Born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania in 1765, Benjamin Ellicott accompanied his brothers Andrew and Joseph Ellicott in 1789 to the British Province of Upper Canada in a survey to determine the western boundary of the State of New York. During 1791, 1792 and 1793, he assisted his brothers in the survey and mapping of the future City of Washington and in the survey of the original boundaries of the 100 square miles (260 km2) District of Columbia (see Boundary Markers of the Original District of Columbia). During November–December 1792, he led a survey that helped settle a boundary dispute within the present Ontario County in western New York state (see Preemption Line). From 1794-1797, he was employed as a surveyor and draftsman for the Holland Land Company, assisting his brother Joseph in surveys of the company's lands in western Pennsylvania. In 1798, he was in charge of the company's surveys in western New York. In 1803, he became one of the first judges of the Court of Common Pleas of Genesee County, New York in Batavia.
Ellicott was elected as a Democratic-Republican representative from New York to the Fifteenth Congress (March 4, 1817 – March 3, 1819). He was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1820 to the Seventeenth Congress. He then retired from active life and in 1826 moved to Williamsville, New York, where he died December 10, 1827. He was interred in the graveyard at Williamsville. He was reinterred in Batavia Cemetery, Batavia, New York, in 1849.
- "Benjamin Ellicott" in Bartlett, G. Hunter (1922). Frank H. Severance, ed. "Andrew and Joseph Ellicott: The Plans of Washington City and the Village of Buffalo and Some of the Persons Concerned". Publications of the Buffalo Historical Society. Buffalo, New York: Buffalo Historical Society. 26: 33–36. Retrieved December 26, 2014. At Google Books.
- (1) Tindall, William (1914). "IV. The First Board of Commissioners". Standard History of the City of Washington From a Study of the Original Sources. Knoxville, Tennessee: H. W. Crew and Company. p. 147. At Google Books.
(2) Mathews, Catharine Van Cortlandt (1908). "Columbia". Andrew Ellicott: His Life and Letters. Grafton Press. pp. 81–86. At Google Books.
(3) Bedini, Silvio A. (Spring–Summer 1991). "The Survey of the Federal Territory: Andrew Ellicott and Benjamin Banneker". Washington History. Washington, D.C.: Historical Society of Washington, D.C. 3 (1): 91. JSTOR 40072968.
- (1) Henry, Marian S. (February 25, 2000). "The Phelps-Gorham Purchase". Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
(2) Aldrich, Lewis Cass (1893). George S. Conover, ed. History of Ontario County, New York. Syracuse, NY: D. Mason & Co. pp. 94–95. At Google Books.
- (1) "Holland Land Company Maps". New York Heritage. 2013. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
(2) Weissend, Patrick R. (2002). "The Life and Times of Joseph Ellicott" (PDF). Holland Land Office Museum. Batavia, New York: Holland Purchase Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 27, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- "Ellicott, Benjamin, (1765 - 1827)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Archived from the original on July 24, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Archibald S. Clarke
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 21st congressional district
with John C. Spencer
Albert H. Tracy,