Benjamin Franklin High School (New Orleans)
|Benjamin Franklin High School|
|2001 Leon C. Simon Drive
New Orleans, Louisiana 70122
|School type||Selective Admissions Public Charter high school|
|School board||Orleans Parish School District (charter school)|
|NCES District ID||2201170|
|NCES School ID||220117000888|
|Principal||Dr. Patrick Widhalm|
|Faculty||46 (Fall 2006)|
|Student to teacher ratio||15.53:1 (Spring 2010)|
|Campus size||6.5 acres (0.0263 km2)|
|Color(s)||Green, White, & Orange|
Benjamin Franklin High School is a Selective Admissions Public Charter high school in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Commonly nicknamed "Franklin" or "Ben Franklin", this school should not be confused with Franklin High School in Franklin, Louisiana. Ben Franklin was founded in 1957 as a school for gifted children. In 1990, it moved to its current location on the campus of the University of New Orleans (UNO) in the Lake Terrace/Lake Oaks neighborhood of Orleans Parish, near Lake Pontchartrain. The school was damaged by several feet of flood water due to Hurricane Katrina in the fall of 2005, and efforts to reopen the school were covered by nationwide news agencies. Although the school is part of the Orleans Parish School District, it operates as a charter school .
Ben Franklin has a selective admissions process, and according to CBS News is a "magnet for the city's smart and motivated students." It has been named a Blue Ribbon School four times by the U.S. Department of Education, and was ranked 16 on the 2009 "America's Best High Schools" list by U.S. News & World Report. The class of 2008 produced 17 National Achievement Semifinalists, the most of any school in the United States.
Ben Franklin is a member of the Louisiana High School Athletic Association and offers a variety of sports programs. Extracurricular activities are also offered in the form of performing arts, school publications, and clubs. Because of its selective admissions policies, the school was accused in 1996 of an admissions bias against African Americans. Notable alumni of the school include Wynton Marsalis, a Pulitzer Prize winning trumpeter.
Benjamin Franklin High School opened as a school for gifted children in 1957 under the direction of School Superintendent James F. Redmond and Principal Naomi Gardberg. At the time, schools under the Orleans Parish School Board were segregated. In 1960, Judge J. Skelly Wright of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana ordered the desegregation of New Orleans schools in Bush v. Orleans Parish School Board. In response to the order, 2,000 youths surged through New Orleans streets in demonstrations against school integration on November 16, 1960. Only eight Franklin students were absent from class. A Time Magazine article later stated that Redmond's "proudest memory of the first day of integration three weeks ago, when truancy was rife, is that 'my Franklin kids stuck with it.'"
From its inception, Franklin was designed to be a public school for gifted students, and admissions requirements included having a 120 IQ. Following an appeal of Bush v. Orleans Parish School Board, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit stated in 1962 that Franklin was "one of the finest schools in the country for superior students" and suggested that African American students who met the school's exacting admissions requirements be admitted. Under pressure from federal courts, Franklin became the first public high school in New Orleans to desegregate in 1963.
For over 30 years the school was housed in the historic Carrollton Courthouse on Carrollton Avenue in Uptown New Orleans. Built in 1855, the building had served as the Jefferson Parish Courthouse until the City of Carrollton was incorporated into New Orleans. By 1987, the building had fallen into disrepair and lacked basic air conditioning. Despite these conditions, Franklin maintained a reputation as a place of academic excellence.
In the late 1980s, the Orleans Parish School Board leased land from the University of New Orleans (UNO) and built a larger and more modern campus for Ben Franklin. Ben Franklin moved to this current Lake Terrace/Lake Oaks campus during the 1989–1990 school year. The building was designed by E. Eean Mcnaughton Architects and received an honor award from the American Institute of Architects Gulf States Region in 1994. Visitors to the school included President Bill Clinton, who spoke with Franklin students on April 30, 1993 about his plans to create a National Service Initiative.
Ben Franklin is located near the London Avenue Canal. Like most other UNO buildings and New Orleans public schools, Ben Franklin was damaged by several feet of flood water due to Hurricane Katrina. The school was closed before the storm hit on August 29, 2005, and remained closed for several months. Over US $3 million in damage was caused by the storm. School administration, faculty, parents, students, alumni, and volunteers participated in a massive cleanup effort, without funding from and independent of the Orleans Parish School Board. The effort was chronicled by several nationwide news agencies.
