Bengali Wikipedia

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বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়ার প্রধান পাতা.png
The homepage of the Bengali Wikipedia.
Type of site
Internet encyclopedia project
Available inBengali
HeadquartersDhaka & Kolkata
OwnerWikimedia Foundation
Launched27 January 2004; 15 years ago (2004-01-27)
Current statusonline

The Bengali Wikipedia or Bangla Wikipedia (Bengali: বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়া) is the Bengali language edition of Wikipedia, the free online encyclopedia. Launched in January 27, 2004, it surpassed 10,000 articles in October 2006, becoming the second South-Asian language to do so.[1] In 18 September 2019, total article crossed 73,766 articles with 1,475 active editors per month.[2][3] In 2018, Bengali Wikipedia was viewed about 190 million times from all over the world.[4][5] On an average, the site was viewed over 500 thousand times a day.[5]

As of January 2019, Bengali Wikipedia is the only online free encyclopedia written in Bengali language. It is also one of the largest Bengali content related sites on the internet. The mobile version of Bengali Wikipedia was launched in 2010.[6]

It also has a phonetic Latin alphabet to Bengali script tool so Latin alphabet keyboards can be used to type Bengali without downloading any software. Community-produced news publications include WikiBarta.

Early history[edit]

In February 2002, the developers started creating language-code based sub-domains for different language Wikipedias. Along with other Wikipedia sub-domains, Bengali language sub-domain was created at that time.[7] A placeholder page was created automatically in that sub-domain on June 1, 2002.[8] On December 9, 2003, A Bangladeshi Ph.D. student of Canada's McGill University named Shah Asaduzzaman emailed Wikipedia Founder Jimmy Wales with a request to create Bengali Wikipedia.[9][10] As a result, the developers created a test page on the Wikipedia named "Home Page" on December 26 of the same year.[10]

The Main Page of Bengali Wikipedia was created on January 27, 2004 from an IP address which marks the official beginning of Bengali Wikipedia. 'বাংলা ভাষা' ("Bānglā Bhāshā"; Bengali Language in English) is the first article of Bengali Wikipedia which was created on May 24, 2004.


Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales with Bengali Wikipedians during Bengali Wikipedia's 10th anniversary celebration in Dhaka (2015).

Bengali Wikipedia started its journey in January 27, 2004.[11][12] Back then, the people of Bangladesh had a little interest in Wikipedia. A few students and scholars used the English Wikipedia, but it was not accountable. Besides that, there were various difficulties contributing in Bengali. The whole scenario has been changed in 2006.[13] During that time, the Bengali blogging world was growing slowly, and many people became accustomed to Bengali computing where a free and open-source Bengali typing tool, Avro Keyboard played a key role. On March 25, 2006, a Wiki team was created by the ‘Bangladesh Open Source Network’ (BdOSN) to popularize Wikipedia throughout the country.[13] The aim was to represent the country to the world through Wikipedia and build a complete encyclopedia in Bengali.

At that time, Bengali Wikipedia had only 500 articles. ‘BdOSN wiki team’ managed to spread the word through some newspapers and start a Bengali Wiki mailing list. Soon, many Bengali-speaking people from Bangladesh and abroad joined them in this dynamic project. As a result, by the end of the October, Bengali Wikipedia got to 10,000 articles.[13] Among the South Asian language Wikipedias, Bengali Wikipedia reached that milestone first, and many of these articles were illustrated with photos from the demonstrator of Bengali Language Movement Dr. Rafiqul Islam, who donated all his historical photographs taken during the language movement to Wikimedia Commons.[13]

Number of Wikipedia articles[14]

One of the pioneer of the Bengali Wikipedia, Dr. Ragib Hasan said that

“The biggest challenge was writing something on internet in Bengali. The Bengali Unicode was not supported on most operating systems, only few websites on the internet supported Bengali Unicode, and users had difficulties configuring it. Moreover, the idea of writing something with Bengali Unicode was new. … in the beginning, the idea of a Wikipedia in Bengali was not actually workable.”[13]

Between 2009 and 2010, Bengali speakers from West Bengal, India also started to contribute to Bengali Wikipedia.[13] In the meantime, the Wikimedia Foundation started their operations and in October 3, 2011 a local chapter named Wikimedia Bangladesh was approved in Bangladesh[11] by the Foundation to promote educational content in Bengali. On February 26, 2015, Jimmy Wales, the co-founder of Wikipedia—visited Bangladesh for a celebration program that was organized by Wikimedia Bangladesh[15][16][17] to mark the tenth year of Bengali Wikipedia.[16][17][18][19][20][21] In his keynote, Jimmy said that according to the article depth, Bengali Wikipedia is rated quite well.[16][22]

Bengali Wikipedia now has 73,766 articles on various topics with 1,475 active editors per month. As of January 2019, Bengali Wikipedia is the only online free encyclopedia written in Bengali language.[4][23] It is also one of the largest Bengali content related sites on the internet.[24]

Users and editors[edit]

