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Ben Caunt, by unknown engraver
|Nickname(s)||Torkard Giant, Big Ben|
|Weight(s)||18 st (250 lb; 110 kg)|
|Height||6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)|
22 March 1815|
Hucknall Torkard, Nottinghamshire, England
|Died||10 September 1861(aged 46)|
Caunt was born on 22 March 1815 in Hucknall Torkard in Nottinghamshire in England. Caunt stood 6 feet 2 inches (1.88 m) tall and weighed 18 stone. He was said to be strong, durable, willing yet also slow and clumsy. His early boxing career is not well known, but he did defeat several minor local opponents at the age of 18.
In 1834 he beat George Graham (of Lincolnshire). On 21 July 1835, Caunt boxed William "Bendigo" Thompson and was disqualified for an alleged foul striking Thompson while he was sitting in his corner.
On 3 April 1838, Caunt again fought William Thompson on Skipworth Common, and after 75 rounds Thompson was disqualified for going down without being struck; Caunt claimed the Heavyweight Championship of England but this was not generally accepted.
On 24 June Caunt was scheduled to again fight William Thompson but the bout was cancelled.
Then in 1841 on 2 February Caunt fought Nick Ward on Crookham Common for the Heavyweight Championship of England where the crowd forced the referee to disqualify Caunt for an alleged blow striking Ward while he was down.
Caunt avenged this defeat on 11 May of the same year, defeating Ward in 35 rounds at Long Marsden to become the Heavyweight Champion of England. On 10 September 1841 Caunt sailed to America to challenge Tom Hyer to a world championship bout, but Hyer never replied. Caunt returned to England on 10 March 1842 with the "American Giant" Charles Freeman.
In 1845 he was challenged for the English heavyweight title by William Thompson. On 9 September Caunt lost at Stoney Stratford with a disputable decision after 93 rounds where it was alleged that Caunt went down without a blow striking him. Caunt denied this accusation and announced his retirement, only to return for a final attempt at the heavyweight crown 12 years later.
Retirement and attempted comeback
Between 1845 and 1851 Caunt worked as farm labourer and then became the landlord of the Coach and Horses pub at St. Martin's Lane, a business that made him very prosperous until the premises were destroyed in a fire that killed two of his children.
In his final fight on 21 September 1857, Caunt fought Nat Langham at Home Circuit, where after 60 rounds both men were too exhausted to continue and a draw was declared.
Death and legacy
Caunt died of pneumonia on 10 September 1861 at an address in St. Martin's Lane in London. He is buried outside the north transept of the Parish Church of St. Mary Magdalene in Hucknall close to the grave of his two children who died in the Coach and Horses fire.
It is said that "Big Ben", the hour bell of the clock-tower of the Palace of Westminster, is named after this English Heavyweight Champion. The origin of the name is contested with Westminster's Chief Lord of the Woods and Forests, Sir Benjamin Hall. A large and ponderous man known affectionately in the House as "Big Ben", he is said to have given an impressively long speech on the subject. When, at the end of this oratorical marathon, Sir Benjamin sank back into his seat, a wag in the chamber shouted out: "Why not call him Big Ben and have done with it?" The house erupted in laughter; Big Ben had been named. This, at least, is the most commonly accepted story. However, according to the booklet written for the old Ministry of Works by Alan Phillips (1959):
"Like other nice stories, this has no documentary support; Hansard failed to record the interjection. The Times had been alluding to 'Big Ben of Westminster' since 1856. Probably, the derivation must be sought more remotely. The current champion of the prize ring was Benjamin Caunt, who had fought terrific battles with Bendigo, and who in 1857 lasted sixty rounds of a drawn contest in his final appearance at the age of 42. As Caunt at one period scaled 17 stone (238 lbs, or 108 kilogrammes), his nickname was Big Ben, and that was readily bestowed by the populace on any object the heaviest of its class. So the anonymous MP may have snatched at what was already a catchphrase." HMSO
- 'Big Ben' Caunt, Ashfield District Council: https://web.archive.org/web/20110613191213/http://www.ashfield-dc.gov.uk/ccm/navigation/community-and-living/faiths--beliefs-and-religions/st--mary-magdalene/-big--ben-caunt/%3Bjsessionid%3DC67652C9797FAB972267E2ADEB50DEA0
- Alan Phillips 1959, The story of Big Ben, Ministry of Works, H.M.S.O
- Hess, John (27 July 2012). "Could Big Ben lose out in Diamond Jubilee name change ?". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- "'Big' Ben Caunt". Ashfield District Council. Archived from the original on 29 September 2006. Retrieved 1 February 2013.