After Katrina, Ben Franklin received support from across the nation and around the world. On December 8, 2005, the United States Ambassador to Germany, William R. Timken, Jr., accepted a "Band of Friendship" from the students of Clay Oberschule, Ben Franklin's official GAPP partner school in Berlin, Germany. Monetary contributions included $10,000 from the government of France and a $70,000 grant from the Laura Bush Foundation for America's Libraries. The school re-opened as a charter school on January 17, 2006, the 300th birthday of its namesake Benjamin Franklin. The re-opening ceremony was held in the previously flooded-out gym. The gym had been the most severely damaged structure on campus; all of the floor tiles had to be removed and replaced, and the wind-damaged ceiling had to be repaired. In 2007, the school celebrated its 50th anniversary with a free reception.
An admissions test is required to apply to Ben Franklin. Enrollment is open to residents of Orleans Parish entering ninth, tenth, or eleventh grade. Students applying for tenth grade must have one credit in English, math, science, social studies, and foreign language. Students applying for 11th grade must have two credits in each of the listed courses. Admission is based on an applicant's GPA and performance on the Iowa Test of Basic Skills or the Iowa Tests of Educational Development for reading, language, and mathematics. The Iowa Tests are administered at Ben Franklin. All students meeting the criteria for entrance into 9th grade are also required to pass the LEAP 21 exam (Louisiana Educational Assessment Program for the 21st Century Exam taken in 8th grade). Ben Franklin had 609 students during the 2009-2010 school year. The demographics were 270 (44.3%) Caucasian, 183 (30%) African American, 141 (23.2%) Asian/Pacific Islander, 14 (2.23%) Hispanic, and 1 (0.02%) American Indian/Alaskan Native.
Ben Franklin features a college-preparatory curriculum and an Advanced Placement (AP) Program. Students are required to complete a minimum of 24 academic units that includes 4 in English, 3 in foreign language, 4 in mathematics, 4 in science, 4 in social science, 2 in electives, 1.5 in physical education, .5 in health, and starting with the class of 2012, 1 credit in the arts. As of 2008, the school offers 20 AP courses for students to earn college credit. A selection of elective courses are offered, including studio art, creative writing, music appreciation, and theater. The foreign language offerings are French, German, Spanish, Mandarin, and Latin. Students may also enroll concurrently at local universities and the New Orleans Center for Creative Arts (NOCCA). The school is within walking distance of the UNO library, and students can obtain library cards through a "special borrowers" program.
According to CBS News, Ben Franklin is "one of the best public high schools in the country — a magnet for the city's smart and motivated students." Approximately 99.5% of each graduating class enters a four-year college. Of the 162 students in the class of 2006, 28 were National Merit Semifinalists, 7 were National Achievement Finalists, and 3 were Hispanic Scholars. The class of 2008 produced 17 National Achievement Semifinalists, the most of any school in the United States. For the class of 2005, the mean SAT Verbal score was 645, and the mean SAT Math score was 636. The mean ACT composite score was 27.2. One hundred percent of Franklin students passed the Louisiana Graduate Exit Examination (GEE) in Spring 2006, with a significant number achieving Advanced and Mastery level.
In the fall of 2005, Ben Franklin was one of three high schools given a five star rating (the highest possible) by the Louisiana Department of Education, based on its School Performance Score (SPS). The SPS is based on test scores from LEAP/GEE subject area tests in addition to "The Iowa Tests" results and attendance/dropout data. The following table displays the three schools, along with their respective SPS in 2005.
|School Name||Magnet School Status||Performance Label (2005)||Baseline SPS (2005)|
|Benjamin Franklin Senior High School||Yes||Five Stars||200.5|
|Caddo Parish Magnet High School||Yes||Five Stars||176.6|
|Baton Rouge Magnet High School||Yes||Five Stars||171.7|
In fall 2008, the Louisiana Department of Education rated schools in Orleans Parish for the first time since Hurricane Katrina. With an SPS of 165.2, Ben Franklin again had the highest performance score in the state.
