The Soviet Union recognised the Republic of Dahomey as an independent and sovereign state on 18 August 1960, and diplomatic relations between the two states were established on 4 June 1962. From 24 July 1962, diplomatic relations between the two countries were conducted via the Soviet Embassy in Togo, until 1 February 1966, when the first Soviet Ambassador to Benin, Alexander Nikitich Abramov, was appointed.
Relations between the two countries were initially minimal, however, Soviet interactions with the country intensified after Mathieu Kérékou came to power in a coup in October 1972, and whom proclaimed in 1974 that Dahomey would follow a Marxist-Leninist course. This saw the Soviet Union becoming Kérékou's major political ally in the international stage.
Russian Federation relations
On 9 January 1992 Benin recognised the Russian Federation as the successor state to the Soviet Union, after the latter's dissolution. Russia has an embassy in Cotonou, and Benin has an embassy in Moscow.
- Ginsburgs, George; Slusser, Robert M. (1981). A calendar of Soviet treaties, 1958-1973. BRILL. p. 795. ISBN 90-286-0609-2. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
- Послы Союза Советских Социалистических Республик В Странах Африканского Региона (in Russian). Worldwide Historical Project. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
- Российско-бенинские отношения (in Russian). Embassy of Russia in Benin. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
- "Benin Hazardous Waste". American University. 1 December 2000. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
- Harkavy, Robert E. (1989). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, ed. Bases Abroad. Oxford University Press. pp. 53, 61. ISBN 0-19-829131-0. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
- Бенин (Страны мира 1987 год) (in Russian). Strani.ru. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
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