Benjamin Gwinn Harris

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Benjamin Gwinn Harris, Maryland Congressman.

Benjamin Gwinn Harris (December 13, 1805 – April 4, 1895) was a U.S. Representative from Maryland.

Born near Leonardtown, St. Mary's County, Maryland, Harris attended Yale College in the late 1820s, and Harvard Law School from 1829 to 1830. He served as member of the Maryland House of Delegates in 1833 and 1836, and was admitted to the bar in 1840. Harris was removed from Yale after taking part in a student protest against the poor quality of the food in the campus housing. While serving in the Maryland House of Delegates, he opposed the Know-Nothing Party and championed religious freedom. Yet, he also sought to enforce slavery and the oppression of African-Americans including the re-enslavement of Maryland's freedmen on the eve of the Civil War.[1]

Harris was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth and Thirty-ninth Congresses (March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1867). He voted against every war appropriations measure brought to the House of Representatives. His vote on the Thirteenth Amendment is recorded as nay. He was censured by the House of Representatives on April 9, 1864, for treasonable utterances. In his defense of Congressman Alexander Long, Harris openly prayed for a southern victory on the floor of the House.[2] He was tried by a military court in Washington, D.C. in May 1865 for harboring two paroled Confederate soldiers, and sentenced to three years imprisonment and forever disqualified from holding any office under the United States Government, but President Andrew Johnson subsequently remitted the sentence. He died on his estate, "Ellenborough," near Leonardtown, Maryland, April 4, 1895. He was interred in the family burying ground on his estate.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kastenberg, Joshua (2016). A Confederate in Congress: The Civil War Treason Trial of Benjamin Gwinn Harris. NC: McFarland. p. 81. ISBN 978-1476664897. 
  2. ^ Id. 
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Francis Thomas
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 5th congressional district

Succeeded by
Frederick Stone

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website