Ben Carson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Benjamin Carson)
Jump to: navigation, search
Ben Carson
Ben Carson by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg
Carson speaking in 2015
Born Benjamin Solomon Carson
(1951-09-18) September 18, 1951 (age 63)
Detroit, Michigan, United States
Fields Pediatric Neurosurgery
Institutions Johns Hopkins Hospital
Alma mater Yale University
University of Michigan
Known for Separation of conjoined twins
Conservative political commentary
Notable awards Presidential Medal of Freedom (2008)
Spouse Candy Carson (m. 1975)
Children 3 sons:

Benjamin Solomon "Ben" Carson, Sr. (born September 18, 1951) is an American author and retired neurosurgeon. He is the first surgeon to successfully separate conjoined twins joined at the head. In 2008 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush. After delivering a widely publicized speech at the 2013 National Prayer Breakfast, he became a popular conservative figure in political media for his views on social and political issues.[citation needed] Carson has announced that he will seek the Republican nomination for President of the United States in 2016.[1]

Early life

Carson was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Sonya (née Copeland) and Robert Solomon Carson, a Seventh-day Adventist minister.[2] Both his parents came from rural Georgia.[2] A DNA test on the television series African American Lives stated that he is of 80% African and 20% European ancestry.[3] His parents divorced when he was 8 and he and his 10-year-old brother Curtis were raised by their mother.[4]

In his book Gifted Hands, Carson relates that in his youth, he had a violent temper. Once, while in the ninth grade, he nearly stabbed a friend during a fight over a radio station, instead breaking the knife blade.[5] After this incident, he began reading the Book of Proverbs, applying verses on anger and thereafter "never had another problem with temper".[6]

Carson attended Southwestern High School in Southwest Detroit where he excelled in JROTC. He quickly rose in rank and was offered an appointment to West Point.[7]

Carson graduated from Yale University, where he majored in psychology.[8] He received his M.D. from the University of Michigan Medical School.[9]

Medical career

Ben Carson in 2013

Carson was a professor of neurosurgery, oncology, plastic surgery, and pediatrics, and he was the director of pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital.[10] At 33, he became the youngest major division director in the hospital's history as director of pediatric neurosurgery. He was also a co-director of the Johns Hopkins Craniofacial Center.

Carson specializes in traumatic brain injuries, brain and spinal cord tumors, achondroplasia, neurological and congenital disorders, craniosynostosis, epilepsy, and trigeminal neuralgia.[10]

Carson believes his hand–eye coordination and three-dimensional reasoning made him a gifted surgeon.[11] After medical school, he became a neurosurgery resident at Johns Hopkins Hospital. He began his career as a neurosurgeon, but also developed an interest in pediatrics.[11]

In 1987, Carson successfully separated conjoined twins, the Binder twins, who had been joined at the back of the head (craniopagus twins). The 70-member surgical team, led by Carson, worked for 22 hours. Both twins survived.[12]

Carson figured in the revival of the hemispherectomy, a drastic surgical procedure in which part or all of one hemisphere of the brain is removed to control severe pediatric epilepsy. He refined the procedure in the 1980s, encouraged by John M. Freeman,[13] and performed it many times.[14][15]

Carson has served on the boards of the Kellogg Company, Costco, and the Academy of Achievement. He is an emeritus fellow of the Yale Corporation.[citation needed]

In March 2013, Carson announced he would retire as a surgeon, stating "I'd much rather quit when I'm at the top of my game".[16] His retirement became official on July 1, 2013.[17]

Awards and honors

Carson is a member of the American Academy of Achievement, and the Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans. In 2000, he received the Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.[18] In 2008, the White House awarded Carson the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor.[19] In 2010, he was elected into the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine.[20] Carson has been awarded 38 honorary doctorate degrees and dozens of national merit citations.[21] In 2014, an American poll conducted by Gallup ranked Carson sixth on a list of the most admired men in the world.[22]


