Bengeo

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Bengeo
St Leonards Bengeo 1.jpg
St Leonard's parish church
Bengeo is located in Hertfordshire
Bengeo
Bengeo
 Bengeo shown within Hertfordshire
OS grid reference TL3213
District East Hertfordshire
Shire county Hertfordshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Hertford
Postcode district SG14
Dialling code 01992
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Hertford and Stortford
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire

Coordinates: 51°48′14″N 0°04′44″W / 51.804°N 0.079°W / 51.804; -0.079

Bengeo /ˈbɛn./ is a suburb and former village on the northwest edge of the county town of Hertford in Hertfordshire, England.[1][2] It is an electoral ward of Hertford.[3]

Toponym[edit]

River Beane towards Molewood
Taken from Beane Road

Bengeo is on a rise between the River Beane and River Rib overlooking Hartham Common. Its toponym is derived from an Old English name meaning spur or ridge over the River Beane.[4] The Domesday Book of 1086 records it as Belingehou.[5] It evolved through forms including Beneggho and Beningho in the 13th century, Bengeho in the 15th century and Benjow in the 16th century before reaching its current form.[2]

Geography and amenities[edit]

The Avenue


Other than the south east corner which adjoins Hertford, Bengeo is mostly surrounded by countryside. Informally (the terms having no official status) Bengeo consists of Upper and Lower Bengeo; Upper Bengeo is the area at the top of Port Hill leading out of Hertford town centre, while Lower Bengeo is the area on the side of the hill and centred on Byde Street. On an approximate north-south trajectory Bengeo is bisected by the B158, known as Port Hill as it leaves Hertford and climbs the hill to Upper Bengeo and then as Bengeo Street as it continues through, and then out of, Bengeo to the north. Leaving Port Hill to the east runs The Warren, an ancient footpath along the edge of the River Beane and Hartham Common leading to the ancient church of St Leonard.[6]

Bengeo has various of its own amenities[7] including a Post Office, local shops, several public houses, two veterinary practices, a number of sports teams, two churches (see below) and a Plymouth Brethren Meeting Room. There are two State primary schools, Mill Mead Primary School in Port Vale in Lower Bengeo close to Hertford and, at the opposite end of Bengeo on the north end of The Avenue, Bengeo Primary School; on the east side is Duncombe School, an independent preparatory school.[8]

Notable buildings[edit]

Holy Trinity parish church, New Road
Bengeo Watertower

The Church of England parish church of St Leonard, Bengeo, is a 12th-century Norman building and the oldest building in Hertford.[2] It was the parish church of Bengeo until 1855, when it was succeeded by the new Holy Trinity parish church designed by Benjamin Ferrey.[9] St. Leonard's is still used for regular Sunday services in summer months, as well as hosting exhibitions and concerts.[10]

Close to St Leonard's Church along St Leonard's Road are three of Hertford's oldest houses, Revels Hall, built in the mid sixteenth century,[11] Bengeo Old House, formerly the vicarage, built in the late sixteenth century[12] and Bengeo Hall, built in the late seventeenth century[13] and home to landscape painter Joshua Gosselin.[14] All are Grade II* listed buildings.

On the west side of Bengeo are two further Grade II listed buildings, The Old Pest House and Little Molewood. The former, on the corner of Byde Street and Fanshawe Street, was built in 1763 as a smallpox isolation hospital;[15] the latter, situated on The Avenue, is an arts and crafts style house, built in 1904 for the Graveson family of Hertford by the architects Barry Parker and Raymond Unwin, who were the architects and planners of Letchworth Garden City.[16]

The prominent concrete water tower on The Drive was built in 1929 and opened in 1930 to boost the water supply to new housing which could no longer be adequately accommodated by the then (but no longer) existing pumping station and water tower on Tower Street. The Drive was developed after the construction of the tower.[17] Today it has an array of aerials on the top, providing inter alia a local television relay from Crystal Palace transmitting station.

Notable people[edit]

Captain W. E. Johns, author of many books including the Biggles series of novels, was born in February 1893 in Molewood Road, Bengeo.[18]

Sir Thomas Dimsdale (1712 - 1800) pioneer of smallpox inoculation lived at Port Hill House[19] and established an inoculation house still known as "The Pest House" on the corner of Byde Street and Fanshawe Street.[20] He was also MP for Hertford from 1780-89.[21]

Thomas Charles Byde Rooke (1806 – 1858) was an English physician who married into the royal family of the Kingdom of Hawaii was born in Bengeo.[22] He built a mansion called the Rooke House in Honolulu that became popular with political and social leaders of the Kingdom.

