuri বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী
Bișnupriya Monipuri"
Eastern Nagari script 0.12[9]  India (Assam, Manipur and Tripura)
 Bangladesh (Sylhet Division)
Hajong হাজং
Hazong
Eastern Nagari script 0.06[10]  India (Assam and Meghalaya)
 Bangladesh (Mymensingh Division)
Tanchangya 𑄖𑄧𑄐𑄴𑄌𑄧𑄁𑄉𑄴𑄡
তঞ্চংগ্যা
Toncongya
Eastern Nagari script
Chakma script
0.02[11]  Bangladesh (Chittagong Hill Tracts)

Language comparison chart[edit]

English Assamese Sylheti Bengali Chakma Chittagonian Kamata Rohingya Hajong
beautiful dhunia, xundor šundor šundor dol šundor
big daṅor, bor boṛo boṛo ḍoõr
blood tez lou, roxto rôkto lo lou lou, rokto
bread ruti, pauruti, luf ruṭi, bered ruṭi, pauruṭi fóruti ruti
brother bhai (-ti, -ek), kokai bái bhai, dada bai
cat mekuri, birali mekur, bilai biṛal, beṛal bilai bilai
dark andhar andair ôndhokar, ãdhar ãdar
daughter zi zi, furi me zi, fua
day din, bela din, din, bêla, dibôš din
door dar, duar, dorza dorza, doroza dôrja, duar duar duar
earth bhũi, p(r)ithiwi, p(r)ithibi dunia, duniai dunia, prithibi dunia
egg koni ḍim, enḍa, boida ḍim, anḍa boda boza, ḍim
elephant hati atti hati áti
eye soku souk cokh, sóg suk
father deuta, bap, büpai abba, baf, baba, abba, baba, bap baf, ba
fear bhoy, dor ḍor bhôy, ḍôr ḍor
finger aṅuli aṅguil aṅgul oul
fire zui, aguni aguin agun ain ooin
fish mas mas mach mas mas
food ahar, khadya, khaüni, khüa-bostu, khana khani, khawa zinis khabar hana
god bhogowan, issôr, deu rob, bogoban, xoda khoda, ishshôr, bhôgoban khúda
good bhal bála bhalo bala, gom gom bhala
grass ghah, kher (hay) ga, gaš ghaš, khôṛ (hay) kher
hand hat at hat at
hand fan bisoni bisoin, faxa hat pakha bisoin, bisein
head mur, matha, math mata matha mata
heart (emotion) hia, ontor, koliza dil, ontor ridôy, pran, ôntor, hia, dil dil, fôran
heart (organ) dil, amothu
horse ghüṛa guṛa ghoṛa gúṛa
house ghor, baha gór, bari ghôr, baṛi, baša gor
hunger bhük buk, feṭor búk khide, khidha, khudha bukh búk
language bhaxa, mat (call) báša, zoban, mat bhaša hôda baša
laugh hah- aš- haš- aš-
life ziu (soul), ziwon/zibon zibon, zindegi jibôn zibon
moon zün sand cãd, côndro sãn san san
mother ma, ai, maü ma, amma, mai, ai ma, amma ma
mouth mukh muk mukh mukh
name nam, naü nam nam nam
night rati rait rat, ratro rait rait
peace xanti šanti šanti šanti
place thai, zega, zaga zega, zaga, zomin jayga ṭai, zaega
queen rani rani rani rani rani
rest zironi, aram, zironi lo-, aram kôr- aram, aram xor- aram kôr-, bisram nê- dom
river noi, gaṅ, khal (canal) ɡaṅ, nodi nôdi hál
road bat, ali rasta, ail rasta, pôth, śôṛôk
salt nimokh, lün, nun nun, lobon, nimox lôbon, nun nun, lôbôn
sister bhoni, bhonti, baiti, baideu bóin, afa bon, didi boin
small xoru huru, suṭo, utut-guni choṭo gura
son put, pü fut, fua (boy) chele, putro fua fut
soul atma ruh, ruani ãtta, pran, ru(h) foran, ru
sun beli šuruz šurjo šuroz
ten dôh, dôs doš dôš doš
three tini tin tin tin
village gaü gau gram, gã gãu
water pani fani pani, jôl fani faní pani
when ketia kunbala, kunśomoe kôkhon hótte
wind botah bataš bataš, haoa ába, bataš
wolf kukurnesia bagh, xial (fox) hiyaal (fox) šhial (fox), šeal (fox), nekṛe neṛi kutta
woman maiki manuh, tiri, tirüta aurot, beṭi mohila, nari, me manuš mai fua
year bosor bosor, sal bôchor, šal bôsôr
yes hoy, o, ü̃ oe, i hễ ô, ôy
no nohoy, nai, ühü, na na na nô, nôy
yesterday kali, züa-kali xail, goto xail kal(-ke), gôto kal(-ke) gôtô hail, gôtô halia
English Assamese Sylheti Bengali Chakma Chittagonian Kamata Rohingya Hajong