Carson has written six bestselling[23] books published by Zondervan, an international Christian media and publishing company: Gifted Hands, Think Big, The Big Picture, Take the Risk, America the Beautiful, and One Nation. The first book is an autobiography, and two are about his personal philosophies of success (hard work, faith). One Nation in particular was a massive success, remaining at the top of the New York Times bestsellers list for 20 straight weeks, with 5 weeks as #1, outselling Hillary Clinton's Hard Choices.[24]

Carson's book titled Gifted Hands: The Ben Carson Story was released by Zondervan in 1992.[25] A separate television movie with the same title premiered on TNT on February 7, 2009, with Cuba Gooding Jr. in the lead role and Kimberly Elise portraying his mother.[26]

On July 8, 2013, Carson joined The Washington Times as a weekly opinion columnist. He also writes for American CurrentSee, an online publication for conservative African-Americans.[27]

Political affiliation and views

Carson had said he was not a member of any political party.[28] However, he joined the Republican Party on November 4, 2014, the day the 2014 midterms took place, as "truly a pragmatic move" because he may run for president in 2016.[29] In his book America the Beautiful, he explained his decision to enter politics: "I believe it is a very good idea for physicians, scientists, engineers, and others trained to make decisions based on facts and empirical data to get involved in the political arena".[30][31]

Criticism of health insurance companies

In a 1996 interview, Carson said that he found the "concept of for profits for the insurance companies" absurd. He continued, "The first thing we need to do is get rid of for-profit insurance companies. We have a lack of policies and we need to make the government responsible for catastrophic health care".[32]

End-of-life care

In 1992, Carson wrote that aging and technological advancement will eventually lead to many people surviving their 100th birthdays. He questioned the merits of prolonging life, citing the fact that "up to half of the medical expenses incurred in the average American's life are incurred during the last six months of life". He discussed the "dignity of dying in comfort, at home, with an attendant if necessary" and stated, "Decisions on who should be treated and who should not be treated would clearly require some national guidelines".[32][better source needed]

National Prayer Breakfast speech on social and fiscal issues

Carson was the keynote speaker at the February 7, 2013 National Prayer Breakfast.[33] In his speech, he commented on political correctness ("dangerous", because it goes against freedom of expression), education, health care, and taxation. Regarding education, he spoke favorably about graduation rates in 1831, when Alexis de Tocqueville visited the United States, and when "anybody finishing the second grade was completely literate". He espoused the idea of a tax-exempt health savings account created at birth, that can be bequeathed at death, along with an electronic medical record and birth certificate. He supports a flat tax, which he calls the "proportional tax" in reference to the biblical tithe.[34]

The speech was magnified because Carson's views were generally interpreted to be politically conservative, and President Barack Obama was sitting ten feet away.[citation needed] Conservative commentators from Rush Limbaugh to Sean Hannity and Neil Cavuto of Fox News praised the speech as an example of speaking "truth to power". The Wall Street Journal titled one of its op-eds "Ben Carson for President".[citation needed] Columnist Star Parker wrote that he "owes no apology for honest talk".[35] Fox contributor Cal Thomas and commentator Bob Beckel, however, found his comments inappropriate.[36][37]

At White House in 2008 for award

In an interview with Neil Cavuto, Carson defended himself, "Somebody has to be courageous enough to stand up to the bullies".[38] On February 8, he appeared on Hannity, and said that he would run for president "If the Lord grabbed me by the collar and made me do it".[39]

After the speech, Carson said: "I don't think it was particularly political...You know, I'm a physician".[40] Regarding the policies of President Obama, he said: "There are a number of policies that I don't believe lead to the growth of our nation and don't lead to the elevation of our nation. I don't want to sit here and say all of his policies are bad. What I would like to see more often in this nation is an open and intelligent conversation".[citation needed]