Benjamin Franklin High School was named a National Blue Ribbon School by the U.S. Department of Education in 1989, 2003, 2009, and 2015. It has been ranked by Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report as one of the top 50 public schools in the U.S. with regards to student test scores and advanced placement programs. Ben Franklin was listed as one of the elite public schools in the country by Newsweek in 2006 and 2007. In 2008 and 2009, Franklin was no longer listed as a "public elite" and instead ranked numbers 35 and 52, respectively, on the complete Newsweek lists of "America's Top Public High Schools." Ben Franklin was also ranked 16 in the nation by U.S. News & World Report on its 2009 "America's Best High Schools" list and was one of its featured stories. Additionally, 2 art and 12 academic Presidential Scholars have been selected from the school as of 2007. The class of 2014 produced twenty-five National Merit Semi-finalists, fifteen National Achievement Semi-Finalists, three National Hispanic Scholars and fifteen National Merit Commended Scholars. 17 Benjamin Franklin seniors named Finalists in the 2014 Competition for National Merit Scholarships.
Ben Franklin teams are known as the "Falcons" with school colors green, white, and orange. The Falcons are in District 10-4A (Div. II) of the Louisiana High School Athletic Association and features the following athletic programs:
- Girls: basketball, cheerleading, cross country, dance team, golf, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, track, volleyball.
- Boys: baseball, basketball, cross country, football, golf, soccer, swimming, tennis, track.
The Ben Franklin girls' soccer team was the Class 4A State Champion in 1998, 2003, and 2004, and the volleyball team won state titles in 1996, 2002, and 2003. In 16 years as Ben Franklin's head volleyball coach, Jodee Pulizzano led Franklin teams to six Division II state championships and two runner-up trophies.
Accomplishments since 1996 include:
- swimming-girls (AAAA Champion 1997; Runner-up 1996, 1999)
- swimming-boys (AAAA Champion 2001; Runner-up 1999, 2000)
- volleyball (AAAA Champion 1996,2002,2003; Runner-up 1997, 2004)
- girls' soccer (AAAA Champion 1998,2003,2004)
- boys' soccer (AAAA Champion 2004; AAAA Runner-up 2005; AAA Runner-up 2011)
- tennis-girls (AAAA Runner-up 1997)
- tennis-boys (AAA Champion 2008, 2009; AAAA Runner-up 2004, 2006, 2007; AAA Runner-up 2010)
- Cheerleaders (First place at the Spirit Blast Cheer and Dance Championship 2010 against two other schools)
The music program at Ben Franklin was founded by Peter Dombourian, who served as part-time band director and music teacher from 1974 until 1991. His students included trumpeter Wynton Marsalis, who enrolled concurrently at Ben Franklin and NOCCA. In 2005, the band room and music lockers at Ben Franklin were flooded in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, destroying the school's collection of instruments, privately owned instruments left behind by students, and approximately $100,000 of sheet music. The Tipitina's Foundation, New Orleans Music Exchange, Mr. Holland's Opus Foundation, and P.S. 54 Charles W Leng School were among the contributors who helped the music program continue. Student musicians in the concert band and string orchestra participate annually in the Louisiana Music Educator's Association (LMEA) State Festivals, where they often collect "Superior" ratings.
Franklin also has a theater program. In March 2008, Franklin theater students were able to conduct a mixed-media performance of James Still's "And Then They Came for Me: Remembering the World of Anne Frank" with Holocaust survivor/author Eva Schloss in attendance. The play was co-sponsored by the National World War II Museum and coincided with Schloss' lecture at the museum.
Franklin also has a TV station for students known as FTV. Ben Franklin publications include The Riverbend Review (literary magazine), and The Franklin Falcon (yearbook). The Riverbend Review, published since 1987, has received numerous awards from the Columbia Scholastic Press Association and the American Scholastic Press Association, winning a Silver Crown and First Place classification in 2008 and a Gold Crown and First Place with Special Merit classification in 2009. The Spring 2008 volume featured student poetry, short stories, original art, and an interview with writer Andrei Codrescu.
The class of 2006 was the subject of an online documentary called Yearbook 2006, created by bluecadet interactive and produced by Josh Goldblum, Josh Cogan, and David Lee. The non-profit Web-based project features 140 minutes of raw interviews as well as photographs and other multimedia designed to capture the lives of about 30 Franklin seniors after Katrina. The project, featured in the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's Spirit of Recovery conference and USA Today, was designed to “give a cohesive and layered forum to the fractured voices of those seniors who were displaced and those who remained in New Orleans, aiming to, above all, nurture and heal the vibrant social fabric that Katrina threatened to destroy.”
