Kempegowda International Airport
|Kempegowda International Airport
ಕೆಂಪೇಗೌಡ ಅಂತರರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ವಿಮಾನ ನಿಲ್ದಾಣ
|IATA: BLR – ICAO: VOBL|
|Owner/Operator||Bangalore International Airport Limited
|Location||Devanahalli, Karnataka, India|
|Opened||24 May 2008|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||915 m / 3,002 ft|
Kempegowda International Airport (IATA: BLR, ICAO: VOBL) is an international airport serving the Indian city of Bangalore. It is located at Devanahalli about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the Bangalore City Railway Station and covers 4,700 acres (1,900 ha). In 2008, it replaced the old HAL airport as the main commercial airport serving Bangalore. The airport earlier known as Bangalore International Airport was renamed after Kempe Gowda I, the founder of Bangalore in 2013. For the Fiscal year 2014-15, it is the third busiest airport in the country in overall passenger traffic after Delhi and Mumbai. In 2014-15, the airport registered a 19.3 percent growth in passenger traffic and 15.9 percent growth in cargo compared to last fiscal.
In 2014-15, the airport handled about 15.24 million passengers and 400 air traffic movements (ATM) per day. The airport is expected to handle 20 million passengers in 2020 and about 55 million passengers annually by 2029-30. About 10 domestic airlines and 23 international airlines connect to the airport. The airport serves as the main hub for AirAsia India, Air Pegasus and as a secondary hub for Jet Airways. It also serves as focus city for Air India, IndiGo and SpiceJet. It was also the primary hub for the now defunct Air Deccan and Kingfisher Airlines.
- 1 Construction
- 2 Ownership
- 3 Passenger terminal
- 4 Runway
- 5 Other services
- 6 Airlines and destinations
- 7 Connectivity
- 8 Awards and honours
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The airport project started as a public-private joint venture between Germany's Siemens Project Ventures GmbH, Government of Karnataka and Airports Authority of India (AAI). Construction began in July 2005, after a decade long postponement. The new airport was originally planned to accommodate 6.5 million passengers a year, but this was later redesigned to handle 12 million passengers per year. The redesign resulted in an increase in the size of the terminal, number of aircraft stands, new taxiway layouts and supporting infrastructure. The airport was to be inaugurated on 30 March 2008, but due to delays in air traffic control (ATC) services, it was finally inaugurated on 24 May 2008. A Jet Airways flight from Mumbai marked the start of commercial operations. Later, an Air India flight to Singapore became the first commercial flight to take-off from the airport. The erstwhile HAL airport located in downtown Bangalore was closed to commercial aviation.
The airport was later expanded and inaugurated in December 2014 to provide for handling more passengers and aircraft. Facilities such as a new VIP terminal and new architectural elements were also added to improve the aesthetic look of the terminal. On 22 August 2014, the airport received environmental clearance to begin work on stage II expansion. This will include the construction of a new terminal along with a second runway, taxiways, aprons, aircraft parking and other aviation facilities and structures.
On 27 February 2009, the Government of Karnataka forwarded the proposal to the central government to rename the airport after the city's founder, Kempe Gowda I. In 2011, the state government sent another proposal to the central government to name the airport after Kempegowda. In 2012, the central government accepted the state government's proposal to name the airport after Kempegowda. On 18 July 2013, the Union Cabinet formally approved the name change. Finally, the airport was officially renamed on 14 December 2013. Along with the renaming, new terminal 1A was inaugurated on the same occasion.
Bangalore International Airport Limited (BIAL) is a Public limited company under the Companies Act formed to build, own and operate the airport. BIAL has been given rights by the Government of India to develop, design, finance, operate and manage the airport for 30 years from the date of commencement of commercial flight operations. It has an option to extend the same for an additional 30 years. Private promoters GVK (43%), Siemens Project Ventures GmbH (26%) and Unique Zurich (5%) hold 74% stake in BIAL while government entities Karnataka State Industrial Investment and Development Corporation (13%) and Airport Authority of India (13%) hold the remaining 26% stake in the airport. Further, a 26% of GVK-KIA's equity is owned by AAI and KSIIDC and 74% by private promoters of which GVK acquired 43% in January 2012.
The passenger terminal is a single, fully air conditioned, four-level building accommodating international and domestic operations. The basement houses storage area and rest areas. The check-in counters and baggage reclaim belts are located on level 1. The arrival and departure areas are separated vertically with a simple straight-ahead flow system. The domestic and international departure lounges and retail outlets are on level 2.
The total floor area is approximately 170,000 m2 (1,800,000 sq ft); the terminal building is designed to accommodate 5,400 passengers at peak hour. The airport has been constructed to the standards set by the Airports Authority of India (AAI), the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The airport can handle 20 million people per annum with 35 aircraft movements per hour and has an estimated 576 movements per day. There are 90 Common-Use-Terminal-Equipment (CUTE) enabled check-in counters and 25 self check-in counters. The airport has 38 gates, 20 aero-bridges including three double-armed ones, 45 aircraft parking bays with fueling pits and 18 remote bus bays. The car park can handle 2,000 vehicles.
|Terminal 1 expansion video|
On 19 January 2010, an expansion plan was proposed for the airport. The first phase of construction of the new terminal is expected to cater to passenger traffic of about 15 million per year with plans to expand the new terminal to cater to 36 million passengers per year and the existing terminal would be expanded to cater to 17 million passengers per year. The expansion within the existing airport site area will cater to both aeronautical and non-aeronautical infrastructure facilities and will include the construction of a new terminal along with the second runway, taxiways, aprons, aircraft parking and all aviation facilities including the capability of handling larger A380 aircraft. To reduce flight delays due to bad weather, the runway will be upgraded to Category III B standard when the second runway is constructed. The second stage expansion approval was granted by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India in September 2014.