In the National Review, Jonah Goldberg compared Carson to Booker T. Washington,[41] while David Graham compared him to Herman Cain without the "personal skeletons" in The Atlantic.[42]

Carson's sudden popularity among conservatives led to him being invited as a featured speaker at the 2013 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC). He tied for seventh place in the Washington Times/CPAC 2013 Straw Poll with 4% of the 3,000 ballots cast.[43][44] In the 2014 CPAC straw poll, he came in third place with 9% of the vote, behind senators Ted Cruz of Texas (with 11%) and Rand Paul of Kentucky (31%).[45]

Carson had a strong showing in the polls at the 2013 and 2014 Values Voter Summits: in 2013, he tied with former Pennsylvania senator Rick Santorum for second place with 13%, behind Ted Cruz's 42%. In 2014, he took 20% of the Values Voter Summit vote to Cruz's 25% and came in first place for the vice presidential poll.[46][47]

Marriage, homosexuality, and evolution

In March 2013, Carson described his opposition to same-sex marriage on Hannity, saying: "Marriage is between a man and a woman. No group, be they gays, be they NAMBLA, be they people who believe in bestiality, it doesn't matter what they are. They don't get to change the definition."[48] Carson's comments drew criticism for using "gays" in the same sentence as pedophiles and practitioners of bestiality. A group of Hopkins students petitioned that he be replaced as the university's commencement speaker.[48][49]

Several days later, Carson withdrew as Hopkins's commencement speaker and apologized, saying that "the examples were not the best choice of words", adding that the Bible "says we have an obligation to love our fellow man as ourselves, and I love everybody the same—all homosexuals".[49][50] He said on CNN that he loved all people, whether gay or straight.[48] Carson added, "I was trying to say that as far as marriage was concerned, it has traditionally been between a man and a woman and no one should be able to change that."[51]

In October 2014, Carson was added to the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC)'s extremist watch list because of his association with groups considered by SPLC to be extremist in nature, his claims of a link between gay people and pedophiles, and his comparison of health care and liberal government to slavery and totalitarianism.[52][53] In February 2015, the SPLC removed his name and apologized to Dr. Carson.[54][55][56][57] stating: "In October 2014, we posted an “Extremist File” of Dr. Ben Carson. This week, as we've come under intense criticism for doing so, we've reviewed our profile and have concluded that it did not meet our standards, so we have taken it down and apologize to Dr. Carson for having posted it. We've also come to the conclusion that the question of whether a better-researched profile of Dr. Carson should or should not be included in our "Extremist Files" is taking attention from the fact that Dr. Carson has, in fact, made a number of statements that express views that we believe most people would conclude are extreme."[58]

In a March 2015 interview with Chris Cuomo, Carson stated that homosexuality was "absolutely" a choice, claiming that "a lot of people go into prison straight, and when they come out, they're gay".[59] Carson later apologized, stating, "I do not pretend to know how every individual came to their sexual orientation."[60][61]

Carson's views on evolution and creationism have also been controversial.[62] In a 2006 debate with Richard Dawkins, Francis Collins, and Daniel Dennett, Carson stated: "I don't believe in evolution...I simply don't have enough faith to believe that something as complex as our ability to rationalize, think, and plan, and have a moral sense of what's right and wrong, just appeared."[63] In 2012, nearly 500 professors, students, and alumni of Emory University wrote a letter expressing concern about his views in advance of his commencement speech (there was no request to rescind the invitation). They cited a quote in an interview with the Adventist Review: "By believing we are the product of random acts, we eliminate morality and the basis of ethical behavior". Carson clarified that "People who believe in survival of the fittest might have more difficulty deriving where their ethics come from. A lot of evolutionists are very ethical people.[62]

