Beningbrough Hall

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Beningbrough Hall
The front facade of Beningbrough Hall.jpg
Beningbrough Hall is located in North Yorkshire
Beningbrough Hall
Location within North Yorkshire
General information
TypeCountry house
Architectural styleGeorgian
LocationBeningbrough, North Yorkshire
Coordinates54°01′15″N 1°12′38″W / 54.02070°N 1.21060°W / 54.02070; -1.21060
ClientJohn Bourchier III
OwnerNational Trust
Design and construction
ArchitectWilliam Thornton
Listed Building – Grade I
Designated10 May 1984
Reference no.1001057

Beningbrough Hall is a large Georgian mansion near the village of Beningbrough, North Yorkshire, England, and overlooks the River Ouse.

It has baroque interiors, cantilevered stairs, wood carving and central corridors which run the length of the house. Externally the house is a red-brick Georgian mansion with a grand drive running to the main frontage and a walled garden, The house is home to more than 100 portraits on loan from the National Portrait Gallery. It has a restaurant, shop and garden shop, and was shortlisted in 2010 for the Guardian Family Friendly Museum Award.

The Hall is set in extensive grounds and is separated from them by an example of a ha-ha (a sunken wall)[1] to prevent sheep and cattle entering the Hall's gardens or the Hall itself.


Beningbrough Hall, situated 6.2 miles (10 km)[2] north west of York, was built in 1716 by a York landowner, John Bourchier III to replace his family's modest Elizabethan manor, which had been built in 1556 by Sir Ralph Bourchier on his inheritance to the estate.[3] Local builder William Thornton oversaw the construction, but Beningbrough's designer remains a mystery; possibly it was Thomas Archer. Bourchier was High Sheriff of Yorkshire for 1719–1721 and died in 1736 at the age of 52.

Beningbrough Hall by Alexander Francis Lydon (1880)

John Bourchier (1710–1759) followed his father as owner of Beningbrough Hall and was High Sheriff in 1749. It then passed to Dr. Ralph Bourchier, a 71-year-old physician and from him to his daughter, Margaret, who lived there for 70 years. Today a Bourchier knot is cut into a lawn adjoining the house.[4]

After over 100 years in the Bourchiers' possession, the estate passed in 1827 to the Rev. William Henry Dawnay, the future 6th Viscount Downe, a distant relative. He died in 1846 and left the house to his second son, Payan, who was High Sheriff for 1851. The house was neglected, prompting fears that it might have to be demolished. In 1916 however, a wealthy heiress, Enid Scudamore-Stanhope, Countess of Chesterfield, bought it and immediately set about its restoration, filling it with furnishings and paintings from her ancestral home, Holme Lacy in Herefordshire.

Rear facade of Beningbrough Hall

During the Second World War the hall was occupied by the Royal Air Force then latterly, the Royal Canadian Air Force, when under No. 6 Group of Bomber Command, they took over some of the bases in the region (such as the nearby RAF Linton-on-Ouse and RAF Leeming).[5]

Lady Chesterfield died in 1957, and in June 1958 the estate was acquired by the National Trust after it had been accepted by the government in lieu of death duties at a cost of £29,250.[6] In partnership with the National Portrait Gallery the hall exhibits more than a hundred 18th-century portraits[7] and has seven new interpretation galleries called 'Making Faces: 18th-century Style'. Outside the main building there is a Victorian laundry and a walled garden with vegetable planting, the produce from which is used by the walled garden restaurant.

Beningbrough Hall includes a wilderness play area, community orchard, an Italianate border and garden shop. It hosts events, activity days, family art workshops,[8] and an annual food and craft festival which in 2010 was a Big Green Festival.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Historic England. "Beningbrough Hall (1001057)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  2. ^ "105" (Map). York & Selby (C ed.). 1:50,000. Landranger. Ordnance Survey. 1998. ISBN 0-319-22407-4.
  3. ^ Hunt, Abby (2006). "Beningbrough Hall, North Yorkshire; an archaeological survey and investigation of the Post-Medieval park and gardens". English Heritage Research Department Report Series. English Heritage (079): 3. ISSN 1749-8775.
  4. ^ "Look for inspiration in the kitchen gardens at Beningbrough Hall, near York", Yorkshire Life magazine, 23 May 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2013
  5. ^ "HISTORY IS MADE AT LINTON AS 426 (THUNDERBIRD) SQN RETURN TO BASE". RAF Linton-on-Ouse. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  6. ^ National Trust Beningbrough Hall Guidebook
  7. ^ "A walk on the outskirts of York: Beningbrough, North Yorkshire". The Guardian. 12 May 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Family days out at Beningborough Hall". National Trust. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Beningbrough Hall bedding down for Big Green Festival", The Press, 23 September 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2013

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]