The airport has an exclusive terminal for Hajj pilgrims operating during the Hajj pilgrimage season. This terminal can handle up to 600 passengers at a time and has specially designated prayer rooms and hot water facilities for Wadu.
Retail services and lounges
Kempegowda International Airport has one runway, 09/27, 4,000 m × 60 m (13,120 ft × 200 ft), that can accommodate all types of aircraft. The construction of second runway is work in progress and expected to be operational by 2020 along with new terminal building.
- Repair work
In January 2012, BIAL announced that the airport will remain closed to all flight operations from 11 March 2012 to 3 April 2012 between 1030 and 1730 hours IST (0500 to 1200 hours UTC) during which the top layer of its only runway will be completely replaced. Following this initial phase, the runway was partly closed during phases 2 and 3 until 1 May.
Aviation fuel services
The airport has a fuel farm and hydrant system: a 36 kilometres (22 mi) fuel pipeline was commissioned in October 2009 by Indian Oil from Devanagonthi to the airport to reduce the need to transport jet fuel to the airport.
The cargo village was inaugurated on 9 December 2009. It houses 120 freight forwarders and 80 custom house agents and can accommodate parking of nearly 80 trucks. There are two cargo terminals in the village. One is operated by Menzies Aviation Bobba Pvt Ltd. This terminal has an initial capacity to handle 150,000 metric tons (170,000 short tons) of cargo. The other terminal is operated by Air India SATS Joint Venture consortium. This terminal has a two-floor warehouse with a capacity of 200,000 metric tons (220,000 short tons).
Airlines and destinations
The airport is served by metered taxis and car rental services. Auto rickshaws are not allowed beyond the trumpet interchange leading to the airport, but passengers can get dropped off at the trumpet interchange and then use an airport shuttle bus from the interchange.
Bus services provided by the Bengaluru Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) connect the airport to major parts of the city. These services known as Vayu Vajra are operated using a fleet of Volvo B7RLE buses. The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) runs a non stop service from the airport to Mysore named FlyBus.
As the airport is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the city railway station, a new high-speed rail link has been proposed to connect it to the city. The high-speed rail link would be integrated with the Bengaluru Metro and would cover a distance of 33 kilometres (21 mi) from Cubbon Road to the airport with intermediate stations at Hebbal and Yelahanka. The project is expected to cost ₹69 billion (US$1.1 billion) of which the State Government would contribute ₹5.32 billion (US$83 million) and the Central Government would contribute the remaining ₹10.4 billion (US$160 million).
Awards and honours
- Even though there was an economic slowdown, BIA managed to keep its traffic base and route network stable. It was hence awarded "The Routes Asia Airport Marketing Award" chosen among five others in the Indian subcontinent.
- At the Emerging Markets Airports Awards 2010, held in Dubai, BIA was awarded "The Best Emerging Airport in Indian sub-continent."
- It received a platinum certification from IATA in January 2010 for becoming "The first airport in India to be 100% Bar Coded Boarding Passes (BCBP) compliant."
- At the CNBC AWAAZ Travel Awards 2010 held at Delhi, BIA was awarded "The Best Managed Airport in India."
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- "Aircraft Movements-2015" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "Cargo Statistics-2015" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "Aerodrome Geographical and Administrative Data" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Master Plan and Projects". bengaluruairport.com.
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- "Kempegowda International Airport Terminal 1-A Expansion, India". airport-technology.com. Kable Intelligence Limited. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- Agarwal, Devesh (8 September 2014). "BIAL to build second terminal and runway at KIA after it gets EC approval". Bangalore Aviation. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
- "Centre accepts proposal to name Kempegowda International Airport after Kempegowda". Bangalore: The Economic Times. 6 April 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- IANS (17 July 2013). "Bangalore airport named after city founder Kempe Gowda". business-standard.com.
- "Kempegowda International Airport to be renamed Kempegowda International Airport on Dec 14 – The Times of India". Times of India. 24 November 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "Share holders of BIAL". centerforaviation.com. 31 August 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2011.
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- "BIAL to fast track new terminal building". Business Standard. 20 January 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
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- "BIAL to receive Environmental Clearance for second stage of expansion". Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Airport Partners". bengaluruairport.com.
- "Lounges". bengaluruairport.com. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- +Devesh Agarwal. "Opinion: Bangalore airport should disclose full details of premature runway surface failure". Bangalore Aviation.
- "No flights at BIA for 7 hrs from today". Bangalore: The Times of India. 11 March 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Kuwait Airways Resumes Istanbul; Adds Bangalore Service in S15". Airline Route. UBM Live. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Thai AirAsia Adds Bangalore Service from Sep 2015". Airline Route. UBM Live. 8 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- "Our Intercontinental Network: Global View". Deutsche Post. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- QR Cargo to BLR
- "Car Rentals". bengaluruairport.com. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Vayu Vajra". bengaluruairport.com. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "BMTC bus services for Kempegowda International Airport". BMTCinfo.com.
- "KSRTC planning Flybus service to other cities". The Hindu (Bangalore). 15 August 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "High-speed rail to BIA gets Govt nod". Times of India. 22 June 2009.
- "Trains". bengaluruairport.com.
- "High speed rail-link for BIA". The Hindu. 27 April 2010. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- "Kempegowda International Airport bags Asian award". Kuwait Samachar. 1 April 2009.
- "Inaugural Emerging Markets Airports Award". Zawya.com. 28 April 2010.
- "BIA Wins Best Emerging Airport Award". The Hindu. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- "BIA bags "The Best Managed Airport Award". mybangalore.com. 13 September 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
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