Affordable Care Act

On October 11, 2013, Carson spoke at the conservative Values Voters Summit in Washington, D.C., where he called the Affordable Care Act (ACA) "the worst thing that has happened in this nation since slavery". He claimed that the ACA originated with Vladimir Lenin, and quoted Lenin as saying that "socialized medicine is the keystone to the establishment of a socialist state".[64] There is no evidence that Lenin actually said this, but the purported quote appears on a number of conservative websites.[65][66] After an onslaught of criticism, Carson denied that he was "equating Obamacare with slavery" in an October 15 Washington Times column and denounced the "PC police" for attempting "to discredit and...silence" him.[67]

During the National Prayer Breakfast, Carson said about the ACA: Here's my solution. When a person is born, give him a birth certificate, an electronic medical record and a health savings account [HSA]."[68]

Cannabis legalization

Carson is against the legalization of recreational cannabis. He believes it to be a gateway drug that leads to "hedonistic activity".[69]

Gun control

Despite his largely conservative perspective, Carson has suggested that semi-automatic firearms should be better regulated in large cities and high-crime areas. However, he supports the Second Amendment, arguing that "law-abiding citizens should have every right to own all legal weapons".[70]

2016 Presidential campaign

Ben Carson speaking at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland, on February 26, 2015.

Carson's rise in the conservative movement and possible 2016 presidential run inspired a national movement using the catchphrase "Run, Ben, Run" to draft him for the Republican nomination.[71] The organization, called the National Draft Ben Carson for President Committee, was founded by John Philip Sousa IV, a great-grandson of John Philip Sousa. It also served as the primary fundraiser for a potential campaign, with Sousa reporting on April 12 that the movement had raised over $4 million, and that a potential campaign apparatus, from television ads to mailing lists, had already been set up.[72]

In February 2014, a Baltimore Sun poll ranked Carson first among potential Republican candidates, with 24% (Jeb Bush was in second place with 15%); in the same month, Carson came third in an online poll of 62,000 conservative activists.[72] In an interview with The Weekly Standard in May 2014, Carson said that he was "warming up to the idea" of a presidential run. In June 2014, Carson appeared in the first national poll for the 2016 presidential election through Rasmussen. In a hypothetical race against Hillary Clinton, Carson tied with Rand Paul for the strongest showing of any potential Republican nominee, trailing Clinton by 7%.[73] Carson also polled well in a Cygnal poll in Alabama, where he came in second behind Jeb Bush.[74][75] At the end of June 2014, the Draft Committee reported that it had raised over $7 million from 91,000 donors.[76]

On August 2, 2014, it was reported that Carson had officially approved the formation of his own Political Action Committee, named One Nation, and appointed Texas businessman Terry Giles as chairman of a potential presidential campaign. Carson suggested that his final decision on whether to run would depend on the results of the 2014 midterms, and whether the Republicans would regain control of the U.S. Senate. This announcement came shortly after Sousa reported that the draft committee had raised another $1 million, resulting in $8 million raised overall.[77][78]

On August 25, Carson won a large majority of the vote in the Iowa Polk County Straw Poll, with 62%; the next-highest candidate, Ted Cruz, won only 7%.[79] When interviewed by radio host Hugh Hewitt in late September 2014, Carson said "the likelihood is strong" that he would run for president.[80] In October 2014, Bloomberg Politics reported that the Draft Carson movement out-fundraised the pro-Hillary Clinton PAC Ready for Hillary in the third quarter of 2014,[81] shortly after an Iowa poll by the Des Moines Register showed Carson in second place among potential 2016 candidates, behind Mitt Romney.[82] He came in second place in a similar Fox News poll, behind former Arkansas governor Mike Huckabee by one percent.[83]

In early November 2014, following the Republicans' recapture of the Senate, Carson announced that a 40-minute documentary called A Breath of Fresh Air: A New Prescription for America would be airing to "introduce himself". He also announced that he was officially switching his political affiliation from Independent to Republican for the first time, spurring even more speculation that he would run for the Republican nomination, and leading many to consider him the first Republican candidate to essentially confirm his run.[84][85][86][87]

