Bengali–Assamese languages

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Bengali–Assamese
Gauda–Kamarupa
Banga-Kamarupa
Geographic
distribution
Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal
Linguistic classification Indo-European
Glottolog gaud1237[1]

The Bengali–Assamese languages (or Assamese-Bengali languages) belong to the Eastern zone of Indo-Aryan languages. They are the following:

Language Native name Number of speakers (in millions) Native region
Bengali বাংলা
Bangla
0220000220[2]  Bangladesh (national and official)
 India (West Bengal) (Jharkhand) (Tripura) (Assam) (Andaman and Nicobar islands)
Assamese অসমীয়া
Oxomiya
24  India (Assam)
 Bangladesh (Mymensingh Division)
Rangpuri রংপুরী
রাজবংশী
কোচ ৰাজবংশী
Rongpuri
Rajbongši
Kʊch rajbongsi
15  Bangladesh (Rangpur Division)
 India (West Bengal and Assam)
   Nepal (Province No. 1)
Chittagonian চাঁটগাঁইয়া
Čąŧgąiya
13  Bangladesh (Chittagong Division)
 Myanmar (Rakhine State)
Sylheti ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ
সিলেটী
ছিলটি
Siloŧi
11  Bangladesh (Sylhet Division)
 India (Assam)
Rohingya رُاَࣺينڠَ
Ruáingga
1.8  Myanmar (Rakhine State)
 Bangladesh (Chittagong Division)
Chakma 𑄌𑄧𑄁𑄟𑄧
চাকমা
Sangma
0.33  Bangladesh (Chittagong Division)
 India (Mizoram and Tripura)
 Myanmar (Rakhine State)
Bishnupriya Manipuri বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী
Bișnupriya Monipuri
0.12  India (Assam, Manipur and Tripura)
 Bangladesh (Sylhet Division)
Hajong হাজং
Hazong
0.06  India (Assam and Meghalaya)
 Bangladesh (Mymensingh Division)
Tanchangya তঞ্চঙ্গ্যা
Tonsongya
0.05  Bangladesh (Chittagong Hill Tracts)

Language comparison chart[edit]

English Assamese Sylheti Bengali Khulnaiya Chakma Chittagonian
beautiful dhunia, xundor shundor shundor shundor dol shundor
blood tez roxto rokto rokto lo lou
bread pauruti, ruti ruŧi (pau-)ruŧi ruŧi fóruti
bring an- an- ano- an- an-
brother bhai (-ti, -ek), dada bai bhai, dada bhaiđi, bhađi bai
cat mekuri mekur, bilai biŗal bilei bilai
come ah- a- asho- ash- a-
cry kand- xand- kad, kando- kand- hãd-
dark andhar andair ondhokar, ãdhar andhar, ãdhar ãdar
daughter zi (-ek, -ori), súali zi, furi mey, beŧi maiye zi (-r, -or) fua
day din, bela din din, dibosh, bæla din, bæla din
do kor- xor- kora- kor- gor-
door duar, dorza dorza, doroza dorja, duar dorza duar
die mor-, mori za-/go- mor-, mori za-/ge- mor-, more ja- mor- mor-
earth prithiwi, prithibi dunia duniya, prithibi dunia, pithibi d̪unia
egg koni đim, enđa, boida đim đim, anđa, boyza boda boza, dim
elephant hati atti hati hati a't̪i
eye soku souk chokh, sokh sóg
father deuta, bap (-ek) abba, baf baba, abbu bap, abbu, baba baf, ba
fear bhoy đor bhoy bhôe, đôr dor
finger aŋuli aŋguil angul angul oul
fire zui aguin agun agun ain
fish mas mas mach mas mas
food ahar, khana, khúa bostu, khaiddo xani, xawa zinis khabar khaoar hana
go za-, go- za-, ge- ja- za- za-, zo-
god bhogowan, issor rob, xuda khoda, ishshor, bhogoban khoda, ishshor khúda
good bhal bala bhalo bhalo bala
grass ghah, kher (dry rice plant) gah, gash ghash ghash kher
hand hat at hat hat aṯ
head mur, matha mata matha matha maṯa
heart hia, ontor, hridoy dil, ontor ridoy, pran, ôntôr piran, ôntor dil
horse ghúra guRa ghora ghora gúra
house ghor, ghor-bari gor, bari ghor ghor gor
hunger bhuk bux khudha khide bukh
language bhaxa basha, zoban, mat bhasha bhasha basha
laugh hah- ash- hasha- hash- ash-
life ziwon, zibon zibon, zindegi jibon zibon zibon
moon zun sand chad chad sãn
mother ma ma, amma ma ma ma
mouth mukh muk mukh muk mukh
name nam nam nam nam nam
night rati rait rat rat rait
open khul- kul- khula- khul- uid-, khúl-
peace xanti shanti shanti shanti shanṯi
place thai, zega, zaga zega, zaga, zomin jayega zayega zaega
queen rani rani rani rani rani
read porh- foR- pora- poR-
rest aram, aram kor- aram, aram xor- aram aram, aram kor- dom
salt nimokh, lobon, nun nimox, lobon lôbon, nun lôbon nun
say ko- xo- bola- bol, ko- ho-
sister bhoni (-ek), bhon (-ti) boin bon, didi bunđi boin
small xoru huru, suto chhoto sođo gura
son put (-ek), lóra fut, fua chhele, putro sele, suwal fua
soul atma ruh atta, ruhu atta, rohu foran
sun beli, xurzo xurzo shurjo shurzo
ten doh, dos dosh dosh dôsh dosh
three tini tin tin tin tin
village gaú gau gram giram geram
want lag-, log- lag- chaoa- caoa- sa-
water pani, zol fani pani, jôl pani, zôl fani
when ketia kumbala kôkhôn kôkhon ho'tte
wind botah batash batash, hawa batash, hawa a'ba, batash
wolf xial hial nekre nekre neŕi kutta
woman mohila, maiki manuh aurot, mohila, beTi mohila mo(h)ila, biŧi manush mai fua
year bosor bosor, sal bochor, shal bosor, shal bosor
yes hoy, o oe, ii hæ̃ oe
no nohoy na na na na, noe
yesterday kali, zúa kali xail, goto xail gotokal gotokal goṯo hail, goṯo halia
English Assamese Sylheti Bengali Khulnaiya Chakma Chittagonian

References[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Gauda–Kamrupa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ http://www.omniglot.com/writing/bengali.htm