Benjamin Franklin Perry
|Benjamin Franklin Perry|
|72nd Governor of South Carolina|
June 30, 1865 – November 29, 1865
|Appointed by||Andrew Johnson|
|Preceded by||Andrew Gordon Magrath|
|Succeeded by||James Lawrence Orr|
|Judge of the Confederate States District Court for the District of South Carolina|
February 1, 1865 – May 5, 1865
|Appointed by||Jefferson Davis|
|Preceded by||Andrew Gordon Magrath|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Greenville District|
November 24, 1862 – February 1, 1865
November 26, 1849 – November 26, 1860
November 28, 1836 – November 28, 1842
|Member of the South Carolina Senate from Greenville District|
November 25, 1844 – November 27, 1848
|Preceded by||Henry Gaines Johnston|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Edwin Ware|
November 20, 1805|
Pickens District, South Carolina
|Died||December 3, 1886
Greenville, South Carolina
Early life and career
Perry was born in Pickens District and educated at preparatory schools in Asheville, North Carolina. He was admitted to the South Carolina bar in 1827, but pursued journalism and became the editor of the Greenville Mountaineer in 1832. The paper was adamantly against nullification and Perry was able to parlay his influence by being elected as a delegate to both the Union Convention and the Nullification Convention. Turner Bynum, who was editor of the pro-Calhoun Greenville Sentinel newspaper, met Perry in a duel. The duel was staged on an island in the Tugaloo River near Hatton's Ford on August 17, 1832. Perry fatally wounded Bynum who died that night.
In 1836, Perry was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives and served for six years until 1842, he had lost to Warren R. Davis in 1834. He gained election to the South Carolina Senate in 1844, but returned to the House of Representatives in 1849 and remained a member until 1860. As the secession movement was sweeping the state in the years prior to the Civil War, Perry founded The Southern Patriot in 1851 to counter and spread a unionist message. Even though Perry was adamantly against secession, he embraced the state when it did secede and rallied the residents in the Upstate in favor of the Confederate cause. He was again elected to the House of Representatives in 1862 and served until being appointed as a Confederate States District Judge in 1864.
On June 30, 1865, President Andrew Johnson appointed Perry as the provisional Governor of South Carolina, because of the strong unionist views he had held prior to the war. Perry was directed by the president to enroll voters and to lead the state in the writing of a new state constitution. The delegates at the constitutional convention largely followed Perry's guidelines for the constitution, but they strayed by adopting the black codes to prevent black suffrage. President Johnson, as well as several leading statesmen of South Carolina, urged the granting of suffrage to blacks while also including a property qualification clause. A property qualification would essentially disenfranchise all blacks without giving the appearance of impropriety towards blacks and prevent the imposition of harsh terms by the Radical Republicans
Benjamin Franklin Perry said in 1865, "The African," "has been in all ages, a savage or a slave. God created him inferior to the white man in form, color, and intellect, and no legislation or culture can make him his equal... His hair, his form and features will not compete with the caucasian race, and it is in vain to think of elevating him to the dignity of the white man. God created differences between the two races, and nothing can make him equal".
Upon the completion of the constitution, elections were called and Perry sought election to the U.S. Senate. He was elected along with John Lawrence Manning, but the Radical Republicans in charge of Congress refused to seat them. In 1872, he unsuccessfully ran for the 4th congressional district House seat against Republican Alexander S. Wallace. His son, William Hayne Perry, did successfully gain election to the House and was a member from 1885 to 1891. Perry died in Greenville on December 3, 1886 and was interred at Christ Church Episcopal Cemetery.
Andrew Gordon Magrath
|Governor of South Carolina
James Lawrence Orr