Benha

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Coordinates: 30°28′N 31°11′E / 30.467°N 31.183°E / 30.467; 31.183

Benha

بنها
Traffic Square, Benha (1974-2015)
Traffic Square, Benha (1974-2015)
Benha is located in Egypt
Benha
Benha
Location within Egypt
Coordinates: 30°27′39″N 31°11′15″E / 30.46083°N 31.18750°E / 30.46083; 31.18750
Country Egypt
GovernorateQalyubia
Elevation
19 m (62 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • City165,906[1]
 • Metro
2,500,000
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
Area code(s)(+20) 13

Benha /'benhæ/ (Arabic: بنها‎  pronounced [ˈbænhæ] Coptic: ⲡⲁⲛⲁϩⲟ), also spelled Banha , is the capital of the Qalyubia Governorate in north-eastern Egypt. Located between the capital of Cairo and Alexandria, Benha is an important transport hub in the Nile Delta, as rail lines from Cairo to various cities in the Nile Delta pass through Benha.

Etymology[edit]

City's modern name comes from Egyptian Coptic ⲡⲁⲛⲁϩⲟ Banaho, which means "house of sycamore (Coptic: ⲛⲟⲩϩⲓ) – Egyptian: pr-nh.t ".[2]

Geography and economy[edit]

It is located 48 km (30 mins) north of Cairo. located on the east bank of the Damietta Branch of the Nile River in the rich farmland of the southern part of the river's delta. Well-irrigated by canals leading off the Delta Barrage, a dam 30 km (20 min) upstream, the surrounding farmland produces wheat and long-staple cotton. Since ancient times, Benha has been known for the production of attar of roses, an ingredient in perfume. Today it is the center of Egypt's electronics industry. Benha is a major junction in the rail network that radiates north from Cairo and it has the 6th biggest train station in Egypt.

The north of Benha is the site of one of several ancient cities called Athribis, the capital of the tenth nome (province) of Lower Egypt in about 1500 BC. The site has never been systematically investigated by archaeologists. Over the years, peasants digging in the area have uncovered a large hoard of silver.

Athribis was the center of worship of the black bull, and enjoyed the most popularity during the Roman period of rule in Egypt. Not much still stands of this ancient capital except some remains from the 18th to the 26th Dynasties. Though not a popular tourist destination, there are such sites here as a Greco-Roman cemetery and silver ingots discovered at the Athribis site currently on display at the Egyptian Museum.

About 20 km (12 mi) southwest of Benha is Tall al Yahudiya, the site of Leontopolis, famed for its glazed tiles in ancient times. Population is around 2,479,347. (2005) and Total Area is 16,105 km².

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh).

Climate data for Benha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
20.7
(69.3)
23.5
(74.3)
27.8
(82.0)
32
(90)
34.5
(94.1)
34.8
(94.6)
34.6
(94.3)
32.4
(90.3)
30.2
(86.4)
25.5
(77.9)
20.9
(69.6)
28.0
(82.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.7
(54.9)
13.7
(56.7)
16.2
(61.2)
19.7
(67.5)
23.7
(74.7)
26.5
(79.7)
27.6
(81.7)
27.4
(81.3)
25.3
(77.5)
23.1
(73.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.6
(58.3)
20.8
(69.5)
Average low °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
6.8
(44.2)
9
(48)
11.7
(53.1)
15.4
(59.7)
18.5
(65.3)
20.4
(68.7)
20.2
(68.4)
18.2
(64.8)
15
(59)
13.3
(55.9)
8.4
(47.1)
13.6
(56.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
4
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
6
(0.2)
25
(0.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org[3]

Education[edit]

Benha University[edit]

Benha University was established in November 1976 as a branch of Zagazig University in the governorate. It became an independent University in 2005 incorporating several facilities and departments with around 60,500 graduates per annum. The Faculty of Medicine is notable for research and management of 2 main hospitals in Benha. Benha University contains 15 faculties divided into 3 categories: Scientific Faculties, Humanities Faculties, and Medical Faculties. Scientific Faculties category contain 7 faculties "Faculty of Engineering, Benha Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Computer & information, Faculty of Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty of Applied Arts, and faculty of Commerce " Humanities Faculties category contains 5 faculties "Faculty of Education, Faculty of Specific Education, Faculty of Physical Education, Faculty of law, and the Faculty of Arts.

Medical Faculties which contain 3 faculties " Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary, and the Faculty of Nursing.
Nasser Mosque, Benha

Districts[edit]

Benha consists of several districts : Al-Vilal, Benha El-Gedida (New Benha), Attrib, El-Manshia, El-Shedia, Wast Al-Balad (Downtown Area), Al-Haras el-Watani, Manshit Al-Nur and Hayy El-Zehour(Flowers Suburb), Kafr El-Saraia, Ezbet El-Moraba'a,kafr El-gazzar,Batta, eazbih almanyawi.

Notable people[edit]

El-Shaheed Farid Nada Street, Benha

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer".
  2. ^ Czapkiewicz. Ancient Egyptian and Coptic elements in the toponomy of contemporary Egypt. p. 44.
  3. ^ "Climate: Benha - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 February 2017.

Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. "Geographical information on Benha, Egypt". Archived from the original on 29 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-13.

External links[edit]