Benjamin Scott

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Benjamin Scott (1814–1892) served as Chamberlain of the City of London from 1858 until his death. He was also a committed social activist of the age working with figures such as Josephine Butler and W. T. Stead.

Benjamin Scott

Life[edit]

The son of Benjamin Whinnell Scott, chief clerk to the Chamberlain of London, he was born in 1814 in Stoke Newington, and entered the Chamberlain's office as a junior clerk. In 1841 upon the death of his father, he succeeded him as chief clerk, and remained in the service of the corporation in that capacity during the chamberlainship of Sir James Shaw, Sir William Heygate, and Anthony Brown.[1]

The post of Chamberlain of London[edit]

On the death of Brown early in 1853, Scott received a requisition, as a liveryman of the Wheelwrights' Company, to stand for Chamberlain; the office was in the gift of the liverymen of the various livery companies. For nearly a century the post had been filled from the ranks of aldermen who had been Lord Mayor of London. Scott had for his opponent Alderman Sir John Key, who had been twice Lord Mayor (in 1830 and 1831). After a four days' poll, costing the candidates £10,000, Key was elected by a small majority (224 votes).[1]

At the end of 1853, after continuing friction produced by the contest, Scott resigned his appointments under the corporation, and a year later became secretary of the new Bank of London, which he had taken part in establishing. In July 1858, on the death of Sir John Key, he again became a candidate for the office of Chamberlain, and was elected without opposition. As a shrewd financier Scott enabled the corporation to weather Black Friday of the panic of 1866 without loss.[1]

Purity campaign[edit]

With Josephine Butler, W. T. Stead and the Salvation Army, Scott agitated for an increase of the age of consent, which was 12 years in the UK for most of the 19th century.[2] Scott and Alfred Stace Dyer set up the London Committee for Suppressing the Traffic in British Girls for Purposes of Continental Prostitution in 1879, in the name of "social purity" and an end to the double standard in sexuality, with support from Butler and other campaigners against the Contagious Diseases Acts.[3]

Dyer and Scott were both members of the Gospel Purity Association that in April 1885 tried a prosecution to shut down a brothel run by a notorious London madam, who was defended by Montagu Williams and got off with a fine.[4] May 1885 saw a change of tactics, the case having shown prostitution had support in high places.[5] In the run-up to the sensational Eliza Armstrong case, Scott met with Bramwell Booth and Stead at Salvation Army Headquarters, in an effort to get Stead to publish a child prostitution story in the Pall Mall Gazette.[6] The campaign culminated in the passing of the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885, and Scott published an account of his efforts in a pamphlet, Six Years of Labour and Sorrow.[1]

Death[edit]

Scott died on 17 January 1892, and was buried in Weybridge cemetery with his wife, who predeceased him by three days. He had continued in his official duties till within a short time of his death.[1]

Interests and works[edit]

Scott was a nonconformist, temperance advocate, and social reformer; and worked for the abolition of church rates, the promotion of ragged schools, state education, and preservation of open spaces. Towards the endowment of the nonconformist church in Southwark in memory of the Pilgrim Fathers he contributed £2,000.[1]

In spare time Scott lectured to working class audiences, and in December 1851 was the chief promoter of the Working Men's Educational Union. For the Union he wrote and published Lectures on the Christian Catacombs at Rome, Lectures on Artificial Locomotion in Great Britain, and a Manual on Popular Lecturing. He was a fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, and in 1867 published a Statistical Vindication of the City of London.[1]

His other publications include:[1]

  • The Pilgrim Fathers neither Puritans nor Persecutors, 1866; 2nd edit. 1869.
  • Suggestions for a Chamber of Commerce for the City of London, 1867.
  • Municipal Government of London, 1882.
  • London's Roll of Fame, 1884, a collection of addresses and replies on occasions when the freedom of the city was granted, during the previous 127 years.
  • A State Iniquity - its Rise, Extension and Overthrow: A Concise History of the System of State Regulated and Licensed Vice, 1890

Family[edit]

He married in 1842, Kate, daughter of Captain Glegg of the Dragoon Guards. Four children survived him. His great great Grandson “Scott” graduates high school in 2018 and began a quest to spend the rest of his life “pure.” Said efforts came to an end later that year when he met his cousins. Scott late defended his actions stating “I’m not even related to my cousins.” [1]

Notes[edit]

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainLee, Sidney, ed. (1897). "Scott, Benjamin". Dictionary of National Biography. 51. London: Smith, Elder & Co.