On November 7, Fox News and Carson confirmed that his relationship with the cable news channel had ended. Carson had been hired by Fox News in October 2013.[88]

In January 2015, The Weekly Standard reported that the Draft Carson Committee had raised $13 million by the end of 2014, shortly after Carson performed well in a CNN/ORC poll of potential candidates in December 2014, coming in second in two different versions. He came in second with 10% behind Mitt Romney's 20%, but in the same poll with Romney removed from the list, Carson closed the gap with 11% to Jeb Bush's 14%.[89][90] The Wall Street Journal mentioned that the Draft Carson Committee had chairmen in all of Iowa's 99 counties, and that Carson had recently come in first place in two separate Public Policy polls for the state of Pennsylvania.[91][92]

On May 3, 2015, Carson announced that he would run for president.[93]

Carson Scholars Fund

In 1994, Carson and his wife started the Carson Scholars Fund, which gave scholarships to students in grades 4–11 for "academic excellence and humanitarian qualities".[citation needed] They founded it after reading that U.S. students ranked second to last in terms of math and science testing among 22 countries. They also noticed that schools awarded athletes with trophies whereas honor students only received "a pin or certificate".

Recipients of the Carson Scholars Fund get a $1,000 scholarship towards their college education. It has awarded 6,200 scholarships.[94][95] In recognition for his work with the Carson Scholars Fund and other charitable giving throughout his lifetime, Carson was awarded the William E. Simon Prize for Philanthropic Leadership in 2005.[96]

Personal life

Carson and his wife, Lacena "Candy" Rustin, met in 1971 as students at Yale University. They married in 1975 and have three sons: Ben Jr., Rhoeyce, and Murray. They live in West Friendship, Maryland, and are members of the Seventh-day Adventist Church.[97][98]