Verbs[edit]

English Assamese Sylheti Bengali Chakma Chittagonian Kamata Rohingya Hajong
ask xudh-, püs- zika- Jiggaśa kor-, puch- pũs ɡor-
bite kamur- xamṛa- kamoṛ- hõr-
blow phu de- fu de- phu de-
breathe uxah lo- dom lo- šãš ne-, dom ne-
bring an- an- an-, en- an-
can par- far- par-, per-
catch dhor- dor- dhor-
come ah- ah- aś-, eś- a- a- ah-
count gon-, hisap kor- gon-, hiśab xor- gon-, hišab kor-
cry kand- xand- kãd- hãd-
cut kat- xaṭ- kaṭ-, keṭ-
do kor- xor- kor- gor- ɡor-
die mor- mor- mor- mor-
dig khand- xor-, xus- khõṛ-, khõc-
drink kha-, pi- xa- kha-, pan kor-
eat kha- xa- kha-, khe- há-
fall por- foṛ- poṛ-
fear bhoy kha-, dora- ḍora- bhoy pa-, ḍora-
fight zũz-, maramari kor- mara-mari xor-, zogra xor- maramari kor-
float üpoṅ- bo- bhaša-
flow bo- bo- bo-
fly ur- uṛ- uṛ- ur- ur-
give de-, di- de-, di- de-, di-
go za-, ɡo- za-, ɡo-, ɡe- ja-, ɡi- za-, zo- za-, zo-
happen ho- o- ho- o-
hear xun- hun- śun- un-
hit mar-, pit- mar-, kila- mar-
kill mar-, mari pela- mar-, mari fala- mar-, mer-
know zan- zan- jan-
laugh hah- aś- haś-, heś- aś-
learn xik- hik- śekh-, śikh- hik-
lie (in bed) baɡor-
live thak-, zi(ai) thak-, tik- tax-, zinda roh- thak-, jibito thak- thah-
look sa- sa- dekh- sa-
open khul- kul- khol- uid-, khúl-
play khel- xel- khel-
pull tan- ṭan- ṭan-, ṭen-
push thel- ṭel- ṭhel-
read poh-, porh- foṛ- poṛ- foṛ-
run dour- douṛ- douṛ- dũr-
say ko-, mat-, bul- xo-, mat- bol-, ko- ho- ho-
scratch ãsür- xawza- ãcoṛ de-
see dekh- dex- dekh- sa-
sew xi-, sila-, bo- (weave) śila- śela-
sing ɡa- gan ɡa- ɡa-, ɡe-
sit boh- bo- boś- bo-
sleep xu-, ɡhuma- hut-, ɡuma- ɡhuma-, śu- ɡhum za-
smell xuṅ- huṅ(ɡ)- śũkh- ũ-
spit thu pela- tu fala- thu phel-
split bhoɡa- bang- bhag kor-
squeeze sep-, hẽs- cap, piṛon
stand thio ho- uba- dãṛa- thio-
stab khũs-
suck suh-, sup-, xüh-
swell
swim xatũr- śatar kor-
think bhab- bab- bhab-
throw dolia- ita mar-
tie bandh- band- bãdh-, bẽdh-
vomit bomi kor- bomi xor-
walk khüz karh- aṭ- hãṭ-, hẽṭ- ãd-
want bisar- laɡ-, sa- ca- sa-
wash dhu- do- dho- dú-
wipe mos- fus-, mus-
English Assamese Sylheti Bengali Chakma Chittagonian Kamata Rohingya Hajong

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Gauda–Kamrupa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ "Bengali". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Assamese". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Rangpuri". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Chittagonian". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Sylheti". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Rohingya". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Chakma". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Bishnupuriya". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Hajong". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Tangchangya". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 March 2018.