Les Howe (1912 - 1999), professional footballer with 165 appearances for Tottenham Hotspur was born in Bengeo.[23]

Sir John Rennie (1794 - 1874) architect and civil engineer responsible for completing London Bridge and the Plymouth Breakwater died in Bengeo.[24]

Sir Roy Malcolm Anderson FRS (born 12 April 1947) is a leading British expert on epidemiology and was educated at Duncombe School in Bengeo. He has mathematically modelled the spread of diseases such as new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and AIDS.

Lieutenant-General Arthur Ernest Percival CB DSO* OBE MC OStJ DL (26 December 1887 – 31 January 1966) was a British Army officer and World War I veteran and attended school in Bengeo. He built a successful military career during the interwar period but is most noted for his involvement in World War II, when he commanded the forces of the British Commonwealth during the Battle of Malaya and the subsequent Battle of Singapore.[25]

John George Howard, (1803 – 1890) born John Corby in Bengeo,[26] and was an official surveyor and civil engineer for the City of Toronto, Canada. He was also the first professional architect in Toronto where he was responsible for the design of numerous public, commercial and residential buildings. He was the principal donor of High Park to the people of Toronto.[27]

Edmund Feilde (1620 – 1676) politician and barrister owned land in Bengeo.[28]

Walter Lee (c.1350 – 1395) politician and High Sheriff of Hertfordshire and Essex owned land in Bengeo.[29]

Noel Pemberton-Billing (1881 – 1948) aviator, inventor, publisher, extreme right-wing politician and MP for East Hertfordshire lived on Farquhar Street in 'Hertford House'[30] and built a number of bungalows in the grounds, which incorporated some of his inventions. The aviation company he founded went on to develop, amongst other aircraft, the Spitfire.

George Ezra (1993-present) singer and song-writer lived in Bengeo and attended Bengeo Primary School.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archbishops' Council. "Holy Trinity with Christ Church, Bengeo". A Church Near You. The Church of England. 
  2. ^ a b c Page, W.H., ed. (1912). A History of the County of Hertford, Volume 3. Victoria County History. pp. 423–427. 
  3. ^ "Hertford Bengeo Ward". East Herts Council. 
  4. ^ Williamson, Tom (2000). The origins of Hertfordshire. Origins of the Shire. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 65. ISBN 0 7190 4491 X. 
  5. ^ "Browse, Family History: Domesday Book". Documents Online. The National Archives. 
  6. ^ Discover Hertford, Accessed 3 November 2013
  7. ^ Reading, writing and playing in Bengeo - Hertfodshire Life, 29 December 2011, Accessed 3 November 2013
  8. ^ Duncombe School website, Accessed 3 November 2013
  9. ^ Greely, Cliff. "Our History: Holy Trinity". Our History. The Parish of Bengeo. 
  10. ^ "Introduction to St Leonard's". St Leonards. The Parish of Bengeo. 
  11. ^ "Revels Hall". British Listed Buildings Online. English Heritage. 
  12. ^ "Bengeo Old House". British Listed Buildings Online. English Heritage. 
  13. ^ "Bengeo Hall". British Listed Buildings Online. English Heritage. 
  14. ^ Gosselin, Joshua. "View from Bengeo Hall". Wikigallery. 
  15. ^ "The Old Pest House". British Listed Buildings Online. English Heritage. 
  16. ^ "Little Molewood". British Listed Buildings Online. English Heritage. 
  17. ^ Bengeo Water Tower By Marilyn Taylor, Our Hertford and Ware accessed 4 November 2013
  18. ^ Harris, Roger. "A Brief Biography of Captain W.E. Johns, Part One". William Earl Johns, Born Sunday 5th February 1893 - Died Friday 21st June 1968. Roger Harris. 
  19. ^ Turnor, Lewis. "History of the ancient town and borough of Hertford". Pages 166-169 contain details about Dimsdale. Steven Austin and Sons. 
  20. ^ English Heritage Listed Buildings The Old Pest House Hertford
  21. ^ Royal Bank of Scotland archive
  22. ^ The Kamehameha Dynasty Genealogy
  23. ^ Football Statisticians Obituaries
  24. ^ Sir John Rennie at www.stanford.edu
  25. ^ Biography
  26. ^ Biographical Index of Artists in Canada Page106
  27. ^ History of High Park
  28. ^ History of Parliament, Member biographies
  29. ^ History of Parliament, Member biographies
  30. ^ Oscar Wilde's Last Stand: Decadence, Conspiracy, and the Most Outrageous Trial of the Century, 1997, Philip Hoare, Arcade Publishing Ltd.

External links[edit]

Media related to Bengeo at Wikimedia Commons