Bengali Wikipedia statistics
Number of user accounts Number of articles Number of files Number of administrators
246307 73766 6514 12


Over the years, there have been confusion in Bangladeshi media regarding some information of Bengali Wikipedia. In April 2018, Bangladeshi print and electronic media reported that Wikipedia named Runa Laila, a renowned singer from Bangladesh, among its Top 30 Bengali people of all time.[25][26][27][28] This confusion arises due to the use of a collage image in the Bengalis article's infobox at Bengali and English version of Wikipedia.[29] In August of the same year, an unregistered user added fake date of death in Muhammed Zafar Iqbal's article, which also attracted media attention.[30][31][32][33]


Bengali Wikipedia's 14th Anniversary group photo, Dhaka (2018)
Bengali Wikipedia's 13th Anniversary group photo, Dhaka (2017)
Bengali Wikipedia's 10th Anniversary group photo, Kolkata (2015)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Noronha, Frederick (September 30, 2006). "Bengali Wikipedia crosses 10,000 articles". Indo-Asian News Service. Monsters and Critics. Archived from the original on 26 December 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
  2. ^ This prediction is based on {{NUMBEROF|ARTICLES|bn|N}} Wikipedia template that automatically updates article numbers. So this is not a permanent or fixed count. The number of articles shown here, change in real-time as soon as a new article is created or removed. Therefore, this is not a reliable source and the numbers shown here are subject to change without prior notice.
  3. ^ "A decade of Bangla Wikipedia An open call". The Daily Star (Bangladesh). March 17, 2014. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  4. ^ a b "বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়ার ১৫ বছর". Jugantor. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b ১৯ কোটিবার দেখা হয়েছে বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়া. Tech Shohor (in Bengali). Retrieved 26 January 2019. Invalid |script-title=: missing prefix (help)
  6. ^ "এবার মোবাইল ফোনে বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়া". Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Wikipedia: HomePage". 2002-02-22. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  8. ^ "Wikipedia: HomePage". 2002-07-23. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  9. ^ "Mailing List Archive: [ About starting a new wikipedia in language : Bengali]". Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  10. ^ a b "বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়ায় প্রথম". Kalerkantho (in Bengali). Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  11. ^ a b Kantho, Kaler. "একনজরে বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়া – কালের কণ্ঠ".
  12. ^ Kantho, Kaler. "১৪ বছরে বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়া – কালের কণ্ঠ".
  13. ^ a b c d e f Kantho, Kaler. "যুগ পেরিয়ে বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়া – কালের কণ্ঠ".
  14. ^ "Wikipedia Statistics (Bengali)".
  15. ^ "Wikipedia co-founder arrive Dhaka". Prothom Alo. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  16. ^ a b c "যে বার্তা দিয়ে গেলেন জিমি ওয়েলস".
  17. ^ a b "ঢাকায় উইকিপিডিয়ার সহ-প্রতিষ্ঠাতা জিমি ওয়েলস".
  18. ^ Times, The Dhaka. "গভীরতার বিচারে বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়ায় তৃতীয় ভাষা – The Dhaka Times".
  19. ^ "উইকিপিডিয়ায় তৃতীয় ভাষা বাংলা". NTV Online. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  20. ^ "বাংলাদেশে আসছেন জিমি ওয়েলস". প্রথম আলো (in Bengali). Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  21. ^ "GP subscribers get free Wikipedia access". NTV Online. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  22. ^ "যে বার্তা দিয়ে গেলেন জিমি ওয়েলস". প্রথম আলো (in Bengali). Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  23. ^ "জেনে রাখুন | কালের কণ্ঠ". Kalerkantho (in Bengali). Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  24. ^ "কালের কণ্ঠ". Kalerkantho (in Bengali). Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  25. ^ "উইকিপিডিয়ায় শীর্ষ ত্রিশ বাঙালিতে রুনা লায়লা | আনন্দ বিনোদন". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  26. ^ "উইকিপিডিয়ায় শীর্ষ ত্রিশ বাঙালির তালিকায় রুনা লায়লা". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  27. ^ "উইকিপিডিয়ার শীর্ষ ত্রিশ বাঙালির তালিকায় রুনা লায়লা". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  28. ^ "শীর্ষ ৩০ বাঙালির মধ্যে রুনা লায়লা". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  29. ^ "রুনা লায়লাকে নিয়ে গণমাধ্যমে বিভ্রান্তি". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  30. ^ "ড. জাফর ইকবালকে মৃত দেখাচ্ছে বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়া". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  31. ^ "জাফর ইকবালকে মৃত দেখাচ্ছে বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়া". Jamuna Television. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  32. ^ "জাফর ইকবালের মৃত্যুর খবর সংশোধন করলো বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়া". Retrieved 17 March 2019.[permanent dead link]
  33. ^ Television, Jamuna. "জাফর ইকবালের মৃত্যুর খবর সংশোধন করলো বাংলা উইকিপিডিয়া". Jamuna Television. Retrieved 2019-08-24.

External links[edit]