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Waugh c. 1900
20 February 1839|
Settle, North Yorkshire
|Died||11 March 1908
|Education||Theological college, Bradford|
Benjamin Waugh (20 February 1839 – 11 March 1908) was a Victorian social reformer and campaigner who founded the UK charity, the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) in the late 19th century, and also wrote various hymns.
Working as a Congregationalist minister in the slums of Greenwich, Waugh became appalled at the deprivations and cruelties suffered by children. Critical of the workhouse system, the Poor law and aspects of the criminal justice system as it affected children, he wrote a book (The Gaol Cradle, Who Rocks It?, 1873) urging the creation of juvenile courts and children's prisons as a means of diverting children from a life of crime. He was elected to represent Greenwich on the London School Board from 1870 to 1876.
He was also, from 1874 to 1896, editor of a religious periodical, The Sunday Magazine, in which he published several of his own hymns, among which is "Now let us see thy beauty, Lord", which has appeared in several editions of the Methodist Hymn Book, in Congregational Praise and in the Australian Hymnbook, though not in its successor, Sing Alleluia.
London Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
In 1884, he was a co-founder (with Sarah Smith, Baroness Burdett-Coutts, Earl Shaftesbury and others) of the London Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (echoing a similar initiative in Liverpool), launched at London's Mansion House on 8 July. The London body's first chairman was veteran social reformer, Earl Shaftesbury. It evolved to become the NSPCC some five years later (14 May 1889), with Waugh as its first director and Queen Victoria as its first patron.
Family and homes
With his wife Sarah Elizabeth, Waugh had numerous children including a daughter, Edna, who would become a notable watercolour artist and draughtsman.
Waugh lived at a number of addresses including Oak Cottage, Shipbourne in Kent, Croom's Hill in Greenwich, and at 53 Woodlands Villas (today Vanbrugh Park) in neighbouring Blackheath. In 1884 he was living at 33 The Green, Southgate. He later retired, in 1905, to live at 4 Runwell Terrace in Westcliff, a suburb of Southend, Essex, where he died three years later, and was buried in the Southend borough cemetery.
A blue plaque marks a property mistakenly believed to be that of Waugh's residence on Croom's Hill when it was installed in 1984 by the Greater London Council. English Heritage, the successor authority responsible for blue plaques correctly identifies Waugh's former home as 62 Croom's Hill.
Waugh's blue plaque at Croom's Hill, Greenwich
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Benjamin Waugh.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Waugh, Benjamin.|
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1912). "Waugh, Benjamin". Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- "Benjamin Waugh". Bygone Southend. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
- http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/blue-plaques/waugh-benjamin-1839-1908 retrieved 24 Mar 2017