Benjamin Bloom

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Benjamin Bloom
BornBenjamin Samuel Bloom
(1913-02-21)February 21, 1913
Lansford, Pennsylvania, US
DiedSeptember 13, 1999(1999-09-13) (aged 86)
Chicago, Illinois, US
AwardsE. L. Thorndike Award (1973)
Academic background
Alma mater
Academic work
Sub-disciplineEducational psychology
InstitutionsUniversity of Chicago
Notable ideas

Benjamin Samuel Bloom (February 21, 1913 – September 13, 1999) was an American educational psychologist who made contributions to the classification of educational objectives and to the theory of mastery learning. He also directed a research team which conducted a major investigation into the development of exceptional talent whose results are relevant to the question of eminence, exceptional achievement, and greatness.[1] In 1956, Bloom edited the first volume of Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals, which outlined a classification of learning objectives that has come to be known as Bloom's taxonomy and remains a foundational and essential element within the educational community as evidenced in the 1981 survey "Significant Writings That Have Influenced the Curriculum: 1906–81" by Harold G. Shane and the 1994 yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education. Bloom's 2 Sigma Problem is also named after him.


  1. ^ Bloom, B. S., ed. (1985). Developing Talent in Young People. New York: Ballantine Books.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bloom, Benjamin S. (1980). All Our Children Learning. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Bloom, Benjamin S. Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (1956). Published by Allyn and Bacon, Boston, MA. Copyright (c) 1984 by Pearson Education.
  • Bloom, B. S. (ed). (1985). Developing Talent in Young People. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • Eisner, Eliot W. "Benjamin Bloom: 1913-1999." Prospects, the quarterly review of comparative education (Paris, UNESCO: International Bureau of Education), vol. XXX, no. 3, September 2000. Retrieved from on April 10, 2009.
  • Torsten Husén, Benjamin S. Bloom, in: Joy A. Palmer (ed), Fifty Modern Thinkers on Education: From Piaget to the Present Day, London - New York: Routledge, 2001, pp. 86–90.

External links[edit]

Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
Lee Cronbach
President of the American
Educational Research Association

Succeeded by
Julian Stanley