Beninese presidential election, 2001

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Presidential elections were held in Benin on 4 March 2001, with a second round run-off on 18 March. They controversially resulted in the re-election of Mathieu Kérékou for a second term. Kérékou's rival Nicéphore Soglo, who had been president from 1991 to 1996, failed in his bid to reclaim the presidency; although he qualified to participate in the second round of the election against Kérékou, he refused to do so, alleging electoral fraud. Adrien Houngbédji, the parliament speaker and third-placed candidate, also refused to participate in a second round. As a result, Kérékou faced fourth-place candidate Bruno Amoussou, who was planning minister and had already given his support to Kérékou, in the second round; Kérékou won an easy victory with 84% of the vote.[1][2]


Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Mathieu Kérékou Action Front for Renewal and Development 1,127,100 45.42 1,282,855 83.64
Nicéphore Soglo Benin Rebirth Party 672,927 27.12
Adrien Houngbédji Democratic Renewal Party 313,186 12.62
Bruno Amoussou Social Democratic Party 213,136 8.59 250,940 16.36
Sacca Lafia Union for Democracy and National Solidarity 29,656 1.20
François-Xavier Loko Independent 16,656 0.67
Soulé Dankoro Democratic Party 15,614 0.63
Adébayo Abimbola National Rally for Democracy 15,251 0.61
Wallis Zoumarou National Union for Solidarity and Progress 13,576 0.55
Rhétice Dagba Independent 12,697 0.51
Marie-Elise Gbèdo Independent 8,952 0.36
Léandre Djagoué Liberal Democrats' Rally for National Reconstruction – Vivoten 8,565 0.35
Lionel Agbo African Congress of Democrats 8,226 0.33
Gatien Houngbédji Democratic Union for Social and Economic Development 8,092 0.33
Olofindji Akandé Independent 6,258 0.25
Sadikou Alao National Alliance for a Democratic Alternative 6,223 0.25
François Kouyami Independent 5,414 0.22%
Invalid/blank votes 181,066 173,809
Total 2,662,595 100 1,707,604 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,034,471 87.7 3,152,365 54.2
Source: African Elections Database


  1. ^ "Benin 'day of mourning'" BBC News, 6 April 2001
  2. ^ Elections in Benin African Elections Database