Accusations of bias in admissions
The school's selective admissions policies have led to accusations of bias. Before Hurricane Katrina, it was estimated that 450 of 800 applicants on average were not accepted because of insufficient grades and test scores. Compared to the rest of the city, the school has a disproportionately low percentage of African Americans. Carl Galmon, a local activist, claimed in 1996 that Franklin's admissions tests are culturally biased against black students. Following Katrina, the school converted to a charter school and preserved its selective admissions system. The school has received praise for traditionally producing some of the "highest-performing students in the entire state of Louisiana," including an exceptional number of students awarded by the National Achievement Scholarship Program of the National Merit Scholarship Corporation, a program open only to African Americans.
- Lolis Eric Elie: former columnist at the Times-Picayune, TV writer for Treme and Hell on Wheels, author, award-winning documentary filmmaker, author of Smokestack Lightning: Adventures in the Heart of Barbecue Country (ISBN 1-58008-660-8)
- Ted Frank: Director of the AEI Legal Center for the Public Interest
- Jalila Jefferson-Bullock: Louisiana State Legislature - Representative, District 91: 2003-2007
- Anya Kamenetz: freelance writer & columnist, author of Generation Debt (ISBN 978-1-59448-907-5)
- Delfeayo Marsalis: jazz trombonist - attended Ben Franklin/NOCCA
- Wynton Marsalis: Pulitzer Prize, nine-time Grammy Award winning musician - attended Ben Franklin/NOCCA
- James Nolan: poet, fiction writer, essayist, and translator
- Wendell Pierce: actor, star of the HBO dramas The Wire and Treme
- Wade Rathke: co-founder of the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN)
- Cedric Richmond: U.S. Representative, Louisiana's 2nd district: 2011-current; Louisiana State Representative, District 101: 1999-2010
- David Kinch, World Renowned Chef. 2010 Iron Chef Winner over Bobby Flay. Winner of 2010 James Beard Award. Owner of Michelin two star rated restaurant Manresa, in Los Gatos, CA
- Walter Williams: Saturday Night Live writer, creator of Mr. Bill
- David "Dee-1" Augustine: rapper
- Richard (Dick) Talens, Entrepreneur, Celebrity Trainer, and Co-Founder Fitocracy
In popular culture
Benjamin Franklin High School has appeared in film, books, and other media. In a short play that appears in New Orleans novelist Walker Percy's Lost in the Cosmos, the lead character attends Franklin.
Portions of the school's atrium and front entrance were used in the 2004 Disney Channel movie Stuck in the Suburbs. The school was also used for portions of the 2005 Lifetime Television movie Odd Girl Out.
In Julie Smith's mystery novel Louisiana Hotshot, murder victim Rhonda Bergeron is said to have graduated from Ben Franklin High School in New Orleans. In Ronald Everett Capps' novel Off Magazine Street (loosely adapted into the film A Love Song for Bobby Long), Byron Burns decides to send Hanna to Benjamin Franklin High School, a school "he had heard had a fair reputation."
- "Search for Public School Districts – District Detail for Orleans Parish". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved Dec 7, 2012.
- "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Benjamin Franklin High School". National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved Dec 7, 2012.
- "Benjamin Franklin High School". National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved 2009-03-03.
- "Benjamin Franklin High School" (PDF). School Facilities Master Plan for Orleans Parish. New Orleans Public Schools. January 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-05-12. Retrieved 2010-02-26.
- "Principal Pushes To Reopen School". CBS News "The Early Show". 2006-01-19. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- Calefati, Jessica (2008-12-04). "The High School That Beat Katrina". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 2008-12-04.
- "Best High Schools: Gold Medal List". U.S. News & World Report. 2008-12-04. Archived from the original on 2008-12-10. Retrieved 2010-02-26.
- Montoya, Maria (2007-12-17). "Brain gain: Ben Franklin No. 1 in National Achievement semifinalists". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 2007-12-12.
- Langenhennig, Susan "What's the future of the vacant Carrollton Courthouse?" The Times Picayune, May 29, 2015, Retrieved 05 Oct 2015.