  1. ^
  2. ^ a b Gates, Henry. "Ben Carson Finds Rare Proof of African Ties", The Root (July 27, 2011). Retrieved 2013-11-17.
  3. ^ Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (27 January 2009). In Search of Our Roots: How l9 Extraordinary African Americans Reclaimed Their Past. Crown Publishing Group. pp. 196–197. ISBN 978-0-307-40973-7. 
  4. ^ "Ben Carson Biography – Facts, Birthday, Life Story". 1951-09-18. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  5. ^ Fritze, John (December 6, 2014). "In retirement, Ben Carson moving closer to 2016". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Benjamin Carson Interview – p. 3/8 – Academy of Achievement". Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
    Ben Carson, M.D. (9 September 2008). Gifted Hands. Zondervan. pp. 50–53. ISBN 978-0-310-29555-6. 
    Lawton, Kim (11 January 2008). "Dr. Ben Carson". Religion & Ethics Newsweekly (PBS). Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  7. ^ Foster, Daniel (February 13, 2013). "Five Things You Didn’t Know about Dr. Carson". National Review. Retrieved February 9, 2015. [dead link]
  8. ^ "Benjamin S. Carson, M.D.". American Academy of Achievement. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Dr. Ben Carson: A Healer Beyond the Operating Room". The History of African Americans @ Johns Hopkins University. Johns Hopkins University. 2004. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
    James H. Kessler (January 1996). Distinguished African American Scientists of the 20th Century. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 41–42. ISBN 978-0-89774-955-8. 
  10. ^ a b "Neurologists & Neurosurgeons at Johns Hopkins he also worked at K.H.M.H in Belize in 2009 where he did twelve operations. – Profile: Dr. Benjamin Carson". Hopkins Medicine. 2011-06-24. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  11. ^ a b What do you think?. "Conversation from Penn State: Ben Carson Interview". Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  12. ^ "Binder Twins Far From Normal Two Years After Surgery". Associated Press. 26 June 1989. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
    "Twins Disjoined at Head Leave the Hospital". New York Times. Associated Press. 7 April 1988. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
    Karen L. Serivo (5 September 1987). "Johns Hopkins". The Lewiston Daily Sun. Associated Press. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  13. ^ "Johns Hopkins Medicine Community Mourns the Death of Internationally Renowned Pediatric Neurologist John M. Freeman". Johns Hopkins. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "Hemispherectomy End Seizures In Many Older Children With Rare Seizure Disorder". Johns Hopkins. 2002-12-09. 
  15. ^ "For Patients with Epilepsy—Half a Brain That Works". Johns Hopkins. 1998. Retrieved 2014-01-07. 
  16. ^ Aaron Blake (16 March 2013). "Ben Carson announces retirement, feeds presidential speculation". Washington Post. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  17. ^ Armstrong Williams. "My Chat With Retiring Dr. Ben Carson". Newsmax. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  18. ^ "National Winners". Jefferson Awards. Retrieved 2013-12-26. 
  19. ^ "Hopkins Surgeon Ben Carson Receives Medal of Freedom". Johns Hopkins University/Hospital. June 20, 2008. 
  20. ^ "Carson, Hopkins Colleagues Named to Institute of Medicine". October 11, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Bio, Dr Benjamin Carson". Johns Hopkins University/Hospital. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  22. ^ Jones, Jeffrey M. "Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton Extend Run as Most Admired". Gallup. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  23. ^ "August 2008 Extended Best Sellers List", Essence (December 16, 2009). Retrieved 2013-11-17.
  24. ^ "Taking Ben Carson Seriously". Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  25. ^ "Gifted Hands: The Ben Carson Story – Ben Carson, M.D.". Zondervan. 1992-01-28. Retrieved 2013-12-26. ISBN 9780310546511
  26. ^ Gifted Hands: The Ben Carson Story (2009) at the Internet Movie Database
  27. ^ "Dr. Ben Carson joins The Washington Times as weekly columnist". The Washington Times. Retrieved July 9, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Dr. Carson's Prescription". National Review. 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  29. ^ Solomon, John. "Ben Carson officially switches political parties, rejoins GOP". The Washington Times. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  30. ^ Benjamin Carson, M.D.; Candy Carson. America the Beautiful. Zondervan. p. 34. 
  31. ^ Benjamin Carson, M.D.; Candy Carson. America the Beautiful. Zondervan. p. 35. 
  32. ^ a b "Articles: Ben Carson in His Own Words". American Thinker. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  33. ^ "Zondervan Author Ben Carson Gives Keynote at 2013 National Prayer Breakfast". Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  34. ^ "The Carson monologue". Baltimore Sun. February 12, 2013. 
