|Full name||Benjamin Henry Burns|
|Date of birth||28 May 1848|
|Place of birth||Perth, Scotland|
|Date of death||3 June 1932(aged 84)|
|Rugby union career|
|ESPNscrum profile of Benjamin Burns|
Burns was a member of Blackheath F.C. during his early twenties, and in late 1870, along with Edwin Ash, he published a letter in The Times calling for "those who play the rugby-type game should meet to form a code of practice as various clubs play to rules which differ from others, which makes the game difficult to play." Such a meeting took place the following month, leading to the formation of the Rugby Football Union. While he was serving as club secretary of Blackheath, the leading clubs in Scotland wrote a letter to the club issuing a challenge for a match between Scotland and England. Burns replied, agreeing to the contest. He was initially not meant to be among the 20-man England side, but the withdrawal of Francis Isherwood (who played in the second match) saw Burns take his place in the team. England lost the game, which was the first international rugby match, by one goal to nil on 27 March 1871. ESPNscrum lists him as playing as a forward in the match, but his obituary in The Evening Post suggests that he was a half-back. When he worked in India, Burns appeared for the Calcutta Football Club.
In addition to rugby, Burns was also an avid golfer, and while working in Christchurch, he was one of four promoters to establish a gold club at Hagley Park in the city. He won the Christchurch championship on two occasions, and became captain, and later life-member of the club.
Life and business career
Burns was born on 28 May 1848, to Archibald Burns who was general manager of the Bank of Scotland in Perthshire. He started his working life as a clerk for the Oriental Bank Corporation. He moved to India during his work with the bank, but due to health issues, he moved to Christchurch, New Zealand, taking the position of manager of the Colonial Bank. Upon the merger with the Bank of New Zealand, he became assistant-manager of the Christchurch branch. He then went into partnership with Mr Henderson, and upon his death he ran Henderson and Burns, a share broker. By the time of his death in 1932, Burns was a director of Whitcombe & Tombs Ltd. a national chain of book stores.
- "Player Profile: Benjamin Burns". ESPNscrum. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- "The Calcutta Cup: the legacy of a club that died" (PDF). Edinburgh Academical Football Club. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- "Scotland v England at Edinburgh, Mar 27, 1871". ESPNscrum. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- "The first international rugby match". BBC. Retrieved 2011-02-22.
- "Obituary: Mr. B. H. Burns". The Evening Post. 1932-06-06. p. 9. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- "Auckland War Memorial Museum - Burns-Archibald-Gower-World-War-I,-1914-1918". Auckland War Memorial Museum. Retrieved 2011-02-20.