- Thevenot, Brian (2004-05-18). "Drawn Apart; New Orleans public magnet schools represent both an answer to failed integration and a new kind of segregation". The Times-Picayune.
- "Gardberg-Guichard Scholarship". Benjamin Franklin High School. Archived from the original on September 23, 2010. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
- "Bush v. Orleans Parish School Board, 308 F.2d 491 (5th Cir. 1962)". AltLaw. Archived from the original on 2009-01-26. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
- Douglas, Davison M. "Bush v. Orleans Parish School Board and the Desegregation of New Orleans Schools". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
- Sitton, Claude (1960-11-01). "2,000 Youths Riot in New Orleans; Police Arrest 50 and Subdue Anti-Integration Mobs". Special to The New York Times. The New York Times. p. 1.
- "Hot Seat in New Orleans". Time Magazine. 1960-12-12. Retrieved 2007-02-25.
- Baker, Liva (1996). The Second Battle of New Orleans: The Hundred-Year Struggle to Integrate the Schools. New York, NY: Harper Collins. p. 329. ISBN 0-06-016808-0.
- Fairclough, Adam (1999). Race & Democracy, The Civil Rights Struggle in Louisiana, 1915-1972. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press. p. 263. ISBN 0-8203-2118-4.
- "Miscellaneous Facts from the Louisiana Division". New Orleans Public Library. 2005-02-02. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
- "Images of the Month: April 2004". New Orleans Public Library. 2004-03-24. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- Associated Press (1987-05-21). "Heat is burning issue at Ben Franklin High". The Advocate (Baton Rouge, La.).
- Marcus, Frances Frank (1988-12-18). "THE NATION: The View From America's Stranded Public Schools; Lack of Interest: In New Orleans, Many Opt Out". The New York Times. p. 4, sec. 4, column 2.
- Caldas, Stephen J.; Bankston, Carl Leon (2005). Forced to Fail: The Paradox of School Desegregation. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 117. ISBN 0-275-98693-4.
- "Regional History - New Orleans Collection". Southeastern Louisiana University: Center for South Louisiana Studies. Retrieved 2007-03-01.
- "BENJAMIN FRANKLIN HIGH SCHOOL, New Orleans, LA". E. Eean Mcnaughton Architects Project Page. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
- "Remarks by the President with students of the National Service Initiative: at Benjamin Franklin High School.". William J. Clinton Presidential Center. Archived from the original on 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2008-10-01.
- Saulny, Susan (2006-01-04). "Students Return to Big Changes in New Orleans". The New York Times. Retrieved 2006-03-15.
- Anders, George (2006-01-13). "Back to Class: How a Principal In New Orleans Saved Her School". The Wall Street Journal, p. A1 (dead tree edition). Retrieved 2006-03-15.
- ""Fresh Air": Back in School, Back in New Orleans". National Public Radio. 2006-03-15. Retrieved 2007-02-15.
- "Speech by Ambassador William R. Timken, Jr. to the students of the Clay Oberschule". U.S. Embassy in Germany. 2005-12-08. Retrieved 2007-03-01.
- "French Cultural Aid to Louisiana". General Consulate of France in New Orleans. Archived from the original on 2008-01-10. Retrieved 2007-02-15.
- "Gulf Coast School Library Recovery Initiative: August 2006 Grant Recipients" (PDF). The Laura Bush Foundation. 2006-08-29. p. 1. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- "Camille Bullock's reopening speech" (PDF). Benjamin Franklin High School. 2006-01-17. Retrieved 2008-07-14.[dead link]
- Bronston, Barri (2005-12-05). "Mind over muck". The Times-Picayune.
- "Benjamin Franklin High celebrates 50th anniversary". New Orleans CityBusiness. 2007-09-20. Archived from the original on 2009-01-26. Retrieved 2010-02-26.
- "Benjamin Franklin Admissions Booklet" (PDF). Benjamin Franklin High School. 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-17.[dead link]
- Stall, Buddy (2000-06-22). "Franklin's statue well traveled throughout city". Clarion Herald. Archived from the original on 2001-02-22. Retrieved 2007-02-15.
- "Benjamin Franklin High School 2008 Profile" (PDF). Benjamin Franklin High School. 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
- "2009-2010 Course Selection Guide for Students and Parents" (PDF). Benjamin Franklin High School. 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-26.