  35. ^ "Ben Carson owes no apology for honest talk". Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  36. ^ "Dr. Ben Carson should apologize to President Obama". Fox News. 2013-02-12. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  37. ^ More Stories from Around the Web (2013-02-12). "Bob Beckel vs. Benjamin Carson". National Review. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  38. ^ Adams, Mike S. (2013-02-11). "Dr. Ben Carson Fires Back at Critics: 'Somebody Has to Be Courageous Enough to Stand Up to the Bullies". TheBlaze. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  39. ^ "Democrat Jan Schakowsky strikes back at Dr. Ben Carson for prayer breakfast speech". Washington Times. 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  40. ^ "Dr. Ben Carson for President? 'I'll Leave That Up to God'". ABC News. 2013-02-17. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  41. ^ "A Speech Worthy of Booker T. Washington". National Review. 2013-02-13. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  42. ^ David A. Graham (February 19, 2013). "Meet Dr. Ben Carson, the New Conservative Folk Hero". The Atlantic. 
  43. ^ "Dr. Ben Carson will speak at CPAC after stealing spotlight from President Obama". Washington Times. 2013-02-27. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  44. ^ Kilar, Steve (2013-03-17). "Dr. Ben Carson announces his retirement, hints at political future". Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  45. ^ Stephen Dinan (8 March 2014). "Rand Paul wins 2014 CPAC straw poll". The Washington Times. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  46. ^ "Cruz wins Values Voter Summit's 2016 straw poll". Fox News. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  47. ^ Julian Hattem. "Cruz clinches straw poll gold again". TheHill. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  48. ^ a b c Edwards, Breanna (March 29, 2013). "Ben Carson: 'I apologize' for gay remark". Politico. Retrieved March 29, 2013. 
  49. ^ a b Zurawik, David (March 29, 2013). "Dr. Ben Carson apologizes, offers to withdraw from Hopkins speech". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved March 29, 2013. 
  50. ^ Blake, Aaron (April 10, 2013). "Ben Carson withdraws as Johns Hopkins graduation speaker". Washington Post. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  51. ^ "Group of Johns Hopkins Med School Students Want Dr. Ben Carson Replaced as Commencement Speaker After Gay Marriage Comments", Fox News Channel (March 29, 2013).
  52. ^ Chasmar, Jessica (February 8, 2015). "Ben Carson placed on Southern Poverty Law Center’s ‘Extremist Watch List’". Washington Times. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  53. ^ Wong, By Curtis M. (February 9, 2015). "GOP Presidential Hopeful Ben Carson Named To Southern Poverty Law Center's Anti-Gay Extremist List". Huffington Post. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  54. ^ "SPLC statement on Dr. Ben Carson". Southern Poverty Law Center. February 11, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2015. 
    "Southern Poverty Law Center apologizes to Ben Carson, takes him off 'extremist’ list". Fox News. February 12, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2015. 
    David Sherfinski (February 12, 2015). "Southern Poverty Law Center recants Ben Carson ‘extremist’ smear". Washington Times. Retrieved February 13, 2015. 
  55. ^ Fox News: "Southern Poverty Law Center apologizes to Ben Carson, takes him off 'extremist’ list" February 12, 2015 | "In October 2014, we posted an 'Extremist File' of Dr. Ben Carson....This week, as we've come under intense criticism for doing so, we've reviewed our profile and have concluded that it did not meet our standards, so we have taken it down and apologize to Dr. Carson for having posted it"
  56. ^ National Journal: "At CPAC, Ben Carson Lambasts 'Purveyors of Division'The surgeon-turned-likely-presidential-hopeful opened the conference Thursday morning.By Emma Rolle" February 26, 2015
  57. ^ Daily Mail: "Southern Poverty Law Center apologizes to black Republican Ben Carson for putting him on 'extremist' list with Nazis and KKK leaders because he opposes gay marriage" by David Martosko February 12, 2015
  58. ^ Southern Poverty Law Center: SPLC Statement on Dr. Ben Carson Wednesday, February 11, 2015
  59. ^ Timm, Jane C. (March 4, 2015). "Dr. Ben Carson Argues Being Gay Is 'Absolutely' a Choice". NBC News. Retrieved March 4, 2015. 
  60. ^ Eric Bradner (5 Mar 2015). "Ben Carson apologizes for comments on gay people". CNN. 
  61. ^ "Ben Carson Apologizes for Comments on Gay Prisoners". Bloomberg. 5 Mar 2015. 
  62. ^ a b Strauss, Valerie (May 8, 2012). "Ben Carson's creationist views spark controvery over commencement speech". Washington Post. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  63. ^ "Richard Dawkins & Daniel Dennett vs. Francis Collins & Benjamin Carson". Internet Archive. 2001-03-10. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  64. ^ Ben Carson's Value Voters Summit 2013: Complete Speech. Video on YouTube, Retrieved October 17, 2013
  65. ^ Marabella, Jean (October 12, 2013). "Carson is quoting Lenin to criticize Obamacare. Is the reference bogus?". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  66. ^ Blumenthal, David; James A. Monroe (2010). The Heart of Power: Health and Politics in the Oval Office. University of California Press. pp. 91–92. ISBN 9780520268098. 
  67. ^ "CARSON: Did you really hear what I said?". The Washington 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2013-12-26. 
  68. ^ C-Span: National Prayer Breakfast, February 2014.
  69. ^ Richter, Greg. "Ben Carson: Legal Recreational Marijuana Latest Plunge Into Hedonism". Newsmax. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
    "Dr. Carson on Colo. Recreational Marijuana Sales: We're Removing All Barriers to Hedonistic Activity". Fox News. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
    "Dr. Carson: Americans need to talk about ramifications of legal marijuana". Fox News. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  70. ^ "'Conservative Hero' Ben Carson To Beck: You Have No Right To Semi-Automatic Weapons In Large Cities". Mediaite. 2013-03-03. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  71. ^ "National Draft Ben Carson for President Committee". Draft Ben Carson. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  72. ^ a b Bedard, Paul (February 11, 2014) "Ted Cruz, Rand Paul top huge Tea Party poll; Chris Christie, Jeb Bush dead last", The Washington Examiner.
  73. ^ Barnes, Fred (May 16, 2014) "Ben Carson Moves Toward Presidential Run", The Weekly Standard. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  74. ^ Ponnuru, Ramesh (May 15, 2014) "Ben Carson Thinks He Just May Have to Run", Bloomberg View. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
  75. ^ "Alabama Primary Runoff Flash Poll – 07/10/14". Cygnal, July 10, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  76. ^ "Timeline Photos – National Draft Ben Carson for President Committee". Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  77. ^ "Carson Takes Major Steps Toward A 2016 White House Bid". Fox News, August 2, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  78. ^ Solomon, John, "Ben Carson Takes Major Step Toward Presidential Campaign", The Washington Times, August 1, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  79. ^ Pappas, Alex (August 25, 2014) – "Democrats Go After Ben Carson After He Wins Straw Poll". The Daily Caller. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  80. ^ Sullivan, Peter (September 23, 2014), "Ben Carson: 'Strong' Chance I'll Run in '16". The Hill. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  81. ^ Mattingly, Phil (October 15, 2014) – "Ben Carson's Longshot Presidential Bid Suddenly Looks a Lot More Realistic". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  82. ^ "BLOOMBERG/IOWA POLL : SELZER & COMPANY Study #2104" (PDF). Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  83. ^ "Fox News Poll: Iowa Senate race". Fox News. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  84. ^ Walshe, Shushannah,"Republican Ben Carson Hints He May Throw His Hat in the 2016 Ring". ABC News, November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  85. ^ Brown, Peter, "Ben Carson Switches Political Parties", Western Journalism, November 6, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  86. ^ "Ben Carson Basically Just Admitted He’s Running For President". Rare, November 6, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  87. ^ "Thinking 2016? Ben Carson to Air Hour-Long Ad This Weekend". Fox News, November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  88. ^ Brian Stelter (November 8, 2014). "Ben Carson leaves Fox News, mulls run". CNN. Retrieved November 8, 2014. 
    Dinan, Stephen (7 November 2014). "Ben Carson leaves Fox News role". Washington Times. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  89. ^ "Interviews with 1,045 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on November 21-23, 2014." (PDF). Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  90. ^ "Taking Ben Carson Seriously". Weekly Standard. Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  91. ^ Epstein, Reid J. (2015-01-23). "Outsider Ben Carson Rises in 2016 GOP Field". Retrieved 2015-05-02. 
  92. ^ "Hillary holds steady against cloudy Republican field in Pennsylvania" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-05-02. 
  93. ^
  94. ^ Simmons, Deborah. "Carson fund helps to inspire students", The Washington Times (February 1, 2009).
  95. ^ Madeleine Buckley. "Our History". Carson Scholars Fund. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  96. ^ "Updates on Past Winners, 2001-2013". Philanthropy Roundtable. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  97. ^ "Encyclopedia of World Biography: Biography of Benjamin S. Carson". Notable Biographies. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  98. ^ "Ben Carson". Redland Baptist Church. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 

External links