- "UNO Library: Borrowing Privileges". University of New Orleans. Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- . "Blue Ribbon Schools Program Application - Benjamin Franklin High School" (PDF). U.S. Department of Education. p. 6. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
- Stokley, Viebica (1999-01-22). "A tale of two schools". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- Maloney, Stephen (2007-10-15). "Defying the odds". New Orleans CityBusiness. Archived from the original on 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2010-02-26.
- "GEE Grades 10 & 11 - First-Time Test Takers". Louisiana Department of Education. 2006. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-15.
- "2004-2005 Accountability User Guide" (PDF). Louisiana Department of Education. 2005. Retrieved 2008-07-14.
- "Fall 2005 Detailed School-Level Tables" (XLS). Louisiana Department of Education. Retrieved 2007-03-02.
- "No Child Left Behind – Blue Ribbon Schools: All Public High Schools" (PDF). U.S. Department of Education. 2003. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- "New Orleans Has No. 1 Public School In State". WDSU Channel 6. 2008-11-15. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
- Simon, Darren (2008-11-07). "New Orleans schools post gains in performance scores, though some scores remain low". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
- "List of Blue Ribbon Schools Recognized 1982-2002" (PDF). U.S. Department of Education. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2007-03-04.
- "2009 Blue Ribbon Schools" (PDF). U.S. Department of Education. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-21.
- "2015 Blue Ribbon Schools" (PDF). U.S. Department of Education. 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
- "The Public Elites". Newsweek Magazine. 2006-05-08. Archived from the original on 2006-11-10. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- "The Public Elites". Newsweek Magazine. 2007-05-28. Archived from the original on 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2007-08-07.
- "The Top of the Class: The complete list of the 1,300 top U.S. high schools". Newsweek Magazine. 2008-05-20. Retrieved 2008-05-21.
- "The Top of the Class: The complete list of the 1,500 top U.S. high schools". Newsweek Magazine. 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "Presidential Scholars Program Search; State:Louisiana, High School: Benjamin Franklin". U.S. Department of Education: Presidential Scholars Program. 2006-03-01. Retrieved 2007-02-15.
- Jackson, Connie (1995-05-18). "High School Senior Writing Her Destiny". The Times-Picayune. p. A1.
- "2007 Presidential Scholars". U.S. Department of Education. 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2007-05-09.
- "Scholar Information: Wendell Pierce". U.S. Department of Education. 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2010-11-29.
- "FRANKLIN, BEN". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
- "Athletics". Benjamin Franklin High School. Archived from the original on 2009-04-12. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- "State Championship Archives starting from 1996". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 2007-11-01. Retrieved 2007-02-24.
- Brocato, Ron (2004-08-11). "Greatness abounds in legacy of N.O. junior athletics". Clarion Herald. Archived from the original on 2004-11-22. Retrieved 2007-02-15.
- Huff, Pierce (2008-07-15). "Pulizzano out at Ben Franklin". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
- "1996-1997 LHSAA State Champions". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "1997-1998 LHSAA State Champions". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "1999-2000 LHSAA State Champions". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "2001-2002 LHSAA State Champions". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "2000-2001 LHSAA State Champions". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "2002-2003 LHSAA State Champions". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "2003-2004 LHSAA State Champions". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "2004-2005 LHSAA State Champions". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "2011 Boys' Soccer Playoff Brackets" (PDF). Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
- "2008 State Tennis Results" (PDF). Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "2009 State Tennis Results" (PDF). Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
- "2005-2006 LHSAA State Champions". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 2006-08-13. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "2007 State Tennis Results" (PDF). Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "2010 State Tennis Results" (PDF). Louisiana High School Athletic Association. Retrieved 2010-05-20.
- Morcos, Laila (2008-05-21). "Ben Franklin High School Gets Top Honors -- In More Ways than One". ABC 26 News WGNO. Archived from the original on 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
- "2007 LHSAA Football Playoff Brackets - Class 3A". Louisiana High School Athletic Association. 2007-12-08. Archived from the original on 2007-11-12. Retrieved 2009-01-26.
- "Dombourian- Peter M. Dombourian, Conductor, Musician And Music Educator, Died Of Cancer Monday At Southern Baptist Hospital". The Times-Picayune. 1992-01-14. Retrieved 2009-01-26.
- Garcia, Antonio J (July 1996). "Wynton Marsalis: Speaking from the Melody". IAJE Jazz Education Journal, Vol. 29, No. 1. Retrieved 2008-02-21.
- Resseger, Jan (2007). "Public Education In New Orleans In the Aftermath of Katrina" (PDF). United Church of Christ Justice & Witness Ministries. p. 1. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
- Maloney, Stephen (2007-05-28). "Tipitina's Foundation in N.O. playing off the city's musical". New Orleans CityBusiness. Retrieved 2008-07-27.[dead link]
- "Katrina Donations". The Mr. Holland's Opus Foundation. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
- Wolgelenter, Nina (2008-03-06). "Holocaust survivor's story comes to life on the stage". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
- "A conversation with Eva Schloss at The National World War II Museum". The National World War II Museum. 2008-02-17. Archived from the original on 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
- "2008 Scholastic Crowns". Columbia Scholastic Press Association. Archived from the original on 2008-10-01. Retrieved 2008-11-22.
- "2009 Scholastic Crowns". Columbia Scholastic Press Association. Archived from the original on 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- "Top-Scoring Magazines for 2007 and Advisers". American Scholastic Press Association. Archived from the original on 2008-01-01. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- "Top-Scoring Magazines for 2008 and Advisers". American Scholastic Press Association. Archived from the original on 2009-05-07. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- Johnson, Devin (2008-09-12). "Award-Winning Riverbend Review Book Signing". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- "SAMHSA News: July/August 2006, Volume 14, Number 4". Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
- Clark, Colleen (2006-08-28). "Class of Katrina carries on". USA Today. Retrieved 2006-04-16.
- "Yearbook 2006". bluecadet interactive. Archived from the original on 2007-12-08. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
- Ritea, Steve (2006-10-23). "Natural Selection". The Times Picayune. Archived from the original on January 26, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
- Holley-Walker, Danielle (November 2007). "The Accountability Cycle: The Recovery School District Act and New Orleans' Charter Schools" (PDF). 40 (1). Connecticut Law Review: 147. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
- Varney, James (1998-04-05). "Activist wages war on school". The Times Picayune. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
- "New Columnist". The Times-Picayune. 1995-07-05. p. A1, National.
- Frank, Ted (2004-04-23). "Who is this Ted Frank guy anyway?". Lagniappe: an unserious blog. published by Ted Frank. Archived from the original on November 14, 2006. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
- "Representative Jalila Jefferson-Bullock". Louisiana State Legislature. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
- "Anya Kamenetz". Pirate's Alley Faulkner Society. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
- Contemporary Black Biography: Delfeayo Marsalis. The Gale Group, Inc. 1982.
- Jaggi, Maya (2003-01-25). "Blowing up a storm". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-02-26.
- Larson, Susan (2008-04-16). "Author James Nolan's 'Perpetual Care' is the real deal". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
- Associated Press (2008). "Actor wants to revive Pontchartrain Park". KATC Channel 3. Archived from the original on 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- Nolan, Bruce (2009-09-20). "ACORN goes on the defensive as it battles a string of scandals". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 2009-09-20.
- "Representative Cedric L. Richmond". Louisiana State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2008-05-14. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
- "Native Son Comes Home". Louisiana Department of Agriculture & Forestry. 2004-02-19. Archived from the original on 2004-03-08. Retrieved 2008-05-22.
- Dennis, David. "DEE-1: GOOD CLEAN LIVING". Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- Percy, Walker (2000). Lost in the Cosmos. New York, NY: Picador USA. p. 49. ISBN 0-312-25399-0.
- "The Benjamin Franklin Post". Benjamin Franklin High School. March 2004. p. 9, no. 5.
- "The Franklin Forum". Benjamin Franklin High School. February 2005. p. 2, no. 5.
- Smith, Julie (2002). Louisiana Hotshot. New York, NY: Tor. p. 69. ISBN 0-7653-4292-8.
- Capps, Ronald Everett (2004). Off Magazine Street. San Francisco, CA: MacAdam/Cage Pub. p. 198. ISBN 1-931561-74-5.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Benjamin Franklin High School
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ben Franklin